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August 2007 K Raiz Tourism Destination Information.

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Presentation on theme: "August 2007 K Raiz Tourism Destination Information."— Presentation transcript:

1 August 2007 K Raiz Tourism Destination Information

2 August 2007 K Raiz A person working in the Tourism Industry needs to understand: General World Geography The Continents The Oceans Major Physical Features Time Zones Climate Information Sources Introduction Land Area 148,940,000 sq km 29 % Water Area 361,132,000 sq km 70.8 % Fresh Water Area – less than 2 % World Population 6,633,190, July 2006

3 August 2007 K Raiz The Continents #1 Asia 44,579,000 sq km #2 Africa 30,065,000 sq km #3 North America 24,256,000 sq km #4 South America 17,819,000 sq km #5Antarctica 13,209,000 sq km #6 Europe 9,938,000 sq km #7 Australia / Oceania 7,687,000 sq km

4 August 2007 K Raiz Australia Africa Africa & Australia

5 August 2007 K Raiz Asia Asia & Europe Ural Mountains Aral River Caspian Sea Caucasus Mountains Black Sea & Bosphorus Strait For Homework located these features on your Map of Europe

6 August 2007 K Raiz North America South America North & South America

7 August 2007 K Raiz The Oceans

8 August 2007 K Raiz Pacific South North Pacific Ocean

9 August 2007 K Raiz Indian Ocean

10 August 2007 K Raiz Atlantic Ocean

11 August 2007 K Raiz Arctic Ocean Southern Ocean

12 August 2007 K Raiz Latitude & Longitude

13 August 2007 K Raiz Equator

14 August 2007 K Raiz Prime Meridian & Tropics Prime Meridian

15 August 2007 K Raiz Arctic Circle 66ºN 66ºS Antarctic Circle

16 August 2007 K Raiz International Date Line 180º line of longitude middle of the Pacific Ocean imaginary line - separates 2 consecutive calendar days. not perfectly straight line In the Eastern Hemisphere, left of the International Date Line (the date) is always one day ahead of the date (or day) in the Western Hemisphere. note that Tonga and Samoa have the same time but are (1) day apart, as Samoa is in the Western Hemisphere, on the opposite side of the International Dateline from Tonga. Fiji is (1) hour earlier than Tonga. Hawaii, further to the east of Samoa, is (1) hour later in time.

17 August 2007 K Raiz International Date Line north to south

18 August 2007 K Raiz Hemispheres

19 August 2007 K Raiz Climate Types Equatorial Tropical Sub - Tropical Temperate Continental

20 August 2007 K Raiz Climate Types Equatorial Tropical Sub - Tropical Temperate hot all year a very low temperature range - usually less than 3ºC wet climate annual rainfall often more than 2000 mm Lies close to the equator Eg Singapore 1ºN Continental

21 August 2007 K Raiz Climate Types Equatorial Tropical Sub - Tropical Temperate hot all year ºC Wet & Dry Seasons Seasonal change of wind direction - called monsoon Lies between Tropic of Cancer [N] & Tropic of Capricorn [S] Eg Fiji Continental

22 August 2007 K Raiz Climate Types Equatorial Tropical Sub - Tropical Temperate 3 Seasons Summer, Spring, Autumn Lies between Tropic of Cancer & 33º[N] & Tropic of Capricorn & 34 º[S] Eg Newcastle Continental

23 August 2007 K Raiz Climate Types Equatorial Tropical Sub - Tropical Temperate 4 Seasons Summer, Spring, Autumn, Winter Lies between ºN & 33/4 - 66ºS Eg Melbourne Continental

24 August 2007 K Raiz Climate Types Continental Tropical Sub - Tropical Temperate Equatorial extreme difference between day & night time temperatures away from moderating effects of the sea

25 August 2007 K Raiz Factors that influence Climate Altitude Latitude Coast vs Inland Proximity to Hills & Mountains Prevailing Wind Direction Seasons

26 August 2007 K Raiz Altitude Altitude measures height above sea level measured in metres as Height increases temperature decreases

27 August 2007 K Raiz Latitude Latitude measures the distance from the equator in degrees north or south eg Singapore 1ºN As Latitude Increases temperature decreases

28 August 2007 K Raiz Seasonality Seasons tell us about the normal weather patterns and temperature ranges Eg Summer Autumn Winter Spring

29 August 2007 K Raiz Coastal vs Inland Due to the moderating effects of the Sea Coastal regions have less extremes of temperature ie the water cools and heats slowly & away from large bodies of water the land heats & cools rapidly

30 August 2007 K Raiz Other Factors Proximity to Hills & Mountains due to local prevailing wind direction one side of the mountains tends to be wetter than the other Prevailing Wind Direction the West of a Continent tends to be drier than the East

31 August 2007 K Raiz Politics is a form of social organisation

32 August 2007 K Raiz Travel Documentation Passports Health Documents [sometimes] Visas Information Sources for Travel Issues m a r t t r a v e l l e r.gov.au

33 August 2007 K Raiz Gross Domestic Product GDP Value of all Goods & Services Produced & Sold in that country in one Year Measured in USD

34 August 2007 K Raiz Tourism Generating Regions Tend to be Developed or Developing Nations Tourism Destination Regions Can be any Developed, Developing or Lesser Developed Nations


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