Presentation on theme: "Term: 2nd President of the United States (1797–1801) Nickname: “Atlas of Independence” Political Party: Federalist Adams served as a delegate from Massachusetts."— Presentation transcript:
Term: 2nd President of the United States (1797–1801) Nickname: “Atlas of Independence” Political Party: Federalist Adams served as a delegate from Massachusetts to the Continental Congress between 1774 and 1777, as a diplomat in Europe from 1778 to 1788, and as vice president during the Washington administration.
In the election of 1796 Washington’s Vice President, Adams, was the front runner for President after Washington resigned in his farewell address. Washington retired and did not want to run as a third term president. He believed that Adams would be a good candidate because of his history in the political field. George Washington
The federalist members of Congress nominated John Adams and Thomas Pinckney as their choices for President. The Democratic-Republicans of Congress nominated Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr as their choices. This was the first presidential election to elect a President and a Vice President from opposing tickets.
Adams had trouble in his own campaign. Rumors went around that Hamilton favored Pinckney. Many people believed that Hamilton wanted to have some Federalist electors withhold their votes from Adams so that Pinckney would beat him. In the end, Adams won by a three-vote margin. Thomas PinckneyAlexander Hamilton
The Campaign issues of the election were the Jay Treaty and the French Revolution. John Adams and his party supported the Jay Treaty. Thomas Jefferson and the Anti Federalists opposed the treaty because it favored the British over the French. This led to the French Revolution. The Federalist did not want to support the French because they did not want another war with Britain Vs.
Federalists linked the Democratic- Republicans to the violent revolutions in France. The Democratic-Republicans accused the Federalists of favoring monarchism and aristocracy. The Democratic-Republicans announced that the Federalist wanted the Jay’s Treaty because it favored the British.
The French ambassador embarrassed the Democratic-Republicans by publicly backing them and attacking the Federalists right before the election. For the first time political parties held personal attacks at their opponents.
The majority of the campaigning took place in the newspapers, broad sides and other methods of the day. The supporters of these men actually campaigned for their favorites. Adams had won the election by only 3 votes and Thomas Jefferson, who finished second, automatically became vice-president.
The election of 1796 had showed a flaw in the Electoral College System. The Electors voted on one ballot with two names on it. The candidate who had the most votes won the election. The candidate who had the second most votes became the vice president.
Adams laid the basics for foreign policy by drafting the Model Treaty of 1776. Adams tried to keep the United States neutral as long as possible as George Washington mentioned in his Farewell Address. He was involved with the Treaty of Paris which ended the War of Independence.
Adams faced a difficult reelection campaign in 1800. The Federalist Party was split over Adams foreign policy. Many had opposed his decision to send envoys to Paris in 1799. They feared it would result in embarrassment for the United States and others because they wanted to maintain the Quasi-War crisis for partisan ends. Adams lost to Jefferson in this election.
The newspaper articles talk about John Adams and Thomas Jefferson not being president anymore. The second article talks about the passing of John Adams when he was 92 years old.
“A government of laws, and not of men.” John Adams wanted the government to be run by laws and not by men. He believed that the United States should be run by laws and not by men and their opinion. “Liberty cannot be preserved without general knowledge among the people.” To be able to preserve liberty John Adams believed that you must have a knowledge of what is going on in the world.
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