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NATO and the Warsaw Pact (1945 - 1955). 1945 1946.

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Presentation on theme: "NATO and the Warsaw Pact (1945 - 1955). 1945 1946."— Presentation transcript:

1 NATO and the Warsaw Pact (1945 - 1955)

2 1945

3 1946

4

5 1947

6

7 1948 Communist Coup in Czechoslovakia

8 1948 Communist Coup in Czechoslovakia

9 1948 Communist Coup in Czechoslovakia

10 1948 Communist Coup in Czechoslovakia

11 1948

12

13 June 1948: The Berlin Airlift Begins

14 1948 June 1948: The Berlin Airlift Begins

15 1948 June 1948: The Berlin Airlift Begins

16 1948 June 1948: The Berlin Airlift Begins

17 1948 June 1948: The Berlin Airlift Begins

18 1948 June 1948: The Berlin Airlift Begins

19 1948 June 1948: The Berlin Airlift Begins

20 1948 June 1948: The Berlin Airlift Begins

21 1948 June 1948: The Berlin Airlift Begins

22 1948 Tito breaks from the Soviet Union

23 1949 April 4, 1949: NATO founded

24 1949 May 23, 1949: West Germany founded

25 1949 US deploys nuclear weapons to defend Western Europe

26 1949 US deploys nuclear weapons to defend Western Europe

27 1949 US deploys nuclear weapons to defend Western Europe

28 1949 US deploys nuclear weapons to defend Western Europe

29 1949 US deploys nuclear weapons to defend Western Europe

30 1950

31

32 1951

33

34 1952 Communists take over Poland

35 1952 Communists take over Poland

36 1952 Communists take over Poland

37 1952

38

39

40 Greece and Turkey join NATO

41 1952 Greece and Turkey join NATO

42 1952 Greece and Turkey join NATO

43 1952 Greece and Turkey join NATO

44 1953

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46 1954

47

48 1955 West Germany joins NATO The Warsaw Pact is formed

49 Germany after World War II Germany was divided into 4 military zones Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and the United States controlled the government Berlin was also divided among the 4

50 Yugoslavia breaks from the Soviet Union Yugoslavia was communist Its leader, Tito, didn’t like Stalin because he did not want the country to be controlled by the Soviet Union Stalin stopped providing money and weapons to Yugoslavia

51 North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

52 The Foundation of West Germany (1949) May 23, 1949: The American, French, and British military zones are merged into the Federal Republic of Germany The Allies thought that the Soviets were trying to undermine the German economy While the Germans had their own government, the Allies kept their armies in place

53 Communists take Poland (1952) The Soviets liberated Poland from the Nazis in 1944, and set up their own government (500,000 Soviet troops there) After the war, a coalition government was established between the communists and the pro-US politicians By 1952 the communists were in complete control of Poland

54 West Germany Joins NATO The US was worried that it could not protect Western Europe from a Soviet attack if Germany was not allowed to have an army Britain, France, and the US decided that West Germany could rebuild an army as long as they were a member of NATO

55 The Warsaw Pact is Formed The Soviets were afraid of an American attack once West Germany built an army They made a military alliance with the other communist countries in Europe to defend each other in case NATO attacked them


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