Presentation on theme: "Chapter 13: North and South Section 1: The North’s Economy"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 13: North and South 1820-1860 Section 1: The North’s Economy 1. Technol0gy and IndustryEarly 1800’s most people lived/worked onfarms.Changes begin in Northern states.Industrialization3 phases: 1. manufacturers made products bydividing tasks among workers. 2. manufacturersbuilt factories to bring specialized workerstogether, 3. workers used machinery to performsome of their work.mass production in NE early 1800sElias Howe invented sewing machine 1846By 1860 NE factories produced 2/3rds of U.S.manufactured goods.Improved Transportation1800 to 1850 built 1000s of miles of roads andcanals.
2 Chapter 13: North and South 1820-1860 Section 1: The North’s Economy 2. Opened new shipping routes by connectinglakes, rivers, with roads.Growth of railroads in 1840s also helped speedflow of goods.Robert Fulton invented reliable steamboat in1807. Carried more goods cheaper & faster.In 1840s, canals builders deepened and broad-ened canals.1860 about 3,000 steaboats traveled majorrivers, canals, and Great Lakes.Spurred growth of cities Cincinnatti, Buffalo,and Chicago.Clipper ships sleek hulls & tall sails. 300 milesa day. As fast as steamboats. Voyages werecut short. BY Clipper, NY to Great Britain =about 10 to 14 days.
3 Chapter 13: North and South 1820-1860 Section 1: The North’s Economy 3. LocomotivesFirst steam powered loco The Rocket beganin G. Britain in 1829.Peter Cooper built 1st Amer. steam loco in1830 called Tom Thumb. Failed at first, butwithin 10 years locomotive engines worked inthe U.S.The Railway Network1840 almost 3000 miles of railroad tracks.1860 almost 31,000 miles, mostly in North andthe Midwest.Rail lines begin to be built farther west (Ohio,Indiana, and Illinois.By 1860 network of railroad lines united theMidwest and the East.
4 Chapter 13: North and South 1820-1860 Section 1: The North’s Economy 4. Moving Goods and PeopleCanals & railroads transformed trade in theinterior of the U.S.- Erie Canal in 1825.First railroads in 1830s.Ag. goods down Miss. to New Orleans thenshipped to other countries or East Coast.Faster delivery of goods meant cheaper price.Railroads also promoted settlement and in-dustrialization of Midwest.People settled in and populations grew inOhio, Indiana, and Illinois.As populations grew so did states, new towns,and industries developed.
5 Chapter 13: North and South 1820-1860 Section 1: The North’s Economy 5. Faster CommunicationGrowth of industry caused new pace of traveland need for faster methods.Telegraph used electrical signals to transmitmessages. Samuel Morse sent first messageson May 24, 1844 in Washington D.C. toBaltimore. Morse Code (series of dots anddashes). By 1852, there were about 23,000miles of telegraph lines in U.S.AgricultureIn early 1800s farmers had moved west ofMissouri and they greatly increased harvests.Moved into Great Plains area.Revolution in AgricultureMore difficult land called for new developmentsin farm equipment.
6 Chapter 13: North and South 1820-1860 Section 1: The North’s Economy 6. John Deere invented steel-tipped plow in 1837.Better than old wooden plows.Mechanical reaper sped up wheat harvests.Mechanical threshers separated grain fromthe stalk.McCormick Reaper invented by Cyrus McCor-mick of Virginia made a fortune selling them. Itmade hand-held sickles obsolete.Faster harvested led to more acres of cropplanted and more profits.The North, however, turned away from farmingand expanded industry. Rocky soils.More people began working in factories.