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1. INVERSION WITH “NO” AND “NOT” No+ N + auxiliary + S+ Verb (inf) Not (any) + N + auxiliary + S + verb(inf) E.g.: No money shall I lend you from now on.

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Presentation on theme: "1. INVERSION WITH “NO” AND “NOT” No+ N + auxiliary + S+ Verb (inf) Not (any) + N + auxiliary + S + verb(inf) E.g.: No money shall I lend you from now on."— Presentation transcript:

1 1. INVERSION WITH “NO” AND “NOT” No+ N + auxiliary + S+ Verb (inf) Not (any) + N + auxiliary + S + verb(inf) E.g.: No money shall I lend you from now on. Not a word did she say to me.

2 1. INVERSION WITH negative adverbs: Never, Rarely, Seldom, Little, Hardly ever,..... Never/ Rarely/ Seldom /Little/ Hardly ever+ auxiliary+ S+ V Little did he understand the situation. Rarely in mid-summer does it snow. Hardly ever does he speak in public. Never have I been more insulted! Seldom has he seen anything stranger.

3 1. INVERSION WITH “ONLY” Only once: Only once did I meet him. Only later/then/(after + N): Only later did he recognize her face. Only then was I allowed to meet the author. only in this/that way: Only in this way, can we recover from the crisis.

4 1. INVERSION WITH “ONLY” (cont.) Only by + V_ing: Only by studying harder can you pass the exam. Only when+ clause: Only when I took the test did I realize how little I knew Only with+ N: Only with a sharper knife, can you cut the meat. Only if+ clause: Only if he promised to help would she tell him where he had left his keys. Only in adverbs of time/place: Only at night can you see the stars.

5 1. INVERSION WITH “NO PHRASES” At no time: At no time have I come there.. On no condition: On no condition will I give you the password. On no account + auxiliary+ S+ N: On no account can you treat her badly like this. Under/ in no circumstances: In no circumstances will I leave you alone. For no reason: For no reason did he visit us. In no way: In no way can you refuse to answer my question. - -

6 1. INVERSION WITH TIME EXPRESSIONS 1. INVERSION WITH TIME EXPRESSIONS No sooner than..... Hardly/ Rarely/ Scarcely when/ before No sooner had I came home than the rain down- poured. Hardly had the train left the station, when there was an explosion. Scarcely had I entered the room when the phone rang.

7 1. INVERSION WITH Not only but......also..... Not only + auxiliary + S + V but.... also Not only is he good at English but he also draws very well

8 1. INVERSION WITH so/such…….that…….. So+ adj/ adv + auxiliary + S+V+ that clause: Such + N + auxiliary + S+V+ that clause: So difficult was the exam that few student passed it. Such was the force of the storm that trees were uprooted. Such is the popularity of the play that the theatre is likely to be full every night.

9 1. INVERSION after so, neither and nor: I’m going home: So am I. I don’t like meat. Neither do I. The council never wanted the new supermarket to be built, nor did local residents.

10 1. INVERSION with 1. INVERSION with NOT UNTIL Not until +clause: Not until she noticed me, did I know he had quitted the job. Not until +noun phrase: Not until the final minute could we know the match result.

11 1. INVERSION with 1. INVERSION with CONDITIONAL SENTENCES Type 1: If clause = should+S+V: Should you miss the train, call me immediately. Type 2: If clause= Were + to V/ Were + S: If I were a doctor, I could help you. => Were I a doctor, I could help you. If I knew her I would invite her to the party.  Were I to know her I would invite her to the party.

12 1. INVERSION with 1. INVERSION with CONDITIONAL SENTENCES (cont.) Type 3: If clause = Had + S + PII: If clause = Had + S + PII: If my parents hadn't encouraged me, I would not have passed exam. => Had my parents not encouraged me, I would not have passed exam.


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