Presentation on theme: "New Ideas and Inventions"— Presentation transcript:
1 New Ideas and Inventions Chapter 11 Lesson 4Pages
2 Brainstorm What are some GREAT inventions you can think of. How have they made an impact on society?Brainstorm
3 Explain how canals, steamboats, and railroads improved transportation and shipping Describe how new inventions led to the Industrial RevolutionObjectives
4 1700’s What were forms of transportation used? How did this affect the lives of people?1700’s
5 TRANSPORTATION Early 1800’s Appalachians – difficult to transport goods to the east.Congress votes to build a National Road1818 – Connects Maryland to West VirginiaSlow & Expensive
6 BOATS – Cheaper & Faster than by Land Problem: Rivers had changes in elevation along with rapids and waterfalls making boat travel impossible in some locationsBOATS – Cheaper & Faster than by Land
7 CANALS – a human-made waterway that connects bodies of waters. 1817 – NY Governor, DeWitt Clinton, begins work on the Erie Canal (Lake Erie to Hudson River)Solution. . .
8 The Erie Canal 8 years to build 363 miles long 83 locks Connected: Great Lakes to the Atlantic OceanCut shipping time & costExample:Goods from Buffalo to NYC cut from 20 days to 8 daysCost: $100 to $10
9 LOCK SYSTEM Holds a section of water by two gates. One gate is opened, the water raises or lowers the boat to the next level of water.This is how the boats traveled through different elevation levels.
10 Pictures of Miami – Erie Canal Canal boats are pulled by mules.Here the boat is inside the lock and will be lowering down due to elevation change.Pictures of Miami – Erie Canal
11 The canal boat continues to lower due to the water level changing by opening a lock gate.
13 How did the Erie Canal change trade in the nation? It cut travel time and cost to transport goods.
14 A human-made waterway that connects bodies of water. What is a canal?A human-made waterway that connects bodies of water.
15 STEAM ENGINE Steamboats Railroads 1807 Robert Fulton Used the Steam engine to power his boat ClermontSteamboats quickly become primary mode of travel on large rivers.1830Peter CooperBuilt 1st American locomotive – Tom ThumbSteam is used to power the locomotive over iron rails.Grew rapidly – cheaper than steamboat travel1850 – over 9,000 miles of trackSTEAM ENGINE
16 Steam EnginesCreates energy by heating liquid water into steam, which is trapped, creating pressure. Releasing the trapped steam causes pistons to move up and down. These are connected to rods, which are connected to wheels that turn as the pistons move.
17 INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION New inventions & travel changed thinkingMachines are used to do work only done by hand until nowGoods made quickly and cheaperThis change in manufacturing became known as The Industrial Revolution.INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
18 Britain Industrial Revolution started in Britain Machines that spun thread into clothPlaced in factories – Called MILLSWater powered the machinesWanted it kept secret.Machines & the workers were never allowed to leave Britain.Britain
19 A spy within. . . Samuel Slater, mill worker Memorized every detail of the machine and millSneaked aboard a ship to U.S.1793 – Slater along with Moses Brown built 1st American textile mill in Pawtucket, RIA spy within. . .
21 Change in U.S.Slater & Brown’s Mill marks the start of large scale manufacturing in the United States.People stop working at home and start working in factories.Most workers are women and children.
22 1814 – Francis Cabot Lowell Mill in Waltham, Mass. Did all jobs to make raw cotton into finished cloth.Workers lived in nearby houses owned by the mill.
23 Factory effects . . . Most factories in the North Men, Women, and Children workedLowell mill paid only $12 a monthBut better than poor farm workEuropean immigrants arrived and settled near factoriesSouth remained agriculturalFactory effects . . .
24 COTTON GIN1793Eli WhitneyRemoves seeds from cotton (until now done by hand)Effect: more enslaved workers needed
25 Interchangeable Parts Eli WhitneyParts that are made exactly alikeUsed interchangeable parts for gunsUntil now, made one at a time by a skilled workerEffect: Now could be mass produced.
26 Mechanical Reaper1832Cyrus McCormickUsed to harvest grain
27 Steel Plow1837John DeereSteel plow allowed farmers to cut through heavy soil in Midwest.
28 Telegraph 1837 Samuel F.B. Morse Sent messages along a wire using a dot and dash code systemThis becomes known as Morse Code
29 Cause: Because of the Industrial Revolution Effect: Many people moved from farms to cities to work. The U.S. was becoming an industrial power.
30 How did railroads improve life for people in the U.S.? They made it easier to ship goods and for people to travel.
31 What invention led to the increase of slaves on plantations? Cotton Gin
32 Give an example of how a new invention of the Industrial Revolution changed the lives of Americans? Cotton Gin – made it possible to remove the seeds from cotton faster. This results in increased crop production and the need for slaves.Interchangeable Parts – made it easier to mass produce weapons, which reduced their cost for initial production and to replace parts as needed.
33 With your neighbor, discuss Another effect of the Industrial Revolution.Go back to your invention list.What is the effect of modernDay inventions on everydayLife.