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Industrialization Mr. Griffin
The Industrial Revolution began in ____________.
Before 1820, most factories and mills in the United States were powered by ________
Eli Whitney developed _____
The Cotton Gin
The Erie Canal opened trade between _____________
The Great Lakes and New York City
Before a Nation can industrialize, the nation must first develop
An adequate food supply
The movement of people from farms to cities is called ________
An artificial waterway that allows travel between two sections of land is called a __________
The Lowell system of recruiting labor was to -
Recruit young women from farm families
True/False People did not travel much prior to the Industrial Revolution
True Transportation systems Often people never traveled more than a few miles from their homes
True/False Pollution was not a problem after the start of the Industrial Revolution
False Factories had little or no regulations on pollution Pollution became a large problem
True/False Samuel Slater developed standardized parts
False Slater brought factory plans from England to the US
True/False The need for clocks decreased after industrialization
False Life became very centered around time.
True/False Industrialization brought about a decrease in the number of farmers.
True/False People had a shorter life span after the Industrial Revolution
False Accidents in factories were common, however, people actually had a longer life expectancy after the Industrial Revolution
True/False The Erie Canal opened in 1825
True Construction began in 1817 and the Canal opened in 1825
True/False Luddites were people who supported the Industrial Revolution.
False Luddites opposed Industrialization. Luddites were unemployed cottage textile workers that rioted against new textile machines in the early part of the 19th century.
What type of animal was often used to pull boats along the Erie Canal?
List 3 major cities located on the Erie Canal trading route.
Buffalo, Rochester, Syracuse, Albany
Why did many factories employ immigrants, women, and children?
They would work for less money.
Who was the governor of NY that supported the construction of the Erie Canal?
What waterway connects New York City with the Erie Canal?
The Hudson River
Which came first, steam power or water power?
Water is the source of energy for water power. What was often the source for energy in steam power?
The need for coal led to the development of this industry?
What were the conditions like for mining workers?
Dangerous. They faced many dangers working in the mines.
What is capital?
Money or wealth used in trade, in manufacturing, or in any business.
What is the Spinning Jenny?
The first machine to replace the spinning wheel
What is a Spinning Mule?
A type of spinning machine that was capable of performing the work of 3000 hand spinners
What is a Spinning Jenny?
The first machine to replace the spinning wheel
What were Cottage Industries?
The system of home-centered hand manufacturing that preceeded the Industrial Revolution.
What is an assembly line?
A manufacturing system in which a product is completed step-by-step by different workers.
What is a cotton gin?
A machine that removes seeds from cotton.
What is a factory?
A place where workers use machines to make products.
What is weaving?
The process of turning thread or yarn into cloth that is done on a loom.
What is a steam engine?
An external combustion engine in which fuel is burned to heat water and convert it into steam. The steam is used to push a piston.
What is mass production?
Making products on a large scale usually by machine.
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