2Vocabulary1. Explain the significance of: cost of living, general strike, Calvin Coolidge, Red Scare, A. Mitchell Palmer, J. Edgar Hoover, deportcost of living – cost of food, clothing, shelter, and other essentials that people need to survive; inflation greatly increased the cost of living following WWIgeneral strike – strike that involves all workers in a community, not just workers in a particular industry2
3Vocabulary1. Explain the significance of: Calvin Coolidge, Red Scare, A. Mitchell Palmer, J. Edgar Hoover, deportCalvin Coolidge – governor during Boston police strike of 1919; 75% of police walked off the job, caused riots and looting in the city, Coolidge called-in the National GuardRed Scare - nationwide panic in 1919 brought on by strikes which caused people to believe the Communists, or “reds,” would seize powerPicture (bottom right): A "European anarchist" attempting to destroy the Statue of Liberty (1919)3
4Vocabulary1. Explain the significance of: A. Mitchell Palmer, J. Edgar Hoover, deportA. Mitchell Palmer – June 1919, bombs in 8 cities exploded within minutes of one another, one damaged the home of U.S. Attorney General A. Mitchell PalmerJ. Edgar Hoover – led special division within the Justice Department called the General Intelligence Division (later became Federal Bureau of Investigation, or FBI)deport - to expel individuals from a country4
5Conversion to a peacetime economy Main Ideas2. Identifying Use a chart like the one below to list the various causes of labor unrest in 1919.CausesConversion to a peacetime economyLabor unrestinflationlayoffsLowered wages
6Main Ideas Strikes Race riots Protests The 1917 Russian Revolution 3. Describing What events made many Americans believe a revolution was imminent in 1919?StrikesRace riotsProtestsThe 1917 Russian Revolution4. Big Ideas Why did the end of World War I bring such turmoil to the United States?Soldiers returned home from the warShift from a wartime to a peacetime economyPent-up demand for higher wages to purchase new consumer goodsAdjusting to new social climate after the Great Migration
7Main Ideas5. Analyzing Provide evidence to explain whether or not the Palmer raids deprived some people of their civil rights.Palmer’s agents often ignored the civil liberties of the suspects.Authorities detained thousands of suspects and nearly 600 people were deported.