Presentation on theme: "JUMPSTART Have out your Urban Game town to finish up quickly. What do you notice about your town so far? Would you want to live there? Why or why not?"— Presentation transcript:
JUMPSTART Have out your Urban Game town to finish up quickly. What do you notice about your town so far? Would you want to live there? Why or why not?
Urban Game Debrief 1. How did your town change from now until the end? 2. What problems do you now see? 3. Why didn’t you plan ahead for them? 4. What is the future going to hold for your city? 5. Describe the negative effects of urbanization. 6. Describe the positive effects of urbanization.
Early Industry and Inventions Manufacturing, Transportation, Communication, and Farming
5 W’s & H Who was involved? What did they do/invent? Where did they have the most influence? When did this take place? Why did they do/invent what they did? How did it effect the country?
Jump Start-PAP In your journal, make 3 columns labeled people, places, and things While you read the following assignment, record all SIGNIFICANT people, places, and things We will use this list later Turn to page 325 in the blue book Read from the beginning of 325-327 STOP when you get to “A New Way to Manufacture)
Industrial Revolution Industrial Revolution- during the late 18 th century factory machines replaced hand tools large scale manufacturing replaced farming as the main source of work Before this, most manufacturing was done in the home Farm families produced what they needed This was known as the cottage industry In the 1700’s, Britain jumped ahead of the U.S. in industrial production with the steam engine steam engine Britain carefully guarded their secret…why do you think they would do this?
Industry Begins in the U.S. 1789- Samuel Slater came to the U.S. from Britain Brought plans for a water powered textile mill Progress was slow until the Embargo Act of 1807 and the War of 1812 How did these events help?
Factory System Factory system- brought workers and machines together under one roof Moved from an agricultural society to one focused on industrialization development of industry (processing raw materials to manufacture goods) on a large scale This change was not always for the better In what ways would industrialization be negative?
New England was a good place to set up factories Had many fast-moving rivers Ships for quick transport of goods Willing labor force
The Lowell Mills Hire Women In 1813, Francis Cabot Lowell built a factory in Massachusetts The factory spun cotton into yarn and wove the cotton into cloth. “Lowell girls” lived in boardinghouses supervised by older women Strict rules Forced church attendance Worked over 12 hours a day in extremely loud factories
Jump Start Put ALL of your things against the white board. I will provide everything you will need for the beginning of class. Pick up a blank sheet of paper and a pen from the front table. Draw your best “paper doll” complete with head, arms, legs, a face, and clothes.
Interchangeable Parts, Steamboat, Telegraph, Cotton Gin Inventions: Changes in production, Transportation, and Communication
Interchangeable Parts The first interchangeable parts were created by Eli Whitney Interchangeable parts- Identical parts that can be substituted in the manufacture or repair of a product first created for muskets for the U.S. military Factories began producing matching parts to many products Sped up production, made repairs easier, and allowed the use of lower- paid, less skilled workers.
Interchangeable Parts (increased production) created by Eli Whitney Sped up production, made repairs easier, and allowed the use of lower-paid, less skilled workers Identical parts that can be substituted in the manufacture or repair of a product
The Cotton Gin Eli Whitney also invented the cotton gin The gin took the seeds out of the cotton, which was much faster than doing it by hand From 1 to 50 lbs per day Resulted in cotton as a viable cash crop Increased the need for more land and slaves
Cotton Gin (increased production) created by Eli Whitney Resulted in cotton as a viable cash crop Increased the need for more land and slaves took the seeds out of the cotton; faster than by hand
Steamboat Some inventions increased production Others improved transportation and communication 1807- Robert Fulton designed a steamboat that could move against the current and the wind Clermont The steamboat created more opportunities for trade and transportation on rivers.
The Telegraph 1837- invented by Samuel Morse Sent long and short pulses of electricity along a wire Took only seconds to communicate with another city The invention of the steamboat and telegraph brought the people of the nation closer to each other
Inventions that Increased Communication and Transportation Steamboat (created by Robert Fulton): could move against the current and the wind; created more opportunities for trade and transportation on rivers Telegraph (invented by Samuel Morse): Sent long and short pulses of electricity along a wire; Took only seconds to communicate with another city
Think-Pair-Share How did developments in communication and transportation impact growth, development, and urbanization of the U.S.? Pg. 328-329
Think-Pair-Share How did industrialization in the North and the invention of the cotton gin in the South lead to increased sectionalism? Pg. 332-334