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Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein PAKAN UNGGAS 70-80% BMT SUMBER ENERGI 20-30% BMT SUMBER PROTEIN 10% ADDITIVE, VIT MINERAL MIX.

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Presentation on theme: "Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein PAKAN UNGGAS 70-80% BMT SUMBER ENERGI 20-30% BMT SUMBER PROTEIN 10% ADDITIVE, VIT MINERAL MIX."— Presentation transcript:

1 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein PAKAN UNGGAS 70-80% BMT SUMBER ENERGI 20-30% BMT SUMBER PROTEIN 10% ADDITIVE, VIT MINERAL MIX

2 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein 1.SUMBER PROTEIN NABATI 1.BUNGKIL-BUNGKILAN (OILSEED MEAL) 2.BIJI LEGUMINOSA (LEGUME GRAIN) 3.TEPUNG DAUN (GREEN MEAL) 4.LAIN-LAIN (MISCELLANEOUS) 2.SUMBER PROTEIN HEWANI 1.MARINE PRODUCT 2.SLAUGHTER HOUSE BY-PRODUCT 3.NOVEL FEED 4.MILK PRODUCT 5.ANIMAL WASTE

3 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein 1.SUMBER PROTEIN NABATI 1.BUNGKIL-BUNGKILAN 1.SOYBEAN MEAL 2.COTTON SEED MEAL 3.GROUNDNUT MEAL 4.RAPE SEED MEAL 5.SUNFLOWER MEAL 6.COCONUT MEAL 7.SESAME MEAL 8.CASTOR SEED MEAL 9.KAPOK SEED MEAL 2.BIJI LEGUMINOSA 1.KACANG HIJAU 2.KEDELE 3.BIJI KECIPIR 3.TEPUNG DAUN 1.DAUN LAMTORO 2.DAUN UBI JALAR, DLL 4. LAIN-LAIN 1.INDUSTRIAL BYPRODUCT 2.FERMENTATION RESIDUES 3.SINGLE CELL PROTEIN

4 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein 2. SUMBER PROTEIN HEWANI 1.MARINE PRODUCT 1.FISH MEAL 2.SHRIMP MEAL 2.SLAUGHTER HOUSE BY-PRODUCT 1.MEAT AND BONE MEAL 2.BLOOD MEAL 3.HYDROLIZED FEATHER MEAL 4.POULTRY BY-PRODUCT MEAL 3.NOVEL FEED 1.INSECT 2.FLY LARVAE AND PUPAE 3.SILKWORM PUPAE 4.GRASSHOPPERS 5.MORMON CRICKET 6.TERMITE 7.BEES 8.EARTHWORM 4.MILK PRODUCT

5 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein 5.ANIMAL WASTE 1.POULTRY WASTE 2.POULTRY LITTER 3.SWINE WASTE 4.CATTLE WASTE

6 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein PRODUCTION 10 6 M TON/YEAR FEEDSTUFFWORLDASIAMAIN PRODUCING COUNTRIES SOYABEAN CHINA, INDIA, INDONESIA COTTON CHINA, INDIA, PAKISTAN GROUNDNUT INDIA, CHINA SUNFLOWER CHINA, INDIA, BURMA COPRA PHIL, INDO, VITNAM PALM KERNEL MALAY, INDO, CHINA SESAME CHINA, INDIA, BURMA RUBBER SEED MALAY, INDIA, PAK, INDO

7 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein BMT CPARGMETLYS JAGUNG JAK SEED MEAL MILLET BREADFRUIT DATE SORGHUM MILLET PROSO CP, %DM ASAM AMINO, g/100g CP

8 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein OIL SEED MEAL MECHANICAL PRESSINGSOLVENT EXCTRACTED % FAT - HIGHER ENERGY - OVER 140 O C - DESTROY AA - LOWER AA AVAILABILITY - PROT-REDUCING SUGAR - LYS, ARG, THRE, LEU, TRYP - <2% FAT - LOWER ENERGY

9 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein 1a.SOYBEAN MEAL % CP Kkal - BALANCED AA - ANTI NUTRITIONAL FACTOR 1b. FULL FAT SOYBEAN MEAL  HE DFF  EXTRUDED FF  ROASTED FF  MICRONIZED FF A. OILSEED MEAL

