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BODY PLANES, DIRECTIONS, CAVITIES BODY PLANES LINE THROUGH THE BODY AT VARIOUS PARTS TO SEPARATE THE BODY INTO SECTIONS.

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Presentation on theme: "BODY PLANES, DIRECTIONS, CAVITIES BODY PLANES LINE THROUGH THE BODY AT VARIOUS PARTS TO SEPARATE THE BODY INTO SECTIONS."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 BODY PLANES, DIRECTIONS, CAVITIES

3 BODY PLANES LINE THROUGH THE BODY AT VARIOUS PARTS TO SEPARATE THE BODY INTO SECTIONS

4 TRANSVERSE PLANE ONE OF THREE MAIN PLANES

5 TRANSVERSE PLANE DIVIDES BODY INTO TOP AND BOTTOM HALF

6 SUPERIOR BODY PARTS ABOVE OTHER PARTS

7 INFERIOR BODY PARTS BELOW OTHER PARTS

8 EXAMPLE ANKLE IS SUPERIOR TO THE FOOT BUT INFERIOR TO THE KNEE

9 CRANIAL BODY PARTS LOCATED NEAR THE HEAD

10 CAUDAL BODY PARTS LOCATED NEAR THE SACRAL REGION OF THE SPINAL COLUMN OR TAIL

11 MIDSAGITTAL OR MEDIAN PLANE SECOND OF THREE PLANES

12 MIDSAGITTAL OR MEDIAN PLANE DIVIDES THE BODY INTO RIGHT AND LEFT SIDES

13 MEDIAL BODY PARTS CLOSE TO MIDLINE OR PLANE

14 LATERAL BODY PARTS AWAY FROM THE MIDLINE OR PLANE

15 FRONTAL OR CORONAL THIRD PLANE OF THE BODY

16 FRONTAL OR CORONAL DIVIDES THE BODY INTO FRONT AND BACK SECTIONS

17 VENTRAL OR ANTERIOR BODY PARTS IN FRONT OF THE BODY

18 DORSAL OR POSTERIOR BODY PARTS IN BACK OF THE BODY

19 PROXIMAL AND DISTAL TWO OTHER DIRECTIONAL TERMS USED TO DISCRIBE RELATIONSHIP TO

20 PROXIMAL BODY PARTS CLOSE TO THE POINT O R REFERENCE EXAMPLE MAIN TRUNK OF THE BODY IS A POINT OF REFERENCE TO THE ARMS AND LEGS

21 DISTAL BODY PARTS AWAY FROM THE POINT OF REFERENCE EXAMPLE: TOES ARE DISTAL TO THE THIGH

22 BODY CAVITIES SPACES WITHIN THE BODY THAT CONTAIN VITAL ORGANS

23 DORSAL OR POSTERIOR CAVITY ONE OF TWO MAIN BODY CAVITIES ONE LONG CONTINUOUS CAVITY ON BACK OF THE BODY DIVIDED INTO TWO SECTIONS –CRANIAL CAVITY –SPINAL CAVITY

24 CRANIAL CAVITY CONTAINS THE BRAIN

25 SPINAL CAVITY CONTAINS THE SPINAL CORD

26 VENTRAL OR ANTERIOR CAVITIES LARGER THAN DORSAL CAVITY SEPERATED INTO TWO DISTINCT CAVITIES BY THE DIAPHRAGM

27 THORACIC CAVITY LOCATED IN CHEST CONTAINS HEART LUNGS, AND THE LARGE BLOOD VESSELS

28 ABDOMINAL CAVITY DIVIDED INTO UPPER AND LOWER PART

29 UPPER ABDOMINAL CAVITY STOMACH, SMALL INTESTINES, MOST OF LARGE INTESTINES, LIVER, GALLBLADDER, PANCREAS AND SPLEEN

30 LOWER ABDOMINAL CAVITY OR PELVIC CAVITY CONTAINS URINARY BLADDER, REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS, AND LAST PART OF LARGE INTESTINES

31 QUADRANTS CREATES RIGHT UPPER QUADRANT (RUQ) LEFT UPPER QUADRANT (LUQ) RIGHT LOWER QUADRANT (RLQ) LEFT LOWER QUADRANT(LLQ)

32 ABDOMINAL REGIONS DIVIDED INTO REGIONS OR SECTIONS BECAUSE IT IS SO LARGE

33 REGIONS

34 EPIGASTRIC UPPER CENTER REGION ABOVE THE STOMACH

35 UMBILICAL MIDDLE CENTER REGION BY UMBILICUS

36 HYPOGASTRIC OR PELVIC LOWER CENTER REGION

37 HYPOCHONDRIAC ON EITHER SIDE OF THE RIBS

38 LUMBAR EITHER SIDE BY LARGE BONES OF SPINAL CORD

39 ILIAC OR INGUINAL EITHER SIDE OF THE GROIN


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