Divine Right Belief that kings were allowed to rule by God What was this idea called in China? Mandate of Heaven!
Bishop Jacques-Benigne Bossuet, 1679 “Behold an immense people united in a single person; behold this holy power, paternal and absolute… you see the image of God in the king, and you have the idea of royal majesty. Kings, exercise your power then boldly, for it is divine and salutary for human kind...”
Absolutism When monarchs ruled with total power (aka centralized power) What can an absolute king do? ABSOLUTELY ANTHING!!!