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Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter Fifteen: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia Bentley & Ziegler, TRADITIONS AND ENCOUNTERS,

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Presentation on theme: "Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter Fifteen: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia Bentley & Ziegler, TRADITIONS AND ENCOUNTERS,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter Fifteen: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia Bentley & Ziegler, TRADITIONS AND ENCOUNTERS, 2/e

2 Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. The Restoration of Centralized Imperial Rule in China The Sui and Tang Dynasties, C.E. Chapter Fifteen: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia

3 Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. The Sui Dynasty ( C.E.) Leadership Yang Jian usurped power, claimed throne through Mandate of Heaven Sui Yangdi completed large-scale public works projects Chapter Fifteen: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia

4 Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. The Restoration of Centralized Imperial Rule in China The Sui Dynasty ( C.E.) Capital at Chang’an tightly centralized bureaucracy military conquest large-scale construction projects Chapter Fifteen: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia

5 Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Major advancements/developments The Grand Canal integrated domestic economy linked wheat growing north with rice growing south resulted in increase agricultural production Improved political and cultural unity Chapter Fifteen: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia

6 Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Decline and fall of the Sui Dynasty Social Unrest excessive taxation (Grand Canal) forced labor (large-scale projects) military challenges in Korea Chapter Fifteen: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia

7 Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. The Restoration of Centralized Imperial Rule in China The Tang Dynasty ( C.E.) Brought Manchuria under control Silla Kingdom acknowledged imperial authority - tributary system (Han Dynasty) Chapter Fifteen: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia Statuette of Confucian Scholar

8 Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. The Tang Dynasty ( C.E.) Leadership Tang Taizong ( C.E.) ambitious, ruthless Confucian leader who heeded the interests of his subjects Chapter Fifteen: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia

9 Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Major advancements/developments Transportation & Communication inns, postal service, stables Equal-field system redistribution of land population increase strained system characterized by corruption Buddhist monasteries Chapter Fifteen: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia

10 Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Major advancements/developments Bureaucracy of Merit Imperial civil service examination (Han Wudi) Printing becomes more common Letter of Credit “flying cash” Chapter Fifteen: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia

11 Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Sources From The Past: The Arab Merchant Suleiman on Business Practices in Tang China Chapter Fifteen: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia “The Chinese conduct commercial transactions and business affairs with equity. When someone lends money to another person, he writes up a note documenting the loan…” - The Voyages of Suleiman

12 Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Decline and fall of the Tang Dynasty Careless leadership in mid-700s An Lushan mounts rebellion captures capital at Chang-an weakened dynasty military commanders invite Uighurs to quell rebellion Huang Chao mounts rebellion weakened dynasty Chapter Fifteen: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia

13 Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Decline and fall of the Tang Dynasty Military granted more regional authority emperor loses authority and abdicates Chapter Fifteen: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia

14 Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. The Restoration of Centralized Imperial Rule in China Chapter Fifteen: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia The Song Dynasty, C.E.

15 Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. The Song Dynasty ( C.E.) Leadership Song Taizu military officer granted power by troops based on reputation and military successes Chapter Fifteen: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia

16 Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. The Restoration of Centralized Imperial Rule in China The Song Dynasty ( C.E.) more centralized than earlier dynasties focused more on civil administration than the military created opportunities for individuals to obtain Confucian education – more candidates accepted Chapter Fifteen: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia

17 Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Major advancements/developments Intensified patriarchy Veneration of ancestors Foot binding Chapter Fifteen: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia

18 Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Sources From The Past: The Poet Du Fu on Tang Dynasty Wars Chapter Fifteen: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia “We have learned that to have a son is bad luck – It is very much better to have a daughter Who can marry and live in the house of a neighbor, While under the sod we bury our boys…” - Du Fu ( C.E.)

19 Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Major advancements/developments Moveable type Naval technology compass canvas sails Chapter Fifteen: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia

20 Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Major advancements/developments Improved agricultural techniques metallurgy artificial irrigation fast-ripening rice urbanization Chapter Fifteen: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia

21 Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Major advancements/developments Paper money spreads to Abbasid Caliphate Chapter Fifteen: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia

22 Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. The Economic Development of Tang and Song China Technological and Industrial Development Porcelain Metallurgy Gunpowder Chapter Fifteen: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia

23 Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Decline and fall of the Song Dynasty Large bureaucracy put strain on empire peasants rebel against tax increases Military scholar bureaucrats had little military training Chapter Fifteen: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia

24 Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. The Economic Development of Tang and Song China The Emergence of a Market Economy Financial Instruments Paper Money A Cosmopolitan Society China and the Hemispheric Economy Chapter Fifteen: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia

25 Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Cultural Change in Tang and Song China The Establishment of Buddhism Foreign Relations in China Buddhism in China Buddhism and Daoism Chan Buddhism Hostility to Buddhism Persecution Chapter Fifteen: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia

26 Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Cultural Change in Tang and Song China Neo-Confucianism Confucians and Buddhism Zhu Xi Neo-Confucian Influence Chapter Fifteen: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia

27 Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chinese Influence in East Asia Korea and Vietnam The Silla Dynasty Chinese Influence in Korea China and Vietnam Chinese Influence in Vietnam Chapter Fifteen: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia

28 Copyright ©2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. China in East Asia Medieval Japan Political Decentralization The Samurai Chapter Fifteen: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia


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