Presentation on theme: "EVENTS LEADING TO THE CIVIL WAR 1820’s to 1850’s."— Presentation transcript:
EVENTS LEADING TO THE CIVIL WAR 1820’s to 1850’s
Sectionalism During the 1820’s, the US went through a period of nationalism ( pride in one’s country) Then the country became concerned with issues related to their own states or sections of the country The country split itself in half. The North vs. the South.
Differences between the North vs. the South ( Sources of conflict) Differences between the North vs. the South ( Sources of conflict) North Industry developed Eli Whitney cotton gin Francis Cabot Lowell first textile factory Better Water Ways Better transportation for goods Financial Center - banks Liked protective tariff (protection against foreign South Plantation Labor Power with Plantation owners King Cotton Cotton is grown on cheap land Cotton is valuable source of money Opposed to taxation Wanted state bank rather than a national bank Opposed federal influence
Missouri Compromise 1820 Balance of power of slavery (11 free states / 11 slave states) Maine would be free. Missouri would be a slave state. Louisiana Territory at 36*30’ North would be closed to slavery.
Wilmot Proviso-1846 It proposed that slavery would not be allowed in Mexican cession states. It failed in the Senate. California put in its constitution no slavery.
Compromise of 1850 California. would be free Mexican states would be divided - they would decide if they wanted slaves Slave trade would end in D.C. but not slavery
Fugitive Slave Law (1850) Slaves could be mistreated if slaves ran away In federal courts, black suspects couldn’t testify and couldn’t have a jury.
Kansas - Nebraska Act (1854) Stephen Douglass - wrote a repeal to the Missouri Compromise Kansas and Nebraska would choose slavery
Bleeding Kansas-1854 pro/anti- slavery groups went to Kansas to influence the vote for slavery
Dredd Scott Case-1858 The abolitionists had Scott sue for his freedom. He was in a free state Supreme Court ruled that Scott was not a citizen and couldn’t use the court system to fight for his rights. The court ruled that slaves were property.
Debates between abolitionists (against slavery) and Pro-slavery groups ANTI-SLAVERY –Morally wrong –Cruel punishment –undemocratic PRO-SLAVERY Helped the economy Morally right Not human State rights
Abolitionists who wrote against slavery John Greenleaf Whittier William Lloyd Garrison - The Liberator Harriet Beecher Stowe - Uncle Tom’s Cabin Horace Greenley - N.Y. Tribune Frederick Douglass- a free slave who ran a newspaper that promoted Abolition issues. Harriet Tubman led the underground rail road (safe houses for freeing slaves)
Famous Abolitionists. Garrison, Douglass and Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln Represented the newly formed Republican Party The pledge to oppose the extension of slavery in new territories The pledge to appeal the Kansas- Nebraska Act.
John Brown’s Raid-1859 At Harper’s Ferry in VA, John Brown led a slave rebellion. He was fanatical abolitionist. He was hanged for treason.