3What is an action verb?A verb is one of the most important parts of the sentence. It tells the subjects actions, events, or state of being. It is always found in the predicate of a sentence. A verb that shows action is called an action verb.
4The words are action verbs: rancoughedswallowedridesangawake
5Can you find the action verb in each sentence? The girls danced in the recital.Our mailman drove a funny car last week.His teacher wrote the answers on the board.Alice worked on her homework last night.
6Answers! The girls danced in the recital. Our mailman drove a funny car last week.His teacher wrote the answers on the board.Alice worked on her homework last night.
7Present verbsAn action verb that describes an action that is happening now is called a present tense verb.The bird flies through the sky.Flies is a present tense verb because it is happening right now.
8Many present tense verbs end with s, but some end with es, or ies. criessleepssplashes
9Past VerbsVerbs which tell about actions which happened some time ago are past tense verbs.The dog wanted a bone.Wanted is a past tense verb because the action has already happened.
10Many past tense verbs end with ed, but some end with d, or ied. triedclappedplayed
11Future VerbsVerbs which tell about actions which are going to happen are future tense verbs.We will awaken at six a.m.Will awaken is a future tense verb because the action has not yet happened.
12Future tense verbsFuture tense verbs use special words to talk about things that will happen: will, going to, shall, aim to, etc.going to startwill enjoyshall
13Helping Verbs Elmer was using the computer. A helping verb works with a main verb to help you understand what action is taking place.Elmer was using the computer.
1423 Helping Verbs may might must be being been am are is was were (main)do does didshould could wouldhave had haswill can shall
15Other things to keep in mind: Helping VerbsOther things to keep in mind:Not every sentence will have a helping verb with the main verb.When you see an "ing" verb such as "running", be on the lookout for a helping verb also.
16Helping VerbsSometimes there is another word which separates the helping verb from the main verb. One common example is "not", as in: The boy couldn't find his socks. The helping verb is could and the main verb is find.
17Helping VerbsA sentence may contain up to three helping verbs to the main verb. An example would be: The dog must have been chasing the cat. The helping verbs are: must, have, and been; the main verb is chasing.
18What Are Linking Verbs?Linking verbs act as an equals (=) sign in the sentence.The subject is not doing anything. Instead, it is or is like something else in the sentenceLinking verbs tell us that the subject has a word in the predicate that renames it (a noun) or describes it (an adjective)In other words, they are equal
19Examples of Linking Verbs Linking verbs include the forms of the verb to beis, am , was, were, are, be, being, beenLinking verbs are also related to the sensestastes, smells, looks, feels, sounds, seems, and more
20Linking Verbs in Action Get ready for some sentences that use linking verbsIn each, I’ll add arrows that show which words are linked, or equal, in the sentence
21Linking Verbs in Action Mr. Childers is the subjectMr. Childers is the nicest teacher in the school.Here is the linking verb
22Linking Verbs in Action Mr. Childers is the nicest teacher in the school.Think of the linking verb as an equals (=) sign
23Linking Verbs in Action Mr. Childers is the nicest teacher in the school.Mr. Childers equals what?Teacher is a noun in the predicate that renames the subject, so we call it a predicate nominative
24Important Note!A linking verb will always have a word in the predicate that it links to the subjectAlwaysYes, alwaysLet’s see how linking verbs work in some sentences
25Linking Verbs in Action Predicate AdjectiveSubjectThe trees are beautiful in the fall.Linking VerbThe verb are links an adjective in the predicate with the subject
26Linking Verbs in Action Predicate AdjectiveSubjectThe play was exciting.Linking VerbThe verb was links an adjective in the predicate with the subject
27Linking Verbs in Action Predicate AdjectiveSubjectIt seemed like a good idea at the time.Linking VerbThe verb seemed links a noun in the predicate with the subject
28Need Another ClueFollowing are a few other ways to figure out if the word is a linking verb.
29SubstitutionIf you can substitute is, am, or are for the word you think is a linking verb, and the sentence still makes sense…you are probably right!Let’s try that before we quit
30The pie smells delicious Is, Am, AreHere is a sentenceThe pie smells deliciousIf we think smells is a linking verb, let’s substitute one of our words and see if it still makes sense
31Is, Am, Are The pie is delicious Here is a sentenceThe pie is deliciousThe sentence still makes sense, so smells is a linking verb
32The meatloaf smells like it is overcooked. Is, Am, AreNow let’s try one that doesn’t workThe meatloaf smells like it is overcooked.We still have smells as a verbLet’s substitute again
33Let’s Re-CapLinking verbs act as equal (=) signs between a noun in the subject and a noun or adjectiveLinking verbs do NOT show actionLinking verbs tell us that something is or is like something elseWe can substitute is, am, or are to see if a verb is linking
34The meatloaf is like it is overcooked. Is, Am, AreThe meatloaf is like it is overcooked.This time is doesn’t make sense, so the verb is not a linking verb
36Linking verb Song Lyrics` Am, is, are, was, were, has been have been, had been, shall be, will be might have been, should have been, would have been, are the forms of be. Appear, become, seem, look, feel, grow remain, sound, taste, are the verbs we know. They are linking verbs, they are linking verbs, it's so easy that it's absurd.
37Practice.In chapter 1 and 2 of your novel “Cat Ate My Gymsuit” write a list of all the action and linking verbs that you can find.Create a “T-Chart”Action or linkingWordDefinition