Sectionalism in America America began to divide as a result of industrialization North – Industrial West – “Breadbasket” of the country South – Cotton and Slavery
Why is America successful in Industrializing? 1. Rich, Fertile Soil 2. Unused western lands 3. Stable legal and political systems 4. Capitalism, Free market economy 5. Language (shared with England, leader of Industrial Revolution)
Railroad and Steamship Effects 1.Spurred further Industrial Growth 2.New Jobs created 3.Boosted agriculture and fishing industries 4.People able to take distant city jobs 5.People able to travel further distances
Transportation Canals Erie Canal – connected Hudson River to the Great Lakes Opened trade between the Northeast and the Midwest Took 8 years to build (1817-1825) Cost $7 million ($131,040,337.86 today)
Erie Canal Governor Dewitt Clinton of New York. 1817: Construction of Erie Canal. 1825: Canal was opened. Erie Canal – From the Hudson River to the Great Lakes.
Telegraph In 1844, Samuel Morse demonstrates his telegraph by sending a message to Baltimore from the chambers of the Supreme Court in Washington, DC. The message, "What hath God wrought?," marks the beginning of a new era in communication. The telegraph used dots and dashes to send messages over electric lines. These dots and dashes became known as Morse Code.
-Whitney’s machine could generate up to fifty pounds of cleaned cotton daily, making cotton production profitable for the southern states.
How does the cotton gin impact the demand for slaves?
Life in the South during the Industrial Revolution The “Cotton Kingdom” Wholly Rural Plantation Economy – economy based on large farms Reliant entirely on northern manufacturing Economy based on Cotton and Slavery 1830 – 35% of southerners owned slaves 1860 – 26% of southerners owned slaves
Wrap-up 1. What does the shift from human-based work to mechanized work mean for producing goods? 2. What is the main economic difference between the North and the South? 3. For further thought: How will the Industrial Revolution impact the lifestyles of Americans?