Presentation on theme: "Post-classical: tang & Song dynasties of china"— Presentation transcript:
1 Post-classical: tang & Song dynasties of china Like Western Europe after the decline of the Roman Empire, China entered a long period of turmoil and unrest after the collapse of the Han Dynasty in A.D. 220.As in the west, the advance of the Huns helped plunge China into disunity.Several warring kingdoms arose, and science, art and culture declined; however, during this same time Buddhism spread through much of China.It took several hundred years before China re-emerged as one of the world’s leading civilizations under the Tang Dynasty.
2 Tang Dynasty (A.D. 618 – 907): Golden Age of China Emperor Tang Taizong: second emperorMilitary buildup/expansion to Tibet, Vietnam, Manchuria; frontier Turkish forcesEmpress Wu Zhao 688: Conquest of KoreaTang era is the first time gun powder is used as a weaponSignificant engineering achievements: bridges, canals, irrigationEconomic Developments:First use of paper money/banks; flying money: credit vouchersForeign trade on Silk Road grew, tea from SE AsiaAttempt to help the free peasants with redistribution of landRevival of a strong bureaucracy/Confucianism - Civil Service Examination system expandedBuddhism flourishes under early Tang leaders like Empress Wu (wants to establish Buddhism as a state religion)Achievements play a greater role than in the Han dynasty, in shaping China today.First use of block printing to make copies of Confucian texts to study for the civil service exams
3 FOOTBINDING – role of women under Tang and Song declines due to traditional beliefs of Confucianism that a woman must obey her father; the practice of footbinding began under the Song Dynasty and shows the desire to limit female mobility – this gave wealthy women small feet which was considered attractive
4 To invaders from the North •Political DevelopmentsRule limited to southern China after Tang losses in Central Asia and ManchuriaEconomic DevelopmentsIntroduction of a fast-growing rice from Vietnam that led to faster growing populationMoveable type spread to Japan and KoreaPaper money contributed to a large-scale economyAdvances in sailing technology, such as the magnetic compass, led to the growth of ocean tradeCultural DevelopmentsReached new heights in Chinese art with natural landscapes and objects drawn with black inkChina’s population was at 100 million with ten cities having at least 1 million peopleSONG DYNASTY(A. D. 960 – 12 76)Song Dynasty will fallTo invaders from the North