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BODY PLANES, DIRECTIONS, CAVITIES
BODY PLANES LINE THROUGH THE BODY AT VARIOUS PARTS TO SEPARATE THE BODY INTO SECTIONS
TRANSVERSE PLANE ONE OF THREE MAIN PLANES
TRANSVERSE PLANE DIVIDES BODY INTO TOP AND BOTTOM HALF
SUPERIOR BODY PARTS ABOVE OTHER PARTS
INFERIOR BODY PARTS BELOW OTHER PARTS
EXAMPLE ANKLE IS SUPERIOR TO THE FOOT BUT INFERIOR TO THE KNEE
CRANIAL BODY PARTS LOCATED NEAR THE HEAD
CAUDAL BODY PARTS LOCATED NEAR THE SACRAL REGION OF THE SPINAL COLUMN OR TAIL
MIDSAGITTAL OR MEDIAN PLANESECOND OF THREE PLANES
MIDSAGITTAL OR MEDIAN PLANEDIVIDES THE BODY INTO RIGHT AND LEFT SIDES
MEDIAL BODY PARTS CLOSE TO MIDLINE OR PLANE
LATERAL BODY PARTS AWAY FROM THE MIDLINE OR PLANE
FRONTAL OR CORONAL THIRD PLANE OF THE BODY
FRONTAL OR CORONAL DIVIDES THE BODY INTO FRONT AND BACK SECTIONS
VENTRAL OR ANTERIOR BODY PARTS IN FRONT OF THE BODY
DORSAL OR POSTERIOR BODY PARTS IN BACK OF THE BODY
PROXIMAL AND DISTAL TWO OTHER DIRECTIONAL TERMSUSED TO DISCRIBE RELATIONSHIP TO
PROXIMAL BODY PARTS CLOSE TO THE POINT O R REFERENCEEXAMPLE MAIN TRUNK OF THE BODY IS A POINT OF REFERENCE TO THE ARMS AND LEGS
DISTAL BODY PARTS AWAY FROM THE POINT OF REFERENCEEXAMPLE: TOES ARE DISTAL TO THE THIGH
BODY CAVITIES SPACES WITHIN THE BODY THAT CONTAIN VITAL ORGANS
DORSAL OR POSTERIOR CAVITYONE OF TWO MAIN BODY CAVITIES ONE LONG CONTINUOUS CAVITY ON BACK OF THE BODY DIVIDED INTO TWO SECTIONS CRANIAL CAVITY SPINAL CAVITY
CRANIAL CAVITY CONTAINS THE BRAIN
SPINAL CAVITY CONTAINS THE SPINAL CORD
VENTRAL OR ANTERIOR CAVITIESLARGER THAN DORSAL CAVITY SEPERATED INTO TWO DISTINCT CAVITIES BY THE DIAPHRAGM
THORACIC CAVITY CONTAINS HEART LUNGS, AND THE LARGE BLOOD VESSELSLOCATED IN CHEST CONTAINS HEART LUNGS, AND THE LARGE BLOOD VESSELS
ABDOMINAL CAVITY DIVIDED INTO UPPER AND LOWER PART
UPPER ABDOMINAL CAVITYSTOMACH, SMALL INTESTINES, MOST OF LARGE INTESTINES, LIVER, GALLBLADDER, PANCREAS AND SPLEEN
LOWER ABDOMINAL CAVITY OR PELVIC CAVITYCONTAINS URINARY BLADDER, REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS, AND LAST PART OF LARGE INTESTINES
QUADRANTS CREATES RIGHT UPPER QUADRANT (RUQ) LEFT UPPER QUADRANT (LUQ)RIGHT LOWER QUADRANT (RLQ) LEFT LOWER QUADRANT(LLQ)
ABDOMINAL REGIONS DIVIDED INTO REGIONS OR SECTIONS BECAUSE IT IS SO LARGE
EPIGASTRIC UPPER CENTER REGION ABOVE THE STOMACH
UMBILICAL MIDDLE CENTER REGION BY UMBILICUS
HYPOGASTRIC OR PELVIC LOWER CENTER REGION
HYPOCHONDRIAC ON EITHER SIDE OF THE RIBS
LUMBAR EITHER SIDE BY LARGE BONES OF SPINAL CORD
ILIAC OR INGUINAL EITHER SIDE OF THE GROIN
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