Presentation on theme: "Chapter 19 World War 1 and Its Aftermath"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 19 World War 1 and Its Aftermath Section 4The War’s Impact
2An Economy in TurmoilAfter WWI ended, rapid inflation resulted when gov’t agencies removed their controls from the economy.Inflation increased the cost of living – the cost of food, clothing, shelter, and other essentials people need.
3Inflation Leads to Strikes While workers needed higher wages to keep up with the cost of living, companies wanted lower wages due to an increase in operating costs.Number of members in unions increased greatly.Unions were better organized than before leading to more strikes.
4The Seattle General Strike General Strike – involve all workers living in a certain location.1st major general strike – Seattle – 35,000 shipyard workers walked off the job.Soon other unions joined.Involved more than 60,000 people and paralyzed the city for five days
13The Steel Strike Riot in Gary, Indiana killing 18 strikers. The failure of the strike set the union cause back in the steel industry until 1937.
14Racial UnrestSummer of 1919, race riots occurred in many Northern cities.Caused by the return on hundreds of thousands of American soldiers who needed to find employment.Great Migration caused competition for jobs in the North.Worst violence happened in Chicago.
15The Red ScareAfter WWI, Americans associated communism with disloyalty and unpatriotic behavior.The numerous strikes in the U.S. in 1919 made Americans fear that Communists or “reds” might take control.
16The Red Scare BeginsThe USPS intercepted 30 parcels addressed to leaders in the business and political arena that were to set to explode upon opening.One bomb damaged the home of U.S. Attorney Gen. A. Mitchell Palmer.
19The Palmer RaidsPalmer set up a special division in the Justice Department called the General Intelligence Division, headed by J. Edgar Hoover.Today this is known as the FBI.Palmer organized raids on various radical organizations, mostly rounding up immigrants who were to be deported.
21The End to Progressivism Warren G. Harding won the election in 1920 with a campaign that called for a return to “normalcy,” or a return to the simpler days before the Progressive Era reforms.Harding won the election by a landslide.The American people liked the idea of returning to a simpler time.