Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

How did Hitler turn the Chancellorship into a dictatorship by 1934?

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "How did Hitler turn the Chancellorship into a dictatorship by 1934?"— Presentation transcript:

1

2 How did Hitler turn the Chancellorship into a dictatorship by 1934?

3 Treaty of Versailles Black Tuesday stock market crashes Great Depression during 1930s Increasing influence of new political parties that emphasize state control - For example: Communism, Nazism, Fascism Total Control of State by a Dictator

4 January 1933 The depression after the Wall Street Crash made many more people vote for the Nazis. In 1933 Von Papen convinced Hindenburg that Hitler should become Chancellor.

5 February 1933

6  The Reichstag building burnt down.  A communist was found inside the building. He admitted responsibility.  Chancellor Hitler was able to convince people that the Communists were trying to take power by terrorism.  He was able to have the Communists banned from the Reichstag.

7 March 1933 HITLER CAN RULE ALONE FOR FOUR YEARS. THERE IS NO NEED TO CONSULT THE REICHSTAG. With the Communists banned from the Reichstag Hitler was able to pass:

8 THE ENABLING ACT GAVE HITLER THE POWER TO MAKE HIS OWN LAWS. SO, HE BANNED ALL OTHER POLITICAL PARTIES! SPD- Social Democrats KPD- Communists DDP- German Democratic Zentrum- German Centre Party (Catholic)

9

10 June 1934 Now I have got rid of opposition political groups, I can now deal with opposition in my party. Ernst Rohm (an old friend), head of the S.A. is very unpopular with the German army leaders. They have the power to overthrow me.I ’ ve been worried about Rohm for a while, so this is a good excuse.

11 The Night of the Long Knives  Hitler had to get rid of Rohm. He was too much of a threat.  On the night of 30 th June 1934 Hitler ’ s S.S. killed over 1000 SA members including Rohm.  The army were pleased.  Hitler had gained the support of the army.

12 August 1934 A final note PRESIDENT HINDENBURG ’ S DEATH GAVE HITLER THE OPPORTUNITY TO COMBINE THE ROLE OF CHANCELLOR AND PRESIDENT. HE CALLED HIMSELF ‘ DER FUHRER ’.

13 Every soldier swore a personal oath of loyalty to ADOLF HITLER.

14

15 HITLER BECAME CHANCELLOR THE REICHSTAG FIRE THE ENABLING ACT THE NIGHT OF THE LONG KNIVES DEATH OF PRESIDENT HINDENBURG OATH OF LOYALTY TO HITLER

16

17 GESTAPO: the Secret State Police GESTAPO: the Secret State Police SS (Schutzstaffel): Defense Corps “black shirts”, an elite guard unit formed out of the SA SA (Sturmabteilung): Stormtroopers "brown-shirts" early private Nazi army that protected leaders and opposed rival political parties SA (Sturmabteilung): Stormtroopers "brown-shirts" early private Nazi army that protected leaders and opposed rival political parties Lebensraum (living space): concept that emphasized need for territorial expansion of Germany into east Lebensraum (living space): concept that emphasized need for territorial expansion of Germany into east Wehrmacht : German army Wehrmacht : German army HJ (Hitler Jugend): Hitler Youth HJ (Hitler Jugend): Hitler Youth Einstazgruppen : Nazi Death Squad; mobile killing units Einstazgruppen : Nazi Death Squad; mobile killing units Volk: all inclusive concept of nation, people and race, implying the superiority of German culture and race; led to policy of Volksgemeinschaft (idea of a harmonized racial Nazi community in government policies and programs) Volk: all inclusive concept of nation, people and race, implying the superiority of German culture and race; led to policy of Volksgemeinschaft (idea of a harmonized racial Nazi community in government policies and programs)

18

19

20

21

22 This Nazi propaganda poster reads, ‘Behind the enemy powers: the Jew. “The Eternal Jew” Depiction of a Jew holding gold coins in one hand and a whip in the other. Under his arm is a map of the world, with the imprint of the hammer and sickle. Posters like this promoted a sharp rise in anti-Semitic feelings, and in some cases violence against the Jewish community.

23


Download ppt "How did Hitler turn the Chancellorship into a dictatorship by 1934?"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google