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Unit 2 Chapter 2, Section 1 The Colonial Period Mr. Young 2 nd -5 th.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 2 Chapter 2, Section 1 The Colonial Period Mr. Young 2 nd -5 th."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit 2 Chapter 2, Section 1 The Colonial Period Mr. Young 2 nd -5 th

2 Essential Question What elements of the English political heritage helped develop representative government in the American colonies?

3 An English Political Heritage The English established the thirteen colonies English system had two major principles: 1. Limited Government 2. Representative Government

4 Limited Government System in which the power of the government is limited, not absolute

5 Magna Carta (1215) First appears in Magna Carta (1215) and only to nobility

6 Petition of Rights (1628) Severely limited King Charles 1 power No longer collect taxes, imprison people without just cause, house troops in private homes or declare martial law without war

7 English Bill of Rights (1688) Set clear limits on what a ruler could and could not do Set up 5 key ideas

8 English Bill of Rights 1. Monarchs do not have absolute authority 2. Monarch must have Parliaments consent to suspend laws, levy taxes, or maintain army 3. Monarch cannot interfere with parliamentary elections and debates 4. People have right to fair and speedy trial 5. No cruel and unusual punishment

9 Representative Government Government in which people elect delegates to make laws and conduct government

10 John Locke John Locke- Two Treatises of Government Argued that if government failed to protect these natural rights, the people could change that government Two other guys: Voltaire and Jean Jacques Rousseau

11 Government in the Colonies Each English colony had its own governor, a legislature, and a court system Each had: 1. A written constitution 2. Legislatures of elected representatives 3. Separation of powers between governors and legislature

12 Mayflower Compact (1620 First example of colonial self- government

13 Great Fundamentals (1636) First basic system of laws in the colonies

14 Fundamental Orders of Connecticut (1639) First formal constitution or charter in the colonies

15 Fundamental Preamble For as much as it hath pleased Almighty God by the wise disposition of his divine providence so to order and dispose of things that we the Inhabitants and Residents of Windsor, Hartford and Wethersfield are now cohabiting and dwelling in and upon the River of Connectecotte and the lands thereunto adjoining; and well knowing where a people are gathered together the word of God requires that to maintain the peace and union of such a people there should be an orderly and decent Government established according to God, to order and dispose of the affairs of the people at all seasons as occasion shall require; do therefore associate and conjoin ourselves to be as one Public State or Commonwealth; and do for ourselves and our successors and such as shall be adjoined to us at any time hereafter, enter into Combination and Confederation together, to maintain and preserve the liberty and purity of the Gospel of our Lord Jesus which we now profess, as also, the discipline of the Churches, which according to the truth of the said Gospel is now practiced amongst us; as also in our civil affairs to be guided and governed according to such Laws, Rules, Orders and Decrees as shall be made, ordered, and decreed as followeth

16 Colonial Legislature First legislature in America: Virginia House of Burgesses Many colonies had legislature well before the Declaration of Independence and Constitution were put into place

17 Separation of Powers The division of power among the legislative, judicial, and executive branches

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