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Chapter 6 Vocabulary Identify the following for homework. 1. Judiciary Act of 1783 2. Alexander Hamilton 3. Cabinet 4. National bank 5. Republican 6. 2-party.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 6 Vocabulary Identify the following for homework. 1. Judiciary Act of 1783 2. Alexander Hamilton 3. Cabinet 4. National bank 5. Republican 6. 2-party."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 6 Vocabulary Identify the following for homework. 1. Judiciary Act of Alexander Hamilton 3. Cabinet 4. National bank 5. Republican 6. 2-party system 7. Protective tariff 8. Excise tax 9. Neutrality 10. Edmond Genet 11. Thomas Pinckney 12. Little Turtle 13. John Jay 14. Sectionalism 15. XYZ Affair 16. Alien and Sedition Acts 17. Nullification 18. Aaron Burr 19. Judiciary Act of Midnight Judge 21. Marbury v. Madison 22. Judicial review 23. Louisiana Purchase 24. Lewis and Clark 25. Sacajawea

2 Launching the New Nation

3 The New Government Takes Shape “We are in the wilderness without a single footstep to guide us.” – James Madison “We are in the wilderness without a single footstep to guide us.” – James Madison Bold experiment – theories of Enlightened thinkers – John Locke Bold experiment – theories of Enlightened thinkers – John Locke George Washington is elected unanimously George Washington is elected unanimously

4 Judicial System Judiciary Act of 1789 Judiciary Act of 1789  Supreme Court had 1 chief justice and 5 associate justices  allowed state courts to appeal to federal courts when constitutional issues were raised Ensured the Supreme Court was the “Law of the land” Ensured the Supreme Court was the “Law of the land”

5 Executive Branch Executive Departments Executive Departments  Department of State – deal with foreign affairs Thomas Jefferson Thomas Jefferson  Department of War – military Henry Knox Henry Knox  Department of Treasury – finances Alexander Hamilton Alexander Hamilton Became known as the cabinet and his chief advisors Became known as the cabinet and his chief advisors

6 Hamilton vs. Jefferson Strong central government led by powerful elite Strong central government led by powerful elite Favored commerce and industry Favored commerce and industry Loose interpretation of government Loose interpretation of government Nat. bank constitutional Nat. bank constitutional Distrusted strong central government and rich Distrusted strong central government and rich Favored state and local governments Favored state and local governments Favored farmer- citizens Favored farmer- citizens Feared absolute ruler Feared absolute ruler Strict interpretation of government Strict interpretation of government Nat. bank unconstitutional Nat. bank unconstitutional

7 Hamilton’s Plan National government would take the states debt National government would take the states debt Create national bank Create national bank Southern states opposed the plan – move capital to DC Southern states opposed the plan – move capital to DC

8 Political Parties 2 parties formed 2 parties formed  Why? The power & size of federal gov. vs. state & local gov. Federalists –strong central government Federalists –strong central government Republicans –strong state government, agrarian (farming) economy, limited central gov. & power of the people Republicans –strong state government, agrarian (farming) economy, limited central gov. & power of the people Do you think Washington supported the parties? Do you think Washington supported the parties?

9 Whiskey Rebellion Congress (Hamilton) placed excise tax on whiskey Congress (Hamilton) placed excise tax on whiskey Many farmers relied on whiskey sales Many farmers relied on whiskey sales Farmers in Western PA rebelled Farmers in Western PA rebelled Federal government showed power over domestic issues Federal government showed power over domestic issues

10 French-American Alliances Treaty of 1778 Treaty of 1778 French expected help during the French Revolution French expected help during the French Revolution  Divided Americans Washington declared neutrality Washington declared neutrality Genet – French diplomat Genet – French diplomat

11 Relations with Spain US wanted lands west of the Appalachians and shipping rights on the Mississippi River US wanted lands west of the Appalachians and shipping rights on the Mississippi River  Area controlled by Spain Pinckney’s Treaty of 1795 Pinckney’s Treaty of 1795  Spain gave up all claims east of the Mississippi, opened the River & 31 st parallel to N. Florida Paved the way for US expansion Paved the way for US expansion

12 Other Relations US citizens clashed with Indians US citizens clashed with Indians Gov. bought land for much less than it was worth – Treaty of Greenville Gov. bought land for much less than it was worth – Treaty of Greenville


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