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How many dictators can you name? What makes a dictator?  starter activity.

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Presentation on theme: "How many dictators can you name? What makes a dictator?  starter activity."— Presentation transcript:

1 How many dictators can you name? What makes a dictator?  starter activity

2 How did Hitler establish a dictatorship so quickly? To be able to explain how Hitler went from Chancellor to Supreme Leader of Germany in only 18 months  Aims

3 On 30 January 1933, Hitler became Chancellor of Germany. What stopped him setting up a dictatorship immediately?

4 Limits to Hitler’s powers in 1933 He was only Chancellor NOT president of the Weimar Republic He was only Chancellor NOT president of the Weimar Republic Hitler owed his job to Hindenburg – he could sack him Hitler owed his job to Hindenburg – he could sack him Hindenburg was suspicious of Hitler as were members of the Elite Hindenburg was suspicious of Hitler as were members of the Elite Germany was a democracy – he could only make laws if the Reichstag approved Germany was a democracy – he could only make laws if the Reichstag approved Lacked a majority - Nazis were single largest party (Nov 1932, 196 seats/ 33% of vote) Lacked a majority - Nazis were single largest party (Nov 1932, 196 seats/ 33% of vote) Declining popularity - Nazis gained 37%/230 seats in Jul 1932 elections Declining popularity - Nazis gained 37%/230 seats in Jul 1932 elections

5  Your task Read about the steps by which Hitler took control of the German government using p of ‘Germany, ’. Complete the chart your teacher gives you. The first stage has been dome for you. Read about the steps by which Hitler took control of the German government using p of ‘Germany, ’. Complete the chart your teacher gives you. The first stage has been dome for you.

6 Reichstag Fire, 27 February 1933

7

8 1 March 1993, Protection Law

9 23 March Enabling Act

10 Gestapo formed, 7 April 1933

11 Trade unions banned, 2 May 1933

12 Non-Nazi political parties banned, 14 July 1933

13 Night of the Long Knives, 30 June 1934

14 Death of Hindenburg, 2 August 1934

15  Your task Identify the factors which led to Hitler establishing a dictatorship. Identify the factors which led to Hitler establishing a dictatorship. Which factor do you think was the most important? Which factor do you think was the most important? Start from 2:45

16 Factors Use of censorship, e.g. of press & media Use of censorship, e.g. of press & media Changes in law, e.g. Enabling Act Changes in law, e.g. Enabling Act Use of force, e.g. SA, Night of Long Knives Use of force, e.g. SA, Night of Long Knives Fear, e.g. Gestapo Fear, e.g. Gestapo Removal of opposition, e.g. trade unions, Rohm, opposition parties Removal of opposition, e.g. trade unions, Rohm, opposition parties Chance – burning down of Reichstag Chance – burning down of Reichstag

17  Extension task Conduct some further research into the Reichstag Fire. What evidence is there to suggest the fire was deliberately planned by the Nazis. Start with your text book, p Conduct some further research into the Reichstag Fire. What evidence is there to suggest the fire was deliberately planned by the Nazis. Start with your text book, p.64-5.

18 Plenary Plenary What were the limits on Hitler’s powers when he became Chancellor in 1933? What were the limits on Hitler’s powers when he became Chancellor in 1933? What are the characteristics of a dictator What are the characteristics of a dictator List 5 factors which helped Hitler set up a dictatorship List 5 factors which helped Hitler set up a dictatorship


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