2 THE VERB PHRASE What is Comp? VP V + Comp + Adjunct(PP) or (AdvP) Anything following the main verb necessary to make the sentence GRAMMATICAL in the intended MEANING.Branching from the lowest branch nearest to the verb.
3 Complements & Adjuncts Closely related to the head (verb) and essential to the meaning of a phrase.Mostly obligatorySister to the predicate forming a ‘constituent’ADJUNCTSNot related to the meaning of the verb.Can be repeated and moved in a sentence.Always optional.They are not close sisters to the verb.
4 WHAT ARE THE VERB PHRASE COMPLEMENTS? Test:1. Delete one phrase.2. If the result is ungrammatical then the phrase is a complement of V.3. If the result is grammatical BUT the meaning of the verb changes then the phrase is also a complement of V.4. If the meaning of the verb does not change then the phrase is not part of the complement of V.
5 I put the box in the closet Delete ( the box)I put in the closet. *Delete (in the closet)I put the box. *That means that BOTH phrases are parts of the complement of the verb.THUS :Put : [NP– NP PP]
6 I fried an egg on the sidewalk Delete (an egg)I fried on the sidewalk. (grammatical but meaning changed)Delete (on the sidewalk)I fried an egg.Grammatical, & reserves the meaning of (fry)That means (on the sidewalk) is not part of the complement of V.Fry: [ NP --- NP ]