2The study of sentence parts is called… MorphologyGrammarParts of SpeechSyntaxSyntax
3The technical name for “the” is Indefinite articleDefinite articlenounverbDefinite article.(A is an indefinite article)
4New Zealand is an example of a Abstract nounConcrete nounProper NounCollective nounProper nouni.e. a naming noun, needs a capital and can be used without the definite article.
5Nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs are types of … Word classesWord descriptorsWord partTypes of speechWord classes
6A verb is a doing word. Verb forms that show tense are called.. Infinite verbsAuxillary verbsFinite verbsAbstract verbsFinite verbs e.gWe walked, they rode, He was studying.
7Dad (S) burned (V) the fruitcake (O) The usual word order isSubject + Verb + ObjectObject + Verb + SujectSubject + ObjectSubject + verbSVO e.g.Dad (S) burned (V) the fruitcake (O)
8Verbs followed by an object are called… Auxillary verbsIntransitive verbsTransitive verbsInfinitivesTransitive verbse.g The sun melted the snow (transitive)
9Adjectives do what to nouns… Give them tenseModify/describe themShow if they are singular or pluralShow if they are concrete or abstractModify theme.g The tortoiseshell cat
10Adjectives used to compare things or show degrees of comparison Comparative and superlativeComparative and modifiersSuperlative and modifiersComparative and auxillaryComparative and Superlativee.g. My cat is the oldest on the street.Usually done by adding –er or –estOR more or most
11An adverb can modify Verbs and nouns Verbs and adjectives Nouns and adjectivesVerbs, adjectives and other adverbsVerbs, adjectives another adverbse.g. carefully, slowly, quickly
12A pronouns stands in place of Definite articlesIndefinite articlesVerbsNounsNounse.g I, we, he, she, him, her, me, us, they, them
13Two sentences joined together with more than one verb are known as PhrasesClausesSubjectsObjectsClausese.g. The sun melted the snow (clause), and in an hour it had vanished. (clause)
14And, or and but arexamples of ClausesPhrasesCoordinating conjunctionsModifiersCoordinating conjunctions
15If the subject of the sentence is the doer of the action, the verb is in the Passive voiceActive voiceThird personFirst personActive voicee.g. The dog (S doer) chased (V) the cat (O)The opposite is the passive voiceThe cat (S receiver) was chased by (V)the dog (doer)
16About, to, in, on, of, down a all examples of… pronounsclausesprepositionsphrasesPrepositionsSmall words that show relationship between two things in time or space