Presentation on theme: "Available Birth Control Methods. ABSTINENCE –This is the total avoidance of sexual activity. –It carries a 0 (zero) percent chance of getting pregnant."— Presentation transcript:
Available Birth Control Methods
ABSTINENCE –This is the total avoidance of sexual activity. –It carries a 0 (zero) percent chance of getting pregnant. –The mystery of Aspirine
BIRTH CONTROL PILLS –These artificial hormone pills are taken daily to stop ovaries from producing eggs. –Chances of getting pregnant: less than 1% when taken daily. 3% if you miss pill(s).
BIRTH CONTROL PILLS –Advantages: Simple and easy to use, without interfering with sex. Usually makes periods regular, with less bleeding and cramping. Decreases risk of ovarian cysts and some pelvic infections. Protects against endometrial and ovarian cancer. Decreases osteoporosis risk. Some brands clear up acne.
BIRTH CONTROL PILLS –Disadvantages: Available only with prescription. Must remember to take pill every day. Slightly increases risk of blood clots, high blood pressure, heart attacks and strokes. Should not be taken by women over 35 who smoke. May cause changes in weight and mood. Might increase spotting and vaginal infections
CONDOMS –This is usually a rubber sock which fits snuggly over the erect penis to catch the man's sperm. –Chances of getting pregnant: 3% when you use it correctly every time. 12% if you don't. less than 1% if used with sperm-killing foam every time.
CONDOMS –Advantages: Widely available without a prescription. Easy to carry and to use, only when needed. Can help protect against sexually- transmitted diseases Cheap.
CONDOMS –Disadvantages: Must always be put on during sex… Not after….beggining Some men complain it reduces sexual feelings. Certain condoms may irritate the male or female genitals.
Depo-Provera –This quarterly shot stops egg from being released from ovary and interferes with sperm's ability to enter womb. –Chances of getting pregnant are less than 1%.
Depo-Provera –Advantages: Does not interfere with sex. Effect of single shot lasts 3 months. Safe to use while breastfeeding. Often decreases cramping and bleeding during periods.
Depo-Provera –Disadvantages: Periods usually become completely unpredictable, including the total cessation of bleeding. You must get a shot every 3 months. It may be difficult to get pregnant for several months after the shots are discontinued. You may have temporary weight gain, moodiness, headaches, and/or dizziness. Not for women with liver or heart disease, breast cancer, or blood clots.
Diaphragm –This multiple-use, small, rubber cup fits inside the vagina where it holds sperm- killing jelly or cream over the opening of the womb. –Chances of getting pregnant: 6% when you use it correctly every time. 18% if you don't.
Diaphragm –Advantages: Can be placed into vagina up to 2 hours before having sex. Necessary to use only when needed.
Diaphragm –Disadvantages: Available only by prescription after properly fitted by health care provider. Increases bladder infections in some women. Failure to remove within 12 hours increases risk of Toxic Shock Syndrome. Some find it difficult to insert and remove. Jelly or cream can be messy and may (rarely) irritate the male or female genitals. The diaphragm must be left in place 6 to 8 hours after sex. Do not prevent STD´s
FOAM and SUPPOSITORIES –Chances of getting pregnant: 6% when you use it correctly every time. 21% if you don't. less than 1% if used with condom each time.
–Advantages: Available over-the- counter. Easy to carry and to use, only when needed. FOAM and SUPPOSITORIES
–Disadvantages: Must be put into vagina shortly before having sex. Can be messy and may irritate the male or female genitals Do not protect against STD´s FOAM and SUPPOSITORIES
IUD (intrauterine device) –A health care provider must place inside the womb this small device which causes any fertilized egg to be aborted. –Chances of getting pregnant are 1-2%.
IUD (intrauterine device) –Advantages: Always in place. Does not interfere with sex. It´s only necessary to change after 3 years
IUD (intrauterine device) –Disadvantages: May cause increased bleeding and cramping during periods and spotting between periods. It is necessary to be removed if you get pregnant. Should not be used by women who have multiple sexual partners. Provides no protection against AIDS and other sexually- transmitted diseases. Chance of pelvic infection is increased. Tubal pregnancy risk is increased. Very rarely can poke a hole in the womb during or long after placement.
NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING –Avoid sexual intercourse during fertile days of the menstrual cycle. –Chances of getting pregnant: 1-9% if very careful and very regular every month % if you aren't.
Natural Family Planning –Advantages: Approved for married couples by all religious groups. Very inexpensive. May improve couple's cooperation and communication. No delay when ready to become pregnant
–Disadvantages: Body temperature and vaginal mucus must be tested every day. Doesn't work if periods are not predictably regular. Sexual partner must be completely cooperative. Special teaching required. Natural Family Planning
NORPLANT –These slim, hormone-filled capsules, placed under the skin by a health care provider, stop egg from being released from ovary and interfere with sperm's ability to enter womb. –Chances of getting pregnant are less than 1%.
Norplant –Advantages: Always in place and does not interfere with sex. Effective for 5 years Can be removed when ready to become pregnant
Norplant –Disadvantages: Periods often become completely unpredictable, including the total cessation of bleeding. The initial cost may be as much as $650. “Minor” surgery is necessary to place and remove. Not for women with liver or heart disease, breast cancer, or blood clots.
SPONGE –This single-use, small, soft sponge fits inside the vagina where it covers the opening of the womb to block, absorb, and kill sperm. –Chances of getting pregnant: If you have never been pregnant: 9% when you use it correctly every time. 18% if you don't. If you have had children: 20% when you use it correctly every time. 36% if you don't.
Sponge –Advantages: Widely available without a prescription. Easy to carry and to use, only when needed. Can be inserted several hours before sex and left in place for up to 24 hours.
Sponge –Disadvantages: Some women find it hard to remove and can tear sponge. Can make intercourse dry and may irritate the male or female genitals. Slightly increases risk of Toxic Shock Syndrome, especially if used during period. May increase chances of vaginal infections. Risk of pregnancy is too high for women who have had children. Does not protect against AIDS and other STD´s
STERILIZATION –An operation for men and women which permanently makes it impossible to have a baby. A vasectomy is much safer than a tubal ligation. –Chances of getting pregnant are 0.1% (1 in 1,000).
Sterilization –Advantages: No other birth control method will ever be needed (except for protection against sexually- transmitted diseases). Does not physically affect sexual ability or desire.
Sterilization –Disadvantages: You cannot later change your mind because sterilization is permanent Some exceptions could exists depending of techniques used by the surgeon.
Hormone Patche Just Once a Week... Convenient to use... It can be used either on the first day of the period, or on the first Sunday after the period starts. It should change the patch on the same day each week. The time of day that is changed it does not matter. Flexible to wear... It is possible pick one of four places on your body to wear your patch: It can wear the patch in a different place each week. Living with the patche: You can swim, exercise, bathe, shower, and wear the patch in warm, humid conditions. And because it's so thin, you can easily wear it under your clothes. Simple to stop... When you are ready to have a baby, talk with your healthcare professional about stopping ORTHO EVRA. As with other birth control methods, there may be some delay in becoming pregnant after you stop using ORTHO EVRA. This is especially true if your periods were irregular before you started using ORTHO EVRA. You may want to wait until your periods become more regular after you stop using ORTHO EVRA before trying to become pregnant.
Methods who are NOT safe Withdrawal A small amount of semen escapes from the penis prior to ejaculation. Withdrawal does not work because millions of sperm can be in the small amount that escapes. Rhythm: Remember, ovulation occurs 14 days BEFORE the period. If you are only counting days, it's like playing roulette. It matters if you are a day off. Remember sperm live for up to FIVE DAYS. Intercourse during Menstruation If you have a long period and a short cycle, you can be ovulating at the end of your period. Not safe.
The First Time Right - and birds don't fly. Standing up immediately after sex A chemical attraction stronger than gravity is at work here. Sorry, standing doesn't make it. Praying Prayer works for many things - pregnancy prevention isn't one of them. Douching with Pepsi, Coke, etc. "The Pause that Refreshes®", "The Real Thing®", and others may quench your thirst, but don't expect their secret formula to keep you from getting pregnant. Nothing, Good Luck: Doing nothing gives you an 85% chance of getting pregnant!!! Methods who are not methods
Remember… Sometimes sex could be safe Sometimes could be fun Sometimes could be satisfactory Sometimes could be a problem…