When Wilson divulged the contents of the Zimmerman Telegram, a wave of indignation swept the country. This information, compounded by the German use of unrestricted submarine warfare made American entry into the war inevitable.
Women in the Military Women served in the war, but only in non-combat positions – Nurses, radio operators, electricians, photographers, pharmacists, torpedo assemblers The Army Nursing Corps served overseas including 10,000 women
The Home Front War Industries Board created – Oversaw war time productions Raw materials, construction of new factories, manufacturing of goods
Paying For the War Liberty Bonds & Victory Bonds helped raise $ for the war – By buying bonds, ‘Mericans were loaning the govt money – Taxes were also raised
Women Support Industries Increased opportunity for women – Took jobs vacated by men in the military Factory & manufacturing jobs, shipping & railraod After the war, many women were replaced by men
The Great Migration Between 300k-500k African Americans left the south to fill factory jobs in the north – Changed the racial makeup of northern cities and caused tensions after the war
Supreme Court Limits Free Speech In landmark case Schenck v U.S., court ruled free speech could be altered during times of “clear and present danger” – Controlled public opinion and stopped antiwar protests
The Conflict Trench Warfare – “No Man’s Land” – Reliance on machine gun New Technology – Poison gas, tank, airplanes
The War’s Impact Effects of WWI on Economy Rapid InflationStrikes Mass demand for goods
The Red Scare ‘Mericans became anti-German during and after the war & anti-communist when Russia withdrew Communism became associated with being unpatriotic and disloyal
The Red Scare The Red Scare became a nationwide panic that Communists, or “reds”, might seize power Postal Service caught over 30 letters to leading businessmen that exploded when opened suggesting a country wide conspiracy – Most believed the bombs were the work of Communists or other revolutionaries
The Red Scare Palmer Raids, led by General Palmer, were raids on headquarters of radical organizations and homes of suspicious people accused of being led by reds – Run through the General Intelligence Division, soon to be FBI, led by J Edgar Hoover – Palmer loss credibility when he started predicting events that didn’t occur
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