Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

King Abdulaziz University Department of European Languages & Literature Syntax (LANE-334) Chapter 2 Constituents Dr. Abdulrahman Alqurashi Dr. Abdulrahman.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "King Abdulaziz University Department of European Languages & Literature Syntax (LANE-334) Chapter 2 Constituents Dr. Abdulrahman Alqurashi Dr. Abdulrahman."— Presentation transcript:

1 King Abdulaziz University Department of European Languages & Literature Syntax (LANE-334) Chapter 2 Constituents Dr. Abdulrahman Alqurashi Dr. Abdulrahman Alqurashi 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-3341

2 Words 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-3342

3 Word Classes 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-3343

4 Nouns 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-3344

5 Nouns 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-3345

6 Noun Phrases 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-3346

7 Noun Phrases 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-3347

8 Noun Phrases 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-3348

9 Noun Phrases 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-3349

10 Noun Phrases 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33410

11 Noun Phrases 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33411

12 Personal pronouns 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33412

13 Personal pronouns 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33413

14 Personal pronouns 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33414

15 Verbs 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33415

16 Verbs 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33416

17 Verbs 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33417

18 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33418

19 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33419

20 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33420

21 Verb phrases (VP) 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33421

22 Verb phrases (VP) 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33422

23 Verb phrases (VP) 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE Intransitive verb Copula verb Monotransitive verb

24 Verb phrases (VP) 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE Ditransitive verb Intransitive verb Complex transitive verb

25 Verb phrases (VP) 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE Transitive verb

26 Verb phrases (VP) 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE HeadComplementsVerb types Verbs like laugh, sleep, Intransitive Verbs like is, areAdjP, NP or PPCopula Verbs like say,…NP or SMonotransitive Verbs like told, send, …NP+ NP or NP + PPDitransitive Verbs like call NP + AdjP or NPComplex transitive Verbs like move, leanPPIntransitive Verbs like putNP - PPTransitive

27 Verb phrases (VP) 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33427

28 Verb phrases (VP) 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE tensemodelsperfectprogressivepassive main verbsuffix Ømayhavebeen-----work_ing _edcouldhave beenstole _n

29 Adjectives 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33429

30 Adjectives 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33430

31 Adverbs 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33431

32 Adverbs 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33432

33 Adjective phrases (AdjP) 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33433

34 Adjective phrases (AdjP)  Adjective phrases may occur as a Premodifier (adjunct) inside a NP or as Predicative complement inside VP: He likes [ NP the [ AdjP German] [ N girl] ] Her voice [ VP was [ AdjP very soft]] She [ VP is [ AdjP afraid that she might die]] 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33434

35 Adverb phrases (AdvP) 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33435

36 Adverb phrases (AdvP) 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33436

37 Prepositional Phrases (PP) 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33437

38 Prepositional Phrases (PP) 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33438

39 Conjunctions 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33439

40 Conjunctions 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33440

41 Clauses and sentences 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33441

42 Clauses and sentences 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33442

43 Clauses and sentences 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33443

44 Clauses and sentences 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33444

45 Clauses and sentences 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33445

46 Clauses and sentences 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33446

47 Clauses and sentences 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33447

48 Clauses and sentences (iii) What if [they annoy her]? (Finite) (iv) Don’t let [them/(*they) annoy her] (Nonfinite)  Nonfinite forms include:  a). Infinitive forms like: e.g. [John believes [the prisoner to be innocent]] (Finite) (Non-finite)  b). –ing / -ed participle forms like: e.g. [I saw [Mary leaving]] (Finite) (Non-finite) e.g. [I found [all the seats occupied]] (Finite) (Non-finite) 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33448

49 Word order  Consider the following: Oxford – recently – graduated – John – form a)John graduated from Oxford recently. b)Recently John graduated from Oxford. c)From Oxford John graduated recently. d)From Oxford John recently graduated. e)John recently graduated from Oxford.  Consider also the following: a)John died. b)* died John.  English has Subject- verb (SV) word order.  Arabic, for example, has both SV and VS word order. 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33449

50 What to do next week What to do next week  Read chapter 3.  Prepare for your quiz. See you next lecture. See you next lecture. 2014KAU-Syntax/ LANE-33450


Download ppt "King Abdulaziz University Department of European Languages & Literature Syntax (LANE-334) Chapter 2 Constituents Dr. Abdulrahman Alqurashi Dr. Abdulrahman."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google