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Hitler’s rise to power WW1-served 4 years. Injured and almost killed several times. Awarded Iron Cross two times for bravery. Spent end of war in hospital recovering from mustard gas. Blames insurrecting Jews and communists for Germany’s surrender.
Hitler’s rise to power After WW1, Hitler tries to attend art school, but they refuse to accept him, claiming his artwork didn’t meet their standards, with too much landscape scenery and not enough “people.”
Hitler’s rise to power Around the same time he’s rejected by the art school, his mother dies of cancer. Hitler is devasted.
Hitler’s rise to power Hitler begins to blame the Jews for all his problems….. “The Jews are why Germany surrendered.” “A Jewish doctor was unable to help my mother.” “It must have been a Jewish instructor that refused my entrance application…” “The Jews are trying to take over the world…”
Hitler’s rise to power Meanwhile, Germany is struggling due to Versailles Treaty conditions and depression. Mass unemployment and despair. Government unable to solve problems…
Hitler’s rise to power Army recruits Hitler to spy on different organizations that are against the government. Hitler ends up joining the German Worker's Party and his terrific speeches and creative advertisements lead to party succe$$... “Blame the Jews”
Hitler’s rise to power Hitler always arrived late which helped to develop tension and a sense of expectation. He took the stage, stood to attention and waited until there was complete silence before he started his speech. For the first few months Hitler appeared nervous and spoke haltingly. Slowly he would begin to relax and his style of delivery would change. He would start to rock from side to side and begin to gesticulate with his hands. His voice would get louder and become more passionate. Sweat poured of him, his face turned white, his eyes bulged and his voice cracked with emotion. He ranted and raved about the injustices done to Germany and played on his audience's emotions of hatred and envy. By the end of the speech the audience would be in a state of near hysteria and were willing to do whatever Hitler suggested. As soon as his speech finished Hitler would quickly leave the stage and disappear from view. Refusing to be photographed, Hitler's aim was to create an air of mystery about himself, hoping that it would encourage others to come and hear the man who was now being described as "the new Messiah".
Hitler’s rise to power The party becomes very popular and organized. Name is changed to National Socialist German Workers' Party - The Nazis. Introduction of the swastika symbol. Many of the loyal followers wear brown shirts. &
Hitler’s rise to power At a beer hall, Hitler convinces the Nazi party that the government must be changed…. Hitler and supporters try to take over the local government. This was called the “'Munich Putsch' They failed miserably and Hitler ended up with a broken arm and 5 years of jail. During the trial, Hitler takes advantage of his popularity to promote his political party, his hatred of the Jews and give reasons why Germany needs a change…
Hitler’s rise to power Hitler only spends 9 months in jail, using this time to write a book, “Mein Kampf” (my struggle). Book explains how Jews are cause for Germany’s problems and how Germany needs to be changed, removing communists. Jews must be eliminated and “Lebensraum ” (living space) must be created…
After prison, Hitler forms the Nazi army called Sturm Abteilung (Storm Section). The SA (also known as stormtroopers or brownshirts) were instructed to disrupt the meetings of political opponents and to protect Hitler from revenge attacks. Roehm and Hermann Goering, a former air-force pilot, became their leader. The SA wore brown shirts swastika armbands, ski-caps, and combat boots. Accompanied by bands of musicians and carrying swastika flags, they would parade through the streets of Munich. At the end of the march Hitler would make one of his passionate speeches that encouraged his supporters to carry out acts of violence against Jews and his left-wing political opponents.
Hitler’s rise to power Germany’s problems continue. Rampant inflation $16,000,000,000=$1USD (Shopping cart story) Price of stamps rising so quickly, they have to print new prices on the original stamps before using… By end of 1923, costs 2million deutchmarks to mail a letter.!
Hitler’s rise to power The Nazi party continues to run at every election, slowly gathering power based on their strategy of demanding changes, blaming the Jews and Hitler’s amazing speeches…
Hitler’s rise to power Nazi party gains up to 30% of the parliament, but still not enough for control. A week before the next election, the Reichstag is set on fire and destroyed. Nazis find a prominent communist nearby with matches and smelling of fuel… Video
Hitler’s rise to power Hitler uses this as an excuse to convince the German president, von Hindenburg, to appoint Hitler as chancellor to “protect” the government from communists. Hitler uses his new authority to pass the “Enabling Act”, basically giving him the power to create new laws…
Hitler’s rise to power Once president Hindenburg dies, Hitler creates a new position, combining both jobs and giving himself the title “Der Fuhrer.” (The Leader” So, Hitler is the new leader AND has the power to create new laws…what do you think he’s going to do?
Hitler’s rise to power One of the first things he does as Fuhrer is eliminate communist and socialist parties (bye-bye competition) and confiscates their $. Can only vote for Nazis now. Nazi power expands.
Hitler’s rise to power Hitler becomes nervous. Nazi’s S.A (brownshirts) now are over 2,000,000 and S.A. leaders are strong, especially Rohm. Hitler establishes a strong secret police force called the S.S. (gestapo). Role of S.S. is to stop anyone from saying anything negative about Hitler and his new government. The S.S. are considered superior to the S.A. and give blackshirts.
Hitler’s rise to power One of the first tasks assigned to the S.S. was to eliminate any possible competition from the S.A. leaders. They execute over 70 S.A.leaders and force the remainding S.A. to pledge an oath of allegiance to Hitler. This becomes known as the “Night of the long knives” and shows that Hitler can get away with murder. “Now they salute with both hands.”
Hitler’s rise to power I swear by almighty God this sacred oath: I will render unconditional obedience to the Fuehrer of the German Reich and people, Adolf Hitler, Supreme Commander of the Wehrmacht, and, as a brave soldier, I will be ready at any time to stake my life for this oath." “Your turn….”
The Führer is always right! Never go against discipline! In battle be hard and silent! Spirit is not unruliness! That which promotes the movement, Germany, and your people, is right! If you act according to these commandments, you are a true soldier of your Führer. Nazi principles:
Nazi slogans: Heil Hitler! “Hail Hitler!” "Ein Volk, ein Reich, ein Führer!" "One people, one nation, one leader!". "Deutschland, erwache!" "Germany, Awake!" "Die Juden sind unser Unglück!" "The Jews are our misfortune!" "Lang lebe unser ruhmvoller Führer!" “Long live our glorious leader!" "Heute Deutschland, morgen die Welt!" "Today Germany, tomorrow the world!" "Die Deutschen immer vor dem Ausländer und den Juden!" "The German always before the foreigner and the Jews!" "Sicher ist der Jude auch ein Mann, aber der Floh ist auch ein Tier" "Certainly the Jew is also a man, but the flea is also an animal". "Arbeit; Freiheit; Brot" "Work; Freedom; Bread"
Hitler uses propaganda to make him appear friendly:
Hitler’s rise to power Hitler has officially transformed Germany into a totalitarian state…