Presentation on theme: "How did Hitler turn the Chancellorship into a Dictatorship by 1934?"— Presentation transcript:
1 How did Hitler turn the Chancellorship into a Dictatorship by 1934? Aim – to learn 6 steps Hitler took to Dictatorship.A.O.D = AO1, Depth Study Knowledge
2 Der Fuhrer Chancellor to Dictator = 6 main points….. HITLER THE BECAME REICHSTAGFIRETHEEMERGENCYLAWTHEENABLINGACTDer FuhrerOATH OFLOYALTYTOHITLERDEATH OFPRESIDENTHINDENBURGELIMINATEOPPOSITION- THE NIGHTOF THELONGKNIVESREMOVAL OFOPPOSITIONBANNINGOTHERPOLITICALPARTIES
3 Hitler became Chancellor January 1933 The depression after the Wall Street Crash made many more people vote for the Nazis. In 1933 Von Papen convinced Hindenburg that Hitler should become Chancellor.Hitler becameChancellorJanuary 1933
5 TASK 1Watch the PowerPoint and fill in the gaps on your sheet to make basic notes on the SIX steps of F.L.A.M.E.D.
6 The Reichstag Fire27th Feb 1933 the Reichstag building was set on fire!A Dutch Communist Marinus van der Lubbe was found by police inside the building.Chancellor Hitler claimed the fire was proof Communists were plotting to take control of the government by terrorism.He persuaded Hindenburg to pass an emergency decree giving Chancellor Hitler special powers!February 1933F
7 L The Emergency Law Hitler demanded – The suspension of all articles in theconstitution which guaranteed personalfreedom.That all Communist leaders be removedfrom the Reichstag.L
8 The Emergency law ended– Freedom of SpeechFreedom od the PressFreedom of Assembly
9 A The Enabling Act THIS WASN’T ENOUGH FOR HITLER HE WANTED THE ENABLING ACTPASSED WHICH WOULD ALLOW HIMTO MAKE DECISIONS WITHOUTCONSULTING THE REICHSTAG! To getthe law passed Hitler needed the support of2/3’s of the Reichstag. How would he get it?A
10 STEP 1. He tried to gain as many seats as possible in election. The next election took place on the5th March The Nazis failed to get an over-allmajority.Nazis seatsNationalistsSocial Democrats (SPD)CommunistsCentre Party seats inOthers total.
11 STEP 2. Hitler persuaded another party the Nationalists to support him. STEP 3. The other parties were dealt with by banning the Communists and intimidating the Social Democrats.
12 A The Enabling Act WAS VOTED UPON AND PASSED BY 444 VOTES TO 94! HITLER CANRULE ALONEFOR FOURYEARS. THEREIS NO NEED TOCONSULT THEREICHSTAG.March 1933A
17 The Night of the Long Knives Now I have got rid of opposition political groups, I can now deal with opposition in my party. Ernst Rohm (an old friend), head of the S.A. is very unpopular with the German army leaders. They have the power to overthrow me.I’ve been worried about Rohm for a while, so this is a good excuse.June 1934
18 The Night of the Long Knives Hitler had to get rid of Rohm. He was too much of a threat.On the night of 30th June 1934 Hitler’s S.S. killed over 1000 SA members including Rohm.The army were pleased.Hitler had gained the support of the army.
19 D The death of President Hindenburg A final note PRESIDENT HINDENBURG’SDEATH GAVE HITLER THEOPPORTUNITY TO COMBINETHE ROLE OF CHANCELLORAND PRESIDENT. HE CALLEDHIMSELF ‘DER FUHRER’.August 1934D
20 Oath of loyalty to Adolf Hitler Every soldier swore a personal oath of loyalty to ADOLF HITLER.
22 Task 2So far you have only looked at a basic explanation of how Hitler turned Germany into a Dictatorship.We are going to go through F.L.A.M.E.D. in more depth starting with the Reichstag FireAs you complete the tasks set your source and communication skill should improve.TURN TO PAGES 64 & 65 IN YOUR GERMANY SHP TEXT BOOK OR TO THE RELEVANT SECTIONS IN THE WALSH BOOK OR OTHER TEXT.