An African-American slave Led a slave revolt in Southampton County, Va. Killed 55 whites 100+ blacks were killed Turner was captured and executed
What were two effects of Nat Turner’s Rebellion? Increased Southern fears of Slave Rebellions Southern states passed stricter slave codes
Who proposed the Missouri Compromise? Henry Clay
What were the 3 parts of the Missouri Compromise?
Missouri became a slave state Maine became a free state Louisiana Territory was divided at the 36 degree, 30 minute parallel; north of the line must be free territory; south of the line could be slave territory
How many U.S. senators does each state have? Two
What balance did the Missouri Compromise maintain? Balance of power in Senate between the North and the SouthBalance of power in Senate between the North and the South
Who proposed the Compromise of 1850? Henry ClayHenry Clay
Who have historians called the “Great Compromiser”? Henry Clay
What were the key points of the Compromise of 1850?
California became a free state Stronger fugitive slave law Abolished the slave trade, but not slavery itself, in the District of Columbia Created the Utah and New Mexico territories; decide slavery by popular sovereignty
Made it easier for slave catchers to capture and return runaway slavesMade it easier for slave catchers to capture and return runaway slaves Required escaped slaves to be forcibly returned to their owners in the SouthRequired escaped slaves to be forcibly returned to their owners in the South
Who hated the Fugitive Slave Act? NorthernersNortherners
What was popular sovereignty? The people of a territory would decide whether they wanted slavery
Who proposed the Kansas-Nebraska Act? Stephen Douglas, Democrat (Illinois)Stephen Douglas, Democrat (Illinois)
Created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska Said popular sovereignty would decide slavery in both Kansas and Nebraska Since both Kansas and Nebraska were north of the Missouri Compromise line, the Kansas- Nebraska Act repealed the Missouri Compromise
What effect did the Kansas- Nebraska Act have on the Missouri Compromise? The Kansas-Nebraska Act repealed the Missouri Compromise.
What broke out in the Kansas Territory? Civil war between pro- slavery and anti-slavery settlers
What adjective was used to describe Kansas in the mid-1850s? Bleeding Kansas
What political party was formed in opposition to the Kansas-Nebraska Act? The Republican Party
What were the two major results of the Kansas-Nebraska Act? Bleeding KansasBleeding Kansas Republican PartyRepublican Party
What was the Supreme Court’s decision in the Dred Scott case?
Since Dred Scott was a slave, he could not sue in federal court African-Americans were not citizens of the United States Since Congress had no power to prohibit slavery in the territories, the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional
What did the Dred Scott decision say about the Missouri Compromise? The Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional.
What power did the Supreme Court use in Dred Scott v. Sandford? The power of judicial review
In Dred Scott v. Sandford did the Supreme Court rule that Scott should remain a slave or gain his freedom? Remain a slave
Which section liked the Dred Scott decision, the North or the South? The South
Which group(s) liked the Dred Scott decision? Abolitionists? Republicans? Slaves? Slaveholders?