2THE VERB PHRASE What is Comp? VP V + Comp + Adjunct(PP) or (AdvP) Anything following the main verb necessary to make the sentence GRAMMATICAL in the intended MEANING.Branching from the lowest branch nearest to the verb.
3Complements & Adjuncts Closely related to the head (verb) and essential to the meaning of a phrase.Mostly obligatorySister to the predicate forming a ‘constituent’ADJUNCTSNot related to the meaning of the verb.Can be repeated and moved in a sentence.Always optional.They are not close sisters to the verb.
4WHAT ARE THE VERB PHRASE COMPLEMENTS? Test:1. Delete one phrase.2. If the result is ungrammatical then the phrase is a complement of V.3. If the result is grammatical BUT the meaning of the verb changes then the phrase is also a complement of V.4. If the meaning of the verb does not change then the phrase is not part of the complement of V.
5I put the box in the closet Delete ( the box)I put in the closet. *Delete (in the closet)I put the box. *That means that BOTH phrases are parts of the complement of the verb.THUS :Put : [NP– NP PP]
6I fried an egg on the sidewalk Delete (an egg)I fried on the sidewalk. (grammatical but meaning changed)Delete (on the sidewalk)I fried an egg.Grammatical, & reserves the meaning of (fry)That means (on the sidewalk) is not part of the complement of V.Fry: [ NP --- NP ]