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Junior/Senior health Period 1- Mr. Vazquez

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Presentation on theme: "Junior/Senior health Period 1- Mr. Vazquez"— Presentation transcript:

1 Junior/Senior health Period 1- Mr. Vazquez
Contraception Junior/Senior health Period 1- Mr. Vazquez

2 Facts About Pregnancy Prevention
750,000 teens become pregnant each year Sperm can live from 3-6 days in the female reproductive tract Sometimes females can ovulate before their first menstruation Combination of sperm life and ovulation means pregnancy can occur during menstruation It only takes one Sperm cannot be flushed out of the vagina by urinating

3 Facts Continued Sperm cannot be flushed out by douching
It can just take a few minutes for pregnancy to occur Withdrawal is not an affective method Pre-Ejaculatory Semen deposited near vagina Self Control

4 Contraception Contraception-prevention of pregnancy
Only one 100% method=Abstinence 4 Categories of Contraception: Fertility Awareness Methods (FAM) Barrier Methods Hormonal Methods Permanent Methods

5 Fertility Awareness Methods
FAM=methods of contraception that involve determining the fertile days of the female’s menstrual cycle, and avoiding intercourse those days These methods are about 80% effective Teen’s menstruation cycle is irregular, less easy to predict Basal Body Temp Method- Uses body temperature to measure ovulation Cervical Mucus Method- Checking the mucus levels, clear, stringy, slippery means ovulation is nearing Once ovulation is determined to be near the couple will refrain from sexual intercourse for 6-7 days before and 3 days after ovulation Menstrual Cycle must be regulated, no protection against STD’s

6 Barrier Methods Barrier methods are devices that prevent the sperm from reaching the egg either physically or chemically. Male Condom- a thin sheath of latex, plastic, or animal tissue that is placed on the erect penis to catch semen. Some are coated with spermicides. Female Condom- a polyurethane pouch that fits inside the vagina. *No petroleum based products should be used with condoms *No heat, especially when storing

7 The Sponge A disc-shaped polyurethane device that contains spermicide
Must be placed in the vagina prior to sexual intercourse Works for up to 24 hours Cannot be removed for up to 6 hours Must be removed by 30 hours

8 The Diaphragm and Cervical Cap
Have to be obtained through prescription Diaphragm- a soft latex or silicone cup with a flexible rim that covers the entrance to the cervix Must be placed in before sexual activity and left in for 6 hours after, but no more than 24 If sexual intercourse occurs again must reapply spermicides without removing Cervical Cap-a thimble-shaped, soft latex cup that fits snugly over the cervix. Spermicides are applied to both sides before insertion. Must be filled 1/3 with spermicides, Stay in at least 6 hours after, but not more than 48 Both come in different sizes, so a pelvic exam is required Must be resized after birth, weight gain, weight loss


10 Spermicides Foams, Jellies, Creams, and Tablets are non-prescription forms of birth control that contain spermicides Usually applied using an applicator deep into the vagina near the cervix To be affective must be applied 5 to 90 minutes before intercourse Must remain in place from 6-8 hours after, do not wash


12 Hormonal Methods Work by suppressing ovulation or preventing fertilization or implantation Oral contraceptives, patches, vaginal rings, injections, and implants

13 The Birth Control Pill Oral Contraceptives- hormone pills that, taken correctly, create changes in the female body that prevent pregnancy. Prescribed by a doctor Contain synthetic versions of estrogen and progesterone Must be taken everyday to be effective- 99.9% Missed pill=Another form of contraception

14 The Pill Side Effects Nausea Weight Gain Mood Swings
Changes in Menstrual Cycle High Blood Pressure, Blood Clots, and Stroke- Not for Overweight or Smokers


16 The Patch Is hormonal contraceptive by releasing estrogen and progestin to stop ovulation Prescription only Worn on the lower abdomen, buttocks, or upper body Replaced once a week for three weeks Higher risk for blood clots

17 Vaginal Contraceptive Ring
Prescribed by the doctor Releases estrogen and progestin to stop ovulation A flexible ring that is placed in the vagina for three weeks and then removed during menstruation Must be in place for 7 consecutive days If removed more than 3 hours then another form of contraception should be used


19 Contraceptive Injection
A injection that female receives every three months to prevent ovulation Prescription Required Contains progestin. Thickens cervical mucus as well as prevents ovulation Not to be used long term due to high levels of progesterone Usually started during or a few days after a menstrual cycle


21 Contraceptive Implants
A thin rod that is placed under the skin on the upper arm by a doctor The rod releases progestin which thickens the cervical mucus preventing sperm from traveling too far It can also prevent ovulation altogether

22 Permanent Methods Methods that involve surgical procedures that make a male or female incapable of reproducing Vasectomy- A sterilization procedure for males in which each vas deferens is cut and sealed Permanent method in which sperm are separated from semen Sperm still produced Takes ejaculations to clear all semen of sperm Reversal should not be planned


24 Tubal Ligation Sterilization process for females in which the fallopian tubes are cut and tied or clamped to prevent sperm from reaching the ova An ova is still released, but will just dissolve Requires hospital stay No reversal should be planned


26 Abstinence The only 100% effective method Also effective against STD’s


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