2 WHERE IS ICELAND?ICELAND IS IN THE NORTH WEST OF EUROPE IN THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE. IT IS SURROUNDED BY THE ATLANTIC OCEAN. ICELAND IS A SMALL COUNTRY
3 GENERAL DATATHE CAPITAL CITY IS REYKJAVIK IT HAS GOT 320,137 INHABITANTS ITS TOTAL AREA IS 103,001 KM². THE AREA OF ITALY IS KM²; IT IS BIGGER THAN ISLAND (? check the two areas!) DENSITY OF POPULATION: 3,09 INHAB/KM² IT IS A PARLAMENTARY REPUBLIC ICELANDERS HAVE FREEDOM OF RELIGION UNDER THE CONSTITUTION OF ICELAND, BUT THE CHURCH OF ICELAND, IS THE STATE CHURCH IT IS PART OF EUROPE THE NATIONAL CURRENCY OF ICELAND IS THE ICELANDIC KRÓNE. THE FLAG OF ICELAND IS BLUE WITH A RED AND WHITE CROSS. ICELAND HAS 321,857 (what? potatoes?),AND THE AREA IS 102,819 KM²
4 PHYSICAL ASPECTICELAND IS A BIG ISLAND, IT HAS GOT MANY LAKES: LAKES LANGJOKULL, HOFSJOKULL, VATNAJOKULL AND EYIAFJALLAJOKULL.ICELAND HAS LOW MOUNTAINS IN THE CENTRAL PART AND HILLS ALONG THE COAST.THE MOST IMPORTANT RIVERS ARE: RIVERS HVITA,K ROSSA, KOAFLJOT, MARKARFLJOT, MULAKVISL, PJORSA, RANGA, OXARA AND OLFUSA
5 VOLCANOESON THE ISLAND THERE ARE 130 VOLCANOES,THE MOST IMPORTANT ARE: HEKLA, KATLA, LAKI, ASKJA AND KRAFLA. THE GEYSER IS A SOURCE OF HOT WATER THAT HAS PERIODIC ERUPTIONS. THEY CREATE COLUMNS OF HOT WATER AND STEAM. THE WORD GEYSER COMES FROM GEYESIR, WHICH IS THE NAME OF THE MOST FAMOUS GEYSER IN ICELAND.
9 Annual mean temperature ClimateDescribe the climate of IcelandUse some of the following words:Nouns: winter, summer, spring, autumn, temperature, snowfall, elevation, sea, distance, rain, frost, wind, droughtAdjectives: temperate, continental, dry, mild, wet, damp, cold, hot, warm, extreme, abundant .Adverbs: rarely, often, seldom, sometimesWhy is the climate of Iceland not so cold as you might expect? Look at the picture above.Annual mean temperature
14 Social demographic data Find the following data in your textbook and compare them to Italy and the EU:Life expectancy, family members, infant mortality rate, urban population, religion.In Iceland, life expectancy is higher/lower for men than for women.The number of family members is higher/lower than in Italy and in the EU and infant mortality rate is.....The urban population is ....Icelanders are mostly ....
15 Economy data Which are the products of Icelandic agriculture? Where are the main industrial areas?Which are the most important industrial products?
16 ECONOMY DATA THE ICELANDIC GNP IS 63,830 $ PER PERSON. 72.3 % OF THE POPULATION WORK IN THE TERTIARY SECTOR, AND IT IS MORE THAN IN ITALY AND EUROPE21.4% OF THE POPULATION WORK IN THE SECONDARY SECTOR, AND IT IS LESS THAN IN ITALY AND EUROPE6.3% OF THE POPULATION WORK IN THE PRIMARY SECTOR, AND IT IS LESS THAN IN ITALY AND EUROPE (NO, LOOK AT THE GRAPH!)
17 GEOTHERMAL ENERGYIcelanders use geothermal energy to heat houses, for their industries and for thermal spas.
18 GreenhousesThey use geothermal energy to heat greenhouses. The majority is for vegetables, 4 ha tomatoes, 2,5 ha cucumbers and 1,5 ha chilly peppers.Production per square meter is 42 kg per year for tomatoes, 24 kg per year for cucumbers and 12 kg per year for chilly peppers. (FIND MORE PHOTOS, PLEASE)
20 COMPARE THE DATA ITALY National Park of Abruzzo FINLAND INHABITANTS PER SQ KM(=POPULATION DENSITY)ELECTRICITY USEPROTECTED AREASEXPENSES FOR EDUCATIONINTERNETMOBILE PH.ITALY60 million(NO, THIS IS THE TOTAL POPULATION , NOT THE POPULATION DENSITY!)National Park of AbruzzoFINLAND6 million19 natural areasNORWAY5 million43 National ParkSSWEDEN10 millionDENMARK6 thousandICELAND322 thousandGREECE12 million
21 Which is the most populated country? Where do people use more electricity?Which country has more protected areas?Which country spends more on education?In which country do people use the Internet more?In which country have people got more mobile phones?