Presentation on theme: "Music of the Baroque Period"— Presentation transcript:
1Music of the Baroque Period An in-depth look at the music that revolutionized mankind’s appreciation of music.
2Connections to other arts The music of the time can be compared to the visual art of the time.Descriptors: excess, ornamentation, contrasts, tensions, and energy.Music was used in the new dance form ballet.
3Johan Sebastian Bach (1685 – 1750) Known as JS Bach, as many other “Bachs” existed.Originally known for playing the organ, not his compositions.Reflects the complexity of the Baroque period.Intelligent music that is technically challenging.Wrote for choir, keyboard and orchestraHe is remembered for his cantatas.
4Bach’s Worksclearly reflects the Baroque characteristic of making things complex.Bach wrote for the harpsichord and the organ (the piano was not yet widely in use).
5CantataA musical work that consists of several pieces of music that are related to each other by their texts.Written for choir, with soloists, and instrumental accompaniment.Took around 25 minutes to perform, sacred or secular text, written and sung in German.Use of the fugue is found in many of the choral movements.Bach wrote one for every Sunday while working for the Protestant church, and an additional one for ever major church holiday.
6Characteristics of a fugue: Main musical idea (melody) introduced in one voice, called the subject. (voice in choir, instrumental section, part of the keyboard)After the first voice performs the “subject” it enters its own melody, and the second voice begins the original melody. This continues through 4 voices.Eventually, all voices interact with one another until the end of the piece, where all the voices stop on a cadence (final chord).
7Bach’s Most Famous Work: The Well Tempered Clavier, Book 1 and 2Each book contains 24 pieces, each consisting of a prelude and a fugue.prelude: introduction (pre / ludere)player demonstrates skillfugue: music on which one must think and interpret.
8George Frideric Handel (1685 – 1759) Born in Germany as well, but moved abroad to study in Italy.Eventually settled in England and became known as a composer of operas and oratorios.
9More about Handel…Unlike Bach, Handel was known for his compositions, and was frequently asked to write music for public occasions, such as fireworks displays.His most famous Oratorio is The Messiah.
10What’s an Oratorio? Similar to a cantata: They are both extended works for choir and soloist with instrumental accompaniment that are performed without scenery and costumes.Sung in the language of the people, German or possibly English.
11Differences between a Cantata and an Oratorio… Oratorio is much longer than a cantataOratorio usually tells a religious storyNot performed as part of the church serviceIt is a sacred story or subject using poetic text but NOT text from the BibleFollow typical plot construction of: exposition, conflict climax, and resolution
12Handel’s Most Famous Work: Messiah an OratorioThe first Section, The Messiah is widely performed at Christmas each year.Most famous section is The Hallelujah Chorus
13The music of Bach and Handel reflects the characteristics of the Baroque age in many ways the Catholic Church was no longer the dominant religion in every European countryIn Germany, Bach wrote cantatas for the Lutheran church serviceIn England oratorios were performed as special music concerts as an alternative to operaThe music of Bach and Handel shows greater changes in dynamics and tone color to express a greater range of emotions.
14Jean Baptiste Lully (1632-1687) Florentine born French ComposerSpent most of his career working for Louis XIVConsidered the master of French Baroque music
15A Little more on Lully Disavowed any Italian influence in French music Became a French citizen in 1661Died in quasi-disgrace as music and political/social tastes changed
16Lully’s Secular MusicLully's music is known for its power, liveliness in its fast movements and its deep emotional character in its sad movements.Lully created French-style opera as a musical genre: tragédie en musique or tragédie lyrique
17Lully’s Sacred MusicLully's grand motets were written for the royal chapel, usually for vespers or for the king's daily low mass.Lully did not invent the genre, he built upon it.Grand motets often were psalm settings
18Final Thoughts:Their music explored only one emotion for an entire piece of music.The use of the fugue demonstrates the tendency toward anything elaborate and ornate.