Presentation on theme: "Hitler and the Rise of Nazi Germany"— Presentation transcript:
1Hitler and the Rise of Nazi Germany Objective 1: Identify the reasons for Hitler’s rise to power in Germany.Objective 2: Explain how Hitler made Germany a totalitarian state.
2Hitler’s secret police. The Night of Broken Glass, when Nazi-led mobs attacked Jewish communitiesThe government Hitler overthrew was the ___ Republic.The ____ Valley was a coal-rich area that was occupied by the French.Hitler’s manifesto (book)Kristallnacht b. Mein Kampf c. Nurembergd. Ruhr e. Weimar f. Gestapo
3Nazi laws against the Jews. Hitler’s Manifesto (book)The government Hitler overthrew was the ___ Republic.The ____ Valley was a coal-rich area that was occupied by the French.The Night of Broken Glass, when Nazi-led mobs attacked Jewish communitiesKristallnacht b. Mein Kampf c. Nurembergd. Ruhr e. Weimar f. Gestapo
4Adolf Hitler ( )Born in Austria-Hungary, moved to Munich in 1913 (art school)Served in German Army during WWI, wounded late in the war and never understood why Germany surrenderedAfter the war joined the German workers party and by 1921 was its leading spokesman
5Hitler’s Rise to PowerWeimar Government was attacked from both the Left (too much authority) and the Right (too weak)From Nazi’s had tried to create a social and political revolution out of economic hardship (based on resentment)Used the SA under Ernst Roehm (Brown Shirts) to intimidate1922 party membership way up (10x) so he decided it was time to try and seize power
6The Beer Hall Putsch November 1923 Inspired by Mussolini’s success Hitler and Eric Ludendorf attempted to overthrow the Bavarian government (Munich)Hitler was tried for treason and sentenced to 5 years in jail (served less than 1)The trial was great PR for his messageWhile in jail wrote Mein KampfBlamed WW1 loss on Jews, Marxists, corrupt politicians , and business leadersIdea of Lebensraum “living space”
9Good Times, Bad Times…The economic recovery of the Dawes Plan led to a down time for the Nazi Party, but…World wide depression6 million unemployed in Germany by 1932 (43% of workforce)“Hitler Time”: Nazi promises of national recovery, exciting change and personal advancement were now very enticing
13Hitler and the Rise of Nazi Germany Objective 1: To identify how Hitler solidified power.Objective 2: To identify and explain how Hitler made Germany a totalitarian state.
14Rise of Nazi Party to National Power (Reichstag elections-parliamentary) 1926 0% no seats in parliament1928 2.6% 12 out of 489 seats1930 19.6% 107 out of 547 seats1932 33.5% 196 out of 585 seatsWhat event made this possible?
15Nazi Party GrowthBy 1932 the Nazi party is the strongest in the Reichstag but do not yet have a majorityHitler was appointed chancellor by Hindenburg in January of 1933 by industrialists who thought they could control him and were fearful of communism
16Hitler Seizes Total Control Feb 1933: Reichstag building was mysteriously burned downHitler issues an emergency decree suspending civil libertiesMarch 1933: New election returns only 43.9% Nazi’s to the ReichstagHitler arrested Communists which gave him the majority, he wanted to control the ReichstagHe then issued the Enabling Act which allowed him to rule by decreeBy late June he has outlawed all other parties and controls all aspects of German societyPropaganda minister Joseph Goebels
18The Night of the Long Knives June 30-July : Hitler purges the SA and their leader Ernst RohmThey had become too powerful (1 mil active and 2 mil reserves) and posed a threat to the regular army1,000 people murdered without trials (Carried out by Heinrich Himmler and the SS (Schutzstaffel)August 2,1934 Hindenburg dies and Hitler combines the positions of Chancellor and President
19German Army – supports Hitler following the Night of the Long Knives The SA “Brown Shirts”The SA Leadership (Including Rohm)
20The Third Reich Third Reich utilized ideas of German nationalism Totalitarian state, with Gestapo as secret policeHitler Youth – indoctrination of childrenCreation of a state churchNazi Rally
22The Police State and Anti-Semitism Anti-Semitic laws1933: Jews excluded from civil service and Jewish shops are boycotted1935: The Nuremberg Laws took away citizenship (legal exclusion, i.e. can’t marry non-Jews, attend German schools, hold government jobs or practice law)1938: Kristallnacht The beginning of state sanctioned violence against the Jews. Synagogues and shops burned