Presentation on theme: "How did Hitler consolidate his power between 1933-1934? Learning Objective: To understand the events that led to Hitler becoming the undisputed Fuhrer."— Presentation transcript:
How did Hitler consolidate his power between 1933-1934? Learning Objective: To understand the events that led to Hitler becoming the undisputed Fuhrer of Germany in 1934 Learning Outcome: To explain (c+ skills) how Hitler consolidated (secured) his power
Homework TASK ONE http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/lessons /germany/chancellor_dictator.shtml http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/lessons /germany/chancellor_dictator.shtml Go onto the schoolhistory website and complete, using the hints the spider diagram. You need to print two- chancellor to dictator and 1933-1934 Print these off and stick it into your book. TASK TWO Research the Reichstag Fire and the Night of the Long Knives. Must be in your own words Research to be printed and stuck/written into your books.
Starter Task Read the paragraph on page 272 in Walsh. Then consider the photograph on the next slide to answer the question….
Starter Task Why did Hitler become Chancellor? Come up with four reasons and explain them with the person next you.
Hitler 1933 This was Hitler’s position in January 1933. What does it suggest? Who are the people in the image? WRITE three statements to summarise Hitler’s position in 1933.
Hitler’s position in 1934 What had changed for Hitler position by 1934?
In January 1933-Hitler was in a weak position; Only 2 other Nazi’s had positions in the New Government. Nazi’s support had fallen from 37% to 33% during 1932. To control the Reichstag he needed at least 50% of the vote. Hitler could be sacked by President Hindenburg at any time. Hindenburg and Franz Von Papen planned to use Hitler like a puppet from ‘behind the scenes’.
By the end of 1934 Hitler was in a totally different position; Von Papen had resigned. Hindenburg was dead. Hitler was President and Chancellor- The Fuhrer The army had taken an oath of personal loyalty to Hitler. The Nazi’s were the ONLY political party. How had this happened?
There were 8 main steps to power (Walsh p.274-5) The Reichstag Fire - 27 February 1933 New Elections - 5 March 1933 The Enabling Law - 24th March 1933 Trade Unions Taken Over - 2 May 1933 All Political Parties Banned - July 1933 Night of the Long Knives 29 – 30 June 1934 Death of Hindenburg - 2 August 1934 The Army Oath- August 1934
Watch the clip http://www.youtube.com/wa tch?v=kfQiy0_6BIo http://www.youtube.com/wa tch?v=kfQiy0_6BIo How did Hitler use the Reichstag fire to consolidate his power? What was the most important consequence?
Why was this poster published in Germany in 1932? Use the source and your knowledge to explain your answer (7)
What is the message of this cartoon? Do you think that Hitler would have been happy with the message? Use your knowledge to answer the question (7)
Are you surprised by this newspaper report? Use the source and your knowledge to explain your answer. (7)
What is this cartoon trying to say about the Night of the Long Knives and how Hitler consolidated his power?
Use pp.274-275 to complete the table Ensure that you explain what happened (the event) in detail and then explain how this would help Hitler to get control over Germany and consolidate his power.
How did Hitler consolidate his power? Learning Objectives: To understand the methods and events used by Hitler to gain complete control over Germany Learning Outcome: To be able to explain (C-A* skill) how Hitler consolidated his power by the end of 1934
Starter Task In the last three years, I have restored honor and freedom to the German people. What is the message of this cartoon? What is it trying to say about how Hitler consolidated his power and how he controlled the German people? US cartoon Feb 1936
Task: On a clean page of A4 Use the images to create a detailed explanation and poster summary of Hitler’s consolidation of power. How had Hitler’s position changed from the start of 1933 when he was made Chancellor to the end of 1934 when he declared himself the Fuhrer of Germany. You can include your own images to help develop your explanations as well
Exam Questions Describe the Key features of the Reichstag Fire. (4) Describe the key features of the Enabling Act. (4) Describe how Hitler consolidated his power over Germany 1933-1934. (4) Describe the events of the Night of the Long Knives. (4)
Why had Hitler become Dictator of Germany? Violence and intimidation- Nazis used the SS and the SA to bully and attack their opponents- like when they stopped Communists from voting in the Enabling Act and arresting and attacking the Communists after the Reichstag fire Hitler used propaganda to make himself seem respectable and the solution to Germany’s problems.- made himself seem a good and trusted leader -Dealt with the Communists and criminals quickly after Reichstag Fire making it look like he was bringing Order to Germany. Hitler made compromises with people to make them trust him like the Von Papen so that he could get a majority in the Reichstag and pass laws like the Enabling Act which gave him ultimate power and control Hitler acted legally- he used the Weimar constitution to get power by passing laws like the Enabling Act. This made him seem respectable and law abiding and so people trusted him. He also used the law to ban the Communists after the Reichstag fire.
Plenary You have 5 minutes to come up with a 60 second short speech that explains how and why Hitler was able to become the Dictator of Germany by August 1934. Some of these will be presented to the rest of the class