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 Latex best or polyurethane  Goes over ERECT penis before makes contact with the VAGINA  Captures sperm  ADVANTAGES:  protect against many STDs including.

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Presentation on theme: " Latex best or polyurethane  Goes over ERECT penis before makes contact with the VAGINA  Captures sperm  ADVANTAGES:  protect against many STDs including."— Presentation transcript:

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2  Latex best or polyurethane  Goes over ERECT penis before makes contact with the VAGINA  Captures sperm  ADVANTAGES:  protect against many STDs including HIV/AIDS  Inexpensive  Available without prescription  DISADVANTAGES:  Careful handling & timing necessary  May reduce sensation for both  Some people may be allergic to latex

3  REMEMBER:  Check expiry date  Check packet is not damaged  Use ONLY water based lubricants  Do not use OIL based lubricants  Keep condoms in dry cool place  Do not flush down toilet  Leave space for sperm in the tip (but no air bubbles)  Air bubbles can cause the condom to tear  USE a new condom for every NEW round!!!

4  Held in place by 2 flexible rings  Lines the Vagina  Inserted into vagina before physical contact  End rings covers cervix  Open ring remains outside vagina  Made of polyurethane  ADVANTAGES:  Inexpensive & available without prescription  Helps protect against MANY STDs including HIV/AIDs  Does not need an erection to keep in position  Both water & oil based lubricants can be used

5  DISADVANTAGES:  Must be inserted before intercourse  Cannot be used with a male condom  May reduce sensation or cause irritation for one or both partners  Should not be used by people with polyurethane allergy

6  Deep silicone cup shaped like sailors cap  Fits around cervix  Healthcare professional must determine size  Cap must be coated with spermicide prior to intercourse  After intercourse should be left inside for at least 6 hrs  Should not be worn for longer than 48hrs

7  ADVANTAGES:  A cervical cap or diaphragm are comfortable  DISADVANTAGES:  Must be inserted before intercourse  Must be a proper fit to be effective  Less effective in women who have already given birth  Diaphragm increases risk of bladder infection  Weight gain and loss can effect the fit of diaphram

8  Soft & disposable sponge made from polyurethane foam  Covers cervix  Blocks sperm & also releases spermicide  Protection from pregnancy begins once inserted  Lasts up to 24hrs  Needs to be left in place for 6hrs post intercourse  Not to be worn more 30hrs

9  ADVANTAGES:  Comfortable & available without prescription  DISADVANTAGES:  Must be inserted before intercourse  Some women experience vaginal irritation  Difficulty in removal  Allergic reactions

10  Chemical inserted deep into vagina  Before intercourse to block & kill sperm  Comes in many forms – including foams, creams, tablets, gels, suppositories, films  More effective when used with other forms of protection

11 STAND UP TURN AROUND & Stretch!!!

12 OUT OF ALL THE CONTRACETIVES DISCUSSED SO FAR WHICH ONE DO YOU THINK IS THE MOST EFFECTIVE IN PREVENTING PREGNANCY?

13  Male CONDOM about 87%  Cervical Cap (with spermicide) 85%  (females who have not given birth)  DIAPHRAGM 82%  FEMALE condom 79%  Spermicide 72%

14  TWO TYPES:  Progestin & Estrogen  Progestin only  1) PROGESTIN & ESTROGEN  Combination pill  Hormonal ring  Hormonal patch  2) PROGESTIN only  Progestin only pill  Hormonal injection  Implanon

15  Pill  Taken orally  Releases consistent dose of hormones  Stops egg release  Hormones makes body think it has released an egg so mimics reaction  Women still has menstrual cycle  Hormonal Ring  Small flexible ring placed in vagina  Removed after 3 weeks (out for one week) then replaced

16  Hormonal Patch  thin plastic patch attaches to skin  Worn for 3 weeks (new one each week)  DISADVANTAGES OF ALL:  May increase risk of blood clots, stroke, heart attack or high blood pressure  May cause bleeding between periods, change in weight, depression, breast tenderness….  IT influences your hormones so different effects for different people!!!!

17  Hormonal injection  Every 12 weeks by professional  Can cause bone loss  Implanon  Size of a matchstick  Flexible plastic rod  Inserts into skin in upper arm  Can be used up to 3 years

18 DO YOU THINK THE HORMONAL CONTRACEPTIVES ARE MORE EFFECTIVE THAN THE BARRIERS IN PREVENTING PREGNANCY?

19  YES!!!  Hormonal Injection 98%  Both types Pill 92%

20  Hormonal IUD  Inserted by professional into uterus  Small plastic device containing hormones  Some can be left in place for 5yrs  Women in LT faithful relationships  Copper IUD  As above for insertion  Prevents sperm fertilizing egg  10 yrs  Increases chance of ectopic pregnancy

21  IUD are the most effective method of preventing pregnancy with 99% success rate  However with all of these you need to seek professional advice  Different people’s bodies react differently to all forms of contraceptives  The type of relationship you are in can determine the contraceptive choices you make

22  FEMALE – surgical & non-surgical  Techniques to close the fallopian tubes  Permanent protection from pregnancy  Once results confirmed no other birth control is needed  Generally irreversible  MALE – surgical  Vasectomy  Vas deferens tube carries sperm is blocked  Once results confirmed no other birth control needed  Generally irreversible

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25  Most of these methods will NOT prevent STDs unless used in combination with a CONDOM.  Most of these methods are NOT recommended unless you are in a LONG TERM, SAFE and FAITHFUL relationship

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