Presentation on theme: "How did Hitler turn the Chancellorship into a Dictatorship by 1934? Aim – to learn 6 steps Hitler took to Dictatorship. A.O.D = AO1, Depth Study Knowledge."— Presentation transcript:
How did Hitler turn the Chancellorship into a Dictatorship by 1934? Aim – to learn 6 steps Hitler took to Dictatorship. A.O.D = AO1, Depth Study Knowledge
HITLER BECAME CHANCELLOR THE REICHSTAG FIRE THE EMERGENCY LAW ELIMINATE OPPOSITION - THE NIGHT OF THE LONG KNIVES DEATH OF PRESIDENT HINDENBURG OATH OF LOYALTY TO HITLER Chancellor to Dictator = 6 main points….. REMOVAL OF OPPOSITION -BANNING OTHER POLITICAL PARTIES THE ENABLING ACT
January 1933 The depression after the Wall Street Crash made many more people vote for the Nazis. In 1933 Von Papen convinced Hindenburg that Hitler should become Chancellor.
February 1933 F
TASK 1 Watch the PowerPoint and fill in the gaps on your sheet to make basic notes on the SIX steps of F.L.A.M.E.D.
February 1933 27 th Feb 1933 the Reichstag building was set on fire! A Dutch Communist Marinus van der Lubbe was found by police inside the building. Chancellor Hitler claimed the fire was proof Communists were plotting to take control of the government by terrorism. He persuaded Hindenburg to pass an emergency decree giving Chancellor Hitler special powers! F
Hitler demanded – The suspension of all articles in the constitution which guaranteed personal freedom. That all Communist leaders be removed from the Reichstag. L
The Emergency law ended– Freedom of Speech Freedom od the Press Freedom of Assembly
THIS WASN’T ENOUGH FOR HITLER HE WANTED THE ENABLING ACT PASSED WHICH WOULD ALLOW HIM TO MAKE DECISIONS WITHOUT CONSULTING THE REICHSTAG! To get the law passed Hitler needed the support of 2/3’s of the Reichstag. How would he get it? A
STEP 1. He tried to gain as many seats as possible in election. The next election took place on the 5 th March The Nazis failed to get an over-all majority. Nazis 288 seats Nationalists 52 Social Democrats (SPD) 120 Communists Centre Party 74 seats in Others 32 total.
STEP 2. Hitler persuaded another party the Nationalists to support him. STEP 3. The other parties were dealt with by banning the Communists and intimidating the Social Democrats.
March 1933 HITLER CAN RULE ALONE FOR FOUR YEARS. THERE IS NO NEED TO CONSULT THE REICHSTAG. WAS VOTED UPON AND PASSED BY 444 VOTES TO 94! A
THE ENABLING ACT GAVE HITLER THE POWER TO MAKE HIS OWN LAWS. SO, HE BANNED ALL OTHER POLITICAL PARTIES!
June 1934 Now I have got rid of opposition political groups, I can now deal with opposition in my party. Ernst Rohm (an old friend), head of the S.A. is very unpopular with the German army leaders. They have the power to overthrow me.I’ve been worried about Rohm for a while, so this is a good excuse.
The Night of the Long Knives Hitler had to get rid of Rohm. He was too much of a threat. On the night of 30 th June 1934 Hitler’s S.S. killed over 1000 SA members including Rohm. The army were pleased. Hitler had gained the support of the army.
August 1934 A final note PRESIDENT HINDENBURG’S DEATH GAVE HITLER THE OPPORTUNITY TO COMBINE THE ROLE OF CHANCELLOR AND PRESIDENT. HE CALLED HIMSELF ‘DER FUHRER’. D
Every soldier swore a personal oath of loyalty to ADOLF HITLER.
Task 2 So far you have only looked at a basic explanation of how Hitler turned Germany into a Dictatorship. We are going to go through F.L.A.M.E.D. in more depth starting with the Reichstag Fire As you complete the tasks set your source and communication skill should improve. TURN TO PAGES 64 & 65 IN YOUR GERMANY SHP TEXT BOOK OR TO THE RELEVANT SECTIONS IN THE WALSH BOOK OR OTHER TEXT.