2 In general… Clauses and phrases are the building blocks of sentences Every sentence must have at least one clause to be considered grammatically correct
3 Clauses A clause is a subject and predicate working together. Ex: I took the dog to the park.Ex: I love learning, so I spend a lot of time reading.
4 Independent Clausea group of words that contains a subject and verb and expresses a complete thought.An independent clause is a sentence.Example:Jim studied in the Sweet Shop for his chemistry quiz.
5 Dependent Clausea group of words that contains a subject and verb but does not express a complete thoughtA dependent clause cannot be a sentence.
6 Dependent Clause Example When Jim studied in the Sweet Shop for his chemistry quiz.Often but not always, a dependent clause starts with a common dependent marker: after, although, as, as if, because, before, even if, even though, if, in order to, since, though, unless, until, whatever, when, whenever, whether, and while.
7 PhrasesA phrase is a group of words related to the subject, predicate or object.Phrases do not contain a subject and a predicatePhrases provide additional information about subject/predicate and objectsPhrases describes how something is done OR it describes something
8 Phrase ExamplesAfter working late into the night, Jack fell asleep on his desk.I left my keys inside of Whole Foods, my favorite grocery store.