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Appendicular Skeleton Pelvic Girdle Thigh (Leg) (Lower) Leg Foot The lower appendages are attached to the axial skeleton via the pelvic girdle
© 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. Bones of the Pelvic Girdle Pelvic girdle 2 coxal bones + sacrum – Coxal bones are three pairs of fused bones 1.Ilium 2.Ischium 3.Pubis Bony pelvis 2 coxal bones + sacrum + coccyx
© 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. Function of the Pelvic Girdle protects several organs – Reproductive organs – Urinary bladder – Part of the large intestine Bears weight of the upper body
Figure 5.26a The bony pelvis. Ilium Pubis Ischium (a) Coxal bone (or hip bone) Sacrum Coccyx Pubic arch Iliac crest Sacroiliac joint Pelvic brim Ischial spine Acetabulum Pubic symphysis Articulates with axial skeleton at the sacrum = sacroiliac joint
Figure 5.26b The bony pelvis. Ilium Iliac crest Anterior superior iliac spine Anterior inferior iliac spine Acetabulum Body of pubis Pubis Inferior pubic ramus Obturator foramen Ala Posterior superior iliac spine Posterior inferior iliac spine Greater sciatic notch Ischial body Ischial spine Ischial tuberosity Ischium Ischial ramus (b)
© 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. Gender Differences of the Pelvis The female’s pelvis: – Inlet is larger and more circular – Pelvis as a whole is shallower, and the bones are lighter and thinner – Ilia flare more laterally – Sacrum is shorter and less curved – Ischial spines are shorter and farther apart; thus, the outlet is larger – Pubic arch is more rounded because the angle of the pubic arch is greater
Figure 5.26c The bony pelvis. False pelvis Inlet of true pelvis Pelvic brim False pelvis Inlet of true pelvis Pelvic brim (c) Pubic arch (less than 90 ° ) Pubic arch (more than 90 ° )
© 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. Bones of the Lower Appendages Femur—thigh bone – heaviest, strongest bone in the body – Proximally, the head articulates with the acetabulum of the (hip) bone This creates a ball-and-socket joint – Distally, the lateral and medial condyles articulate with the tibia in the lower leg
Figure 5.27a Bones of the right thigh and leg. Neck Inter- trochanteric line Lesser trochanter (a) Lateral condyle Patellar surface Head
Figure 5.27b Bones of the right thigh and leg. Lesser trochanter Gluteal tuberosity Greater trochanter Inter- trochanteric crest (b) Lateral condyle Head Intercondylar fossa Medial condyle
© 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. Bones of the Lower Limbs 1.Tibia—shinbone; larger and medially oriented – Medial and lateral condyles articulate proximally with the femur to form the knee joint 2.Fibula—thin and sticklike; lateral to the tibia – Not part of the knee joint (Patella- a sesamoid (short) bone that lies anteriorly in the knee joint; called kneecap)
Figure 5.27c Bones of the right thigh and leg. Intercondylar eminence Lateral condyle Head Proximal tibiofibular joint Medial condyle Tibial tuberosity Interosseous membrane Anterior border Tibia Medial malleolus Distal tibiofibular joint Lateral malleolus (c) Fibula
© 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. Bones of the Foot Tarsals—Two largest tarsals Calcaneus (heel bone) Talus Metatarsals—form the sole of the foot Phalanges—form the toes – Big toe is the hallux – All have 3 bones; hallux has 2
Figure 5.28 Bones of the right foot, superior view. Medial cuneiform Tarsals: Phalanges: Metatarsals Tarsals: Intermediate cuneiform Navicular Talus Distal Middle Proximal Lateral cuneiform Cuboid Calcaneus
© 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. Arches of the Foot Bones of the foot are arranged to form three strong arches – Two longitudinal Medial and laterally located – One transverse
Figure 5.29 Arches of the foot. Medial longitudinal arch Transverse arch Lateral longitudinal arch
-Pelvic Girdle -Thigh (Leg) -(Lower) Leg -Foot -The lower appendages are attached to the axial skeleton via the pelvic girdle.
The Appendicular Skeleton Composed of 126 bones – Limbs (appendages) – Pectoral girdle – Pelvic girdle.
Appendicular Skeleton Continued Marieb Exercise 11, pgs
PowerPoint ® Lecture Slide Presentation by Patty Bostwick-Taylor, Florence-Darlington Technical College Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing.
The Hip. Pelvic (Hip) Girdle Two hip bones (each also called coxal bone or os coxae) – Attach the lower limbs to the axial skeleton with strong ligaments.
The Lower Limbs. Formed by the two coxal bones (a.k.a. ossa coxae) that form the hip bones Coxal bones are attached to the sacrum to form the bony pelvis.
Chapter 5: The Skeletal System Lecture Notes Part E.
The Pelvic Girdle & Lower Limb 1. 2 PELVIC GIRDLE 3 Pelvic Girdle – consists of two hip bones that articulate with each other anteriorly at the symphysis.
THE SKELETAL SYSTEM Focus on the Pelvic Girdle and lower limb.
The Lower Torso The pelvic girdle is formed by two coxal bones or ossa coxae commonly called hip bones. Together with the sacrum and the coccyx the hip.
