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What’s the difference and why does it matter?. Phrases A phrase is a group of words that acts as a single part of speech (like a noun or adjective) that.

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Presentation on theme: "What’s the difference and why does it matter?. Phrases A phrase is a group of words that acts as a single part of speech (like a noun or adjective) that."— Presentation transcript:

1 What’s the difference and why does it matter?

2 Phrases A phrase is a group of words that acts as a single part of speech (like a noun or adjective) that does not contain both a subject and a verb. It is a part of the main sentence but cannot express a complete thought on its own. After midnight, Egbert's mother was on the roof dancing with a Ukranian bullfighter. Surprised by the intensity of her disgust, Felicity stared at the cockroach scurrying across her omelet.

3 More examples of PHRASES With the silence and immobility of a great reddish-tinted rock, Thor stood for many minutes, looking out over his domain. His hands raw, he reached a flat place at the top of the mountain. His car, a perfectly maintained 1960 Thunderbird, stood in the driveway.

4 More examples of PHRASES With the silence and immobility of a great reddish-tinted rock, Thor stood for many minutes, looking out over his domain. His hands raw, he reached a flat place at the top of the mountain. His car, a perfectly maintained 1960 Thunderbird, stood in the driveway. NOTICE: What’s in red is the main sentence—the independent clause—and all the phrases provide extra information for it.

5 Phind the Phrases Mr. Tennenbaum, a stocky, bald-headed man, is my boss. Mr. Tennenbaum, [a stocky, bald-headed man], is my boss. He stood there for a long time, his carpetbag in his hand. He stood there [for a long time], [his carpetbag in his hand].

6 Phind the Phrases Mr. Tennenbaum, a stocky, bald-headed man, is my boss. Mr. Tennenbaum is my boss. He stood there for a long time, his carpetbag in his hand. He stood there. Notice: You can take away the phrases and are left with the main sentence. Phrases provide extra information.

7 Phind the Phrases Rita planted seeds in her garden, hoping they would grow into succulent tomatoes, but Taylor, being sometimes forgetful, forgot to water them, causing the plants to wither and die. Rita planted seeds [in her garden], [hoping they would grow] [into succulent tomatoes], but Taylor, [being sometimes forgetful], forgot to water them, [causing the plants to wither and die].

8 Phind the Phrases Rita planted seeds in her garden, hoping they would grow into succulent tomatoes, but Taylor, being sometimes forgetful, forgot to water them, causing the plants to wither and die. Rita planted seeds. Taylor forgot to water them. Here are the main ideas in this sentence. The phrases provide extra information.

9 Clauses A clause is a group of words that has both a subject and a predicate (a verb). There are two types of clauses: independent and dependent. An independent clause expresses a complete thought on its own. It is “independent”. A dependent clause, although it has a subject and a verb, does not express a complete thought on its own. It is “dependent” upon and must be attached to an independent clause.

10 Examples of Independent Clauses I shall haunt you until your dying day. Josh barfed on the desk. Take out the papers and the trash. Baby, you can drive my car. I would like to take you to the movies.

11 Examples of Dependent Clauses When she fell out of the apple tree. As he approached the top of the ridge. Where Alex sat crying in the mud. Because his pants wouldn’t fit him anymore. After you finish sorting your sock collection. If you’re very sweet to me. Before he started chewing on his tie. Typically, dependent clauses begin with a word that keeps the clause from being independent.

12 Independent or Dependent? The dog chewed on my hand. Independent Because he couldn’t find anything else to do. Dependent It didn’t hurt much. Independent Until he got to the bone. Dependent Then, I poked him in his eye. Independent When we try to pass off a Dependent Clause as a sentence, it doesn’t work because it’s just a FRAGMENT of a sentence.

13 Phrase or Clause? When we couldn’t hear a sound Clause (Dependent) Wearing a snorkel and a cape Phrase Ashley jumped out of the bushes Clause (Independent) Giving all of us a heart attack Phrase By putting super glue on the mouthpiece of her snorkel Phrase The next time she wears her snorkel Clause (Dependent)

14 Phrase, Dependent Clause, or Independent Clause? Complete in your notebook. 1) Lifting the rope and heading for his corner 2) Jack entered the ring 3) Sparring to warm up 4) Punching the air with a rapid piston-like movement 5) His opponent was already waiting there 6) Worried more than usual 7) Because his opponent would be his toughest yet 8) Jack listened to the referee 9) His body tensing 10) Jack took off his robe and waited for the bell

15 Phrase, Dependent Clause, or Independent Clause? 1) Lifting the rope and heading for his corner,  Phrase – no subject 2) Jack entered the ring.  Independent Clause 3) Sparring to warm up,  Phrase – no subject 4) Punching the air with a rapid piston-like movement,  Phrase – no subject

16 Phrase, Dependent Clause, or Independent Clause? 5) His opponent was already waiting there.  Independent Clause 6) Worried more than usual  Phrase – no subject 7) Because his opponent would be his toughest yet,  Dependent Clause 8) Jack listened to the referee.  Independent Clause

17 Phrase, Dependent Clause, or Independent Clause? 9) His body tensing,  Phrase – no subject 10) Jack took off his robe and waited for the bell.  Independent Clause

18 Unscramble these phrases and clauses into ONE sentence! 1) warning the traffic to make way 2) in the flurry of traffic 3) who only an hour ago had been asleep 4) wailing like a giant in agony 5) the ambulance driver 6) and his siren 7) gripped the steering wheel Complete this exercise on your handout.

19 Phrase/Clause Unscramble Solution In the flurry of traffic, the ambulance driver, who only an hour ago had been asleep, gripped the steering wheel, and his siren, wailing like a giant in agony, warning the traffic to make way. 2, 5, 3, 7, 6, 4, 1


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