Presentation on theme: "How did Hitler consolidate his power between ?"— Presentation transcript:
1How did Hitler consolidate his power between 1933-1934? Learning Objective: To understand the events that led to Hitler becoming the undisputed Fuhrer of Germany in 1934Learning Outcome: To explain (c+ skills) how Hitler consolidated (secured) his power
2Homework TASK ONE TASK TWO /germany/chancellor_dictator.shtmlGo onto the schoolhistory website and complete, using the hints the spider diagram.You need to print two- chancellor to dictator andPrint these off and stick it into your book.Research the Reichstag Fire and the Night of the Long Knives.Must be in your own wordsResearch to be printed and stuck/written into your books.
3Starter Task Read the paragraph on page 272 in Walsh. Then consider the photograph on the next slide to answer the question….
4Starter Task Why did Hitler become Chancellor? Come up with four reasons and explain them with the person next you.
5Hitler 1933This was Hitler’s position in January What does it suggest? Who are the people in the image? WRITE three statements to summarise Hitler’s position in 1933.
6Hitler’s position in 1934What had changed for Hitler position by 1934?
7In January 1933-Hitler was in a weak position; Only 2 other Nazi’s had positions in the New Government.Nazi’s support had fallen from 37% to 33% during To control the Reichstag he needed at least 50% of the vote.Hitler could be sacked by President Hindenburg at any time.Hindenburg and Franz Von Papen planned to use Hitler like a puppet from ‘behind the scenes’.
8By the end of 1934 Hitler was in a totally different position; Von Papen had resigned.Hindenburg was dead.Hitler was President and Chancellor- The FuhrerThe army had taken an oath of personal loyalty to Hitler.The Nazi’s were the ONLY political party.How had this happened?
9There were 8 main steps to power (Walsh p.274-5) The Reichstag Fire - 27 February 1933New Elections - 5 March 1933The Enabling Law - 24th March 1933Trade Unions Taken Over - 2 May 1933All Political Parties Banned - July 1933Night of the Long Knives 29 – 30 June 1934Death of Hindenburg - 2 August 1934The Army Oath- August 1934
10Watch the clip http://www.youtube.com/wa tch?v=kfQiy0_6BIo How did Hitler use the Reichstag fire to consolidate his power?What was the most important consequence?
11Why was this poster published in Germany in 1932? Use the source and your knowledge to explain your answer (7)
12What is the message of this cartoon? Do you think that Hitler would have been happy with the message? Use your knowledge to answer the question (7)
13Are you surprised by this newspaper report Are you surprised by this newspaper report? Use the source and your knowledge to explain your answer. (7)
14What is this cartoon trying to say about the Night of the Long Knives and how Hitler consolidated his power?
15Use pp.274-275 to complete the table Ensure that you explain what happened (the event) in detail and then explain how this would help Hitler to get control over Germany and consolidate his power.
16How did Hitler consolidate his power? Learning Objectives: To understand the methods and events used by Hitler to gain complete control over Germany Learning Outcome: To be able to explain (C-A* skill) how Hitler consolidated his power by the end of 1934
17Starter Task What is the message of this cartoon? What is it trying to say about how Hitler consolidated his power and how he controlled the German people?US cartoon Feb 1936In the last three years, I have restored honor and freedom to the German people.
18Task: On a clean page of A4 Use the images to create a detailed explanation and poster summary of Hitler’s consolidation of power. How had Hitler’s position changed from the start of when he was made Chancellor to the end of 1934 when he declared himself the Fuhrer of Germany. You can include your own images to help develop your explanations as well
19Exam Questions Describe the Key features of the Reichstag Fire. (4) Describe the key features of the Enabling Act. (4)Describe how Hitler consolidated his power over Germany (4)Describe the events of the Night of the Long Knives. (4)
20Why had Hitler become Dictator of Germany? Hitler used propaganda tomake himself seem respectableand the solution to Germany’sproblems.- made himselfseem a good and trusted leaderDealt with the Communists andcriminals quickly after ReichstagFire making it look like he was bringingOrder to Germany.Violence and intimidation- Nazis used the SS and the SA to bully and attack their opponents- like when they stopped Communists from voting in the Enabling Act and arresting and attacking the Communists after the Reichstag fireWhy had Hitler become Dictator of Germany?Hitler made compromises with people to make them trust him like the Von Papen so that he could get a majority in the Reichstag and pass laws like the Enabling Act which gave him ultimate power and controlHitler acted legally- he usedthe Weimar constitution toget power by passing laws like theEnabling Act. This made himseem respectable and law abidingand so people trusted him. He alsoused the law to ban the Communistsafter the Reichstag fire.
21PlenaryYou have 5 minutes to come up with a 60 second short speech that explains how and why Hitler was able to become the Dictator of Germany by August Some of these will be presented to the rest of the class