Chapter 7 Pelvic Girdle and Lower Limbs. Pelvic Girdle Consists of two coxae (hipbones) that articulate with each other anteriorly and with the sacrum.
Anatomy and Physiology I Bones of the Pelvic Girdle And Lower Limb Instructor: Mary Holman.
Bones of the appendicular skeleton. The Skeleton: Appendicular Skeleton.
Lower Appendicular Skeleton. Pelvic Girdle Composed of sacrum, coccyx, and 2 coxae (hipbones) Coxae have 3 distinct parts: –Ilium –Ischium –Pubis.
Lower Appendicular Skeleton. Pelvic Girdle Composed of sacrum, coccyx, and 2 coxae (hipbones) Coxae have 3 distinct parts: – Ilium – Ischium – Pubis.
Appendicular Skeleton Pelvic Girdle and Lower Limb.
Appendicular Skeleton. Allows us to move and manipulate objects Includes all bones besides axial skeleton: the limbs the supportive girdles.
The Pelvic Girdle and Lower Limb. Pelvic (hip) Girdle 2 coxal (hip) bones Ilium Ischium Pubis Sacroiliac Joint Pubic Symphysis Function: Support for vertebral.
Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Seventh Edition Elaine N. Marieb Chapter.
Chapter 8 The Appendicular Skeleton Course objectives: List the bones of the appendicular skeleton Describe and identify the bones of the pectoral girdle.
Pelvic Girdle and Lower Limb Coxa Femur Patella Tibia Fibula Tarsals Metatarsals Phalanges.
Bones of the lower limb Dr Idara. Pelvic girdle Attaches lower limbs to the spine Supports visceral organs Attaches to the axial skeleton by strong ligaments.
Bones Of The Appendicular Skeleton. Compact Bone Model.
Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings. Figure 8.1 The pectoral girdle and clavicle. Clavicle Acromio- clavicular.
The Appendicular Skeleton Lab 5. Appendicular Skeleton The appendicular skeleton is made up of the bones of the limbs and their girdles Pectoral girdlesPectoral.
Lower Extrmities Pelvis Femur Tibia,Fibula Tarsals, Metatarsals Phalanges.
Appendicular Skeleton Pectoral and Pelvic Girdles Limbs 126 Bones.
Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 11e1 Chapter 8 The Skeletal System: Appendicular Skeleton.
The Appendicular Skeleton. THE SKELETAL SYSTEM The Appendicular Skeleton 2 pairs of limbs and 2 girdles Pectoral (shoulder) girdle attaches upper limbs.
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings C h a p t e r 8 The Appendicular Skeleton PowerPoint® Lecture Slides.
Skeletal System - “Lower Extremity”. Appendicular - Lower Extremity __ Total Bones Hipbone (1) = Femur (1) = 2 Tibia (1) = _______ (1) = 2 Patella.
The Skeleton P A R T D. The Upper Limb Consists of: Arm (brachium) Forearm (antebrachium) Hand (manus)
The Pelvic Girdle and Lower Limb Ilium Ischium Pubis Obturator Foramen Ischial Spine Sacroiliac Joint Iliac Crest Anterior Superior Iliac Spine Anterior.
Chapter 8 The Skeletal System: The Appendicular Skeleton.
Lab #11 Appendicular skeleton. Bone Practical 50 points On 11/8 - One week from Thursday Covers all the bones and bone parts on the axial and appendicular.
Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Human Anatomy & Physiology, Sixth Edition Elaine N. Marieb PowerPoint ® Lecture.
Lower Appendicular Skeleton. Pelvic Girdle Formed by two ossa coxa (hipbones) and united anteriorly by the symphsis pubis. The pelvic Girdle supports.
LOWER LIMB Chapter 7. Pelvic (hip) Girdle Attaches the lower limb to the axial skeleton Secured to the axial skeleton with the strongest ligaments in.
HUMAN ANATOMY Chapter 1 Lecture Chapter 7 The Skeletal System: Appendicular Division Chapter 7 Lecture.
1 Essentials of Human Anatomy Essentials of Human Anatomy The Skeletal System 3 Appendicular Skeleton Dr Fadel Naim Ass. Prof. Faculty of Medicine IUG.
Appendicular Skeleton. Bones of the upper and lower limbs and the girdles (shoulder and hip) that attach the limbs to the axial skeleton. Bones of the.
BONES OF THE PECTORAL GIRDLE AND UPPER EXTREMITY.
APPENDICULAR SKELETON BONES TO KNOW 2 REVIEW. a—scaphoid b—lunate c—triquetral d—pisiform.
The Appendicular Skeleton Study Guide. © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. Acromion Coracoid process Glenoid cavity Lateral border Suprascapular notch Superior.
1. What bone is the talus? A B C. C 2. Which letter points to the intermediate cuniform? B A C.
1 Essentials of Human Anatomy Essentials of Human Anatomy The Skeletal System 3 Appendicular Skeleton Chapter 5 Dr Fadel Naim Ass. Prof. Faculty of Medicine.
Appendicular Skeleton Includes: 126 bones Pectoral girdle (shoulder) Upper limbs Pelvic girdle Lower limbs.
Chapter 5: Skeletal System The Appendicular Skeleton ShoulderArmLegPelvis.
Os Coxa: The fusion of 3 bones during childhood Ilium ischium pubis.
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