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Hitler’s rise to power. The Weimar Constitution is adopted. The constitution creates separate executive, judicial, and legislative branches of government.

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Presentation on theme: "Hitler’s rise to power. The Weimar Constitution is adopted. The constitution creates separate executive, judicial, and legislative branches of government."— Presentation transcript:

1 Hitler’s rise to power

2 The Weimar Constitution is adopted. The constitution creates separate executive, judicial, and legislative branches of government so that one group or person cannot hold all of the power. 1919

3 The constitution includes article 48.. This article allows the president to make rules without the consent of the parliament and to suspend civil rights, like freedom of speech, in order to protect public safety and article 48

4 The Nazi party wins 37% of votes. The Nazis become the most powerful political party in Germany, even though over half of the German citizens did not vote for them. July 1932

5 The Nazi party wins 33% of the votes and still have more seats in the Reichstag than any other political party. Nov 1932

6 German President Paul Von Hindenburg understands that he will need the support of the Nazi party to get any laws passed. As a result of the success of the Nazi party in the elections, President Hindenburg appoints Hitler to the position of chancellor – the head of parliament. Jan 1933

7 Hitler speaks to the German people regarding the new government. A parade is held in his honor. Feb 1933

8 The Reichstag (parliament) building is set on fire. Hitler quickly blames the communists, a rival political party. Feb 1933

9 Using the fire as a justification, Hitler convinces President Hindenburg to invoke article 48 of the Weimar Constitution in order to protect public safety. Feb 1933

10 Hitler uses the emergency power of the president to issue two laws for “public safety”. The first law allows the government to search and confiscate private property. The second law allows him to arrest anyone belonging to rival political parties (especially communists). Article 48 says these laws do not have to be approved by the Reichstag. Feb 1933

11 Hitler creates a new government department, the Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda. The purpose is to spread Hitler’s ideas among the German people. Mar 1933

12 Hitler opens a jail for people he thinks are plotting to overthrow the government, especially members of the communists party. These jails were called “concentration camps because they concentrated on a particular group of “undesirable” people. Mar 1933

13 Hitler announces the Enabling Act, which is approved by the Reichstag. This act gives Hitler dictatorial powers for four years. It allows Hitler to punish anyone he considers an enemy of the state. It says that Hitler can pass laws that go against the constitution. Some members of parliament do not agree with the law, but many opponents are in jail or in hiding. Mar 1933

14 Hitler organizes a secret state police called the Gestapo to “protect public safety and order.” Gestapo police can arrest people and place them in jail without any oversight by a court or judge. Apr. 1933

15 Nazis begin holding public book burnings. Germans are asked to burn any books considered offensive to Germany, including books by Jewish authors. May 1933

16 President Hindenburg dies. Hitler proposes a new law that would combine the role of president and chancellor in a new position called the Fuhrer. He calls for a vote of the German people. Aug 1934

17 95% of registered voters in Germany go to the polls. 90% of these voters approve Hitler’s law making him the Fuhrer. Now Hitler can say that he became the supreme leader, or dictator, of Germany through the direct will of the people. Aug 1934

18  List (5) factors that contributed to the death of democracy and the rise of dictatorship in Germany. HOMEWORK


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