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Mr. Giesler American History. Topics We Will Examine  Jeffersonian Democracy  Limited Central Government and Pro States Rights  Judicial powers strengthen.

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Presentation on theme: "Mr. Giesler American History. Topics We Will Examine  Jeffersonian Democracy  Limited Central Government and Pro States Rights  Judicial powers strengthen."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mr. Giesler American History

2 Topics We Will Examine  Jeffersonian Democracy  Limited Central Government and Pro States Rights  Judicial powers strengthen  Territorial expansion

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4 Jeffersonian Democracy Abandoned Aristocratic Democracy TTYN: What is an Aristocrat? Jefferson: The Founder of American Democracy?  Wrote the Declaration of Independence  Led and largely created the Republican Party, by which the Federalists, who were anti-democratic, were unseated  First President who believed in democracy and sought to establish it Jefferson – A democrat for the people, not of the people!

5 Jeffersonian Democracy Thomas Jefferson biographer once wrote that “there were probably twice of thrice many four-horse carriages in Virginia before the revolution as there are at present time; but the number of two-horse carriages may be ten, or even twenty times as great as at the former period.” TTYN: What does this statement illustrate? The Progress of Democracy

6 Jeffersonian Democracy TTYN: Read the passage below. What is Jefferson telling the reader? The ‘real’ meaning. “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. — That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, — That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it.”

7 Jeffersonian Democracy The Meaning of Jefferson’s Democracy  When he says “self-evident,” he means it.  The essence of virtue is in doing good to others  Believed in the innate goodness of man that gives the basis for his liberalism  Believed that most men, on the whole, will follow their consciences.  For a few exceptions, laws may be necessary; but in the main, liberty is all that is needful for the promotion of human happiness.  Favored democracy by the masses  Faith in the common man  Strict interpretation of the constitution  Favored a nation of farmers

8 Jeffersonian Democracy Clash With Hamilton  Hoped plutocracy would evolve into aristocracy  Corruption as the best method for causing plutocracy to prevail over democracy  Argued that the President and Senators should be chosen for life.  leader of the Federalists  Hamilton advocated the growth of manufactures  Child Labor was good  Dislike democracy  Admired England and aimed at making America resemble  Jefferson stood for democracy and agriculture, Hamilton for aristocracy and urban wealth

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10 Limited Central Government and Pro State Rights Repealed the Alien and Sedition Acts TTYN: What were the Alien and Sedition Acts? The Alien and Sedition Acts  1798 the United States was at the brink of war with France (XYZ Affair)  Federalists believed that Democratic-Republican criticism of Federalist policies was disloyal and feared that aliens living in the United States would sympathize with the French during a war.  Federalist-controlled Congress passed four laws, known as the Alien and Sedition Acts.  Raised the residency requirements for citizenship from 5 to 14 years  Authorized the President to deport aliens  Permitted the arrest, imprisonment, and deportation of aliens during wartime.  The Sedition Act made it a crime for American citizens to "print, utter, or publish..any false, scandalous, and malicious writing" about the Government.  The laws were directed against Democratic-Republicans, the party typically favored by new citizens

11 Limited Central Government and Pro State Rights Whiskey Rebellion  Excise tax imposed on whiskey in 1791 by the federal government, farmers in the western counties of Pennsylvania engaged in a series of attacks on excise agents.  Jefferson believed that the purpose of government is to protect the “unalienable rights” of its citizens, and that these rights include “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.”  People have the right to rebel  Believed a little rebellion now and then was a good thing “…a medicine necessary for “the sound health of government.” “the first error was to pass it (the whiskey tax); the second was to enforce it; and the third, to make it the means of splitting this Union.”

12 Limited Central Government and Pro State Rights  Jefferson believed that local government was most important  Believed that the emphasis for government should concentrate within the county and state  While President, Jefferson slashed government expenditures “I am not a friend to a very energetic government. It is always oppressive.” “Most bad government has grown out of too much government”  Reduced the national debt  Reduced the size of the military  Although Jefferson condemned Hamilton’s Financial Plan, he did authorize to incorporate the United State Bank

13 Jefferson on Judicial Powers  Judiciary act of 1801 (Jefferson repealed  Adams appointment of federal judges  Appt of Marbury  Jud Act of 1789  Compelled court to deliver commissions  Marbury v. Madison  Congress had no constitutional right to give federal courts the powers of Jud. Act  Supreme Court Chief John Marshall  Concept of Judicial Review  Right of supreme court to determine the validity of laws  The courts had the right to nullify an act of congress

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15 Territorial Expansion  France forced Spain to relinquish claims to North America interior  Louisiana Purchase 1803; cost 15M  France sold to help fund Napoleons war  Mississippi to the Rockies  13 states will result  Lewis and Clark  Missouri to Columbia TTYN: Does the Louisiana Purchase depict Jefferson as an hypocrite? In other words, isn’t this “huge” purchase a symbol of ‘big’ government?

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