10 SURISDIARTO-BMT-SUMBER PROTEIN

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13 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein 2.COTTONSEED MEAL kg FIBER  160 kg SEED - 52% MEAL, 23% HULL, 17% OIL, 8% LINTERS - 38% CP Kkal - LOWER LYS 4.2% - GOSSYPOL % LAYER, 0,07% BROILER - MACHANICAL % - SOLVENT % - SAFETY FACTOR 0.3% A. OILSEED MEAL

14 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein 3.GROUNDNUT MEAL % CP, 13% CF, 7% FAT Kkal - LOWER LYS - TANNIN 4.COCONUT MEAL % RENDEMENT % CP, 14% CF, 18% FAT - LOWER LYS, 3% Kkal % INCLUSION

15 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein 5.KAPOK SEED MEAL - 30% CP, 18% CF, 6% FAT Kkal - LOW LYS 4.2%, HIGH TYR 6.7% - CYCLOPROPENOID ACID  YOLK COLOR - TANNIN - GOOD RUMINANT FEED - INCLUSION 10% FOR POULTRY 6.RUBBER SEED MEAL - 26% CP, 9% CF, 10% FAT Kkal - LOWER LYS, 3.6% - HCN, 20-40mg/kg (FRESH SEED mg/kg) - <20% INCLUSION - REDUCE FERTILITY, HATCHABILITY, DELAY SEXUAL MATURITY

16 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein 7. SESAME MEAL - 40% CP, 8% CF, 6% FAT Kkal - LOWER LYS, HIGH MET, CYS, TRYP - Ca 1,3% - OXALATE 35mg/100g, PHYTATE 5g/100g - INCLUSION 15% 8. SUNFLOWER MEAL % CP, 13% CF, 8% FAT - LOWER LYS, 3.9% Kkal - CHLOROGENIC ACID

17 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein 9. PALM KERNEL MEAL % CP, 15% CF, 8% FAT Kkal - LOWER LYS 3.6%, HIGH SAA - Ca 0,3% - PHYSICALLY DRY AND GRITTY - INCLUSION LOW - REPLACEMENT OF 30% COCONUT/GROUNDNUT 10. CASTOR SEED MEAL - 35% CP, 20% CF, 6% FAT - LOWER LYS, 3% - ME NA - SUPPLY UP TO 40% CP IN DIET - ANTINUTRITIONAL - RICIN - RICININ - CASTORBEAN ALLERGEN

18 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein B. GRAIN LEGUME GENERAL: - HUMAN CONSUMPTION - IN ASIA 20 KIND OF GRAIN CULTIVATED - OFF-GRADE: SMALL, DISCOLOURED, SHRUNKEN, DAMAGED - MODERATE PROTEIN SOURCE 20-25% Kkal - HIGH LYS, LOW MET, MARGINAL TRYP - HAVING HIGH COMPLMENTARY VALUE - ANTINUTRITIONAL FACTOR: - PROTEASE INHIBITOR - CYANOGENS - HAEMAGGLUTININS - GOITROGENS - TANNINS - SAPONIN - ALKALOID - MINERAL BINDING FACTOR - ANTI VITAMIN - TOXIC AA - LATHYROGEN

19 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein C. GREEN MEAL GENERAL: - HIGH MODERATE CP CONTENT 21-30% - HIGH Ca, TRACE MINERAL, VITAMIN - BETA CAROTEN AND XANTHOPHYL - HIGH LYS - POORLY DIGESTED CP - LOW SAA - HIGH CF, PRESENCE TANNIN - LOWER ME - DUSTINESS - BULKY - INCLUSION 5%

20 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein C. GREEN MEAL 1. CASSAVA LEAF MEAL: % CP, 20% CF, 5% FAT Kkal - HCN - INCLUSION < 10% 2. LEUCAENA LEAF MEAL: - 22% CP, 15% CF, 4% FAT Kkal - MIMOSINE  3-HYDROXY-4(1H)-PYRIDONE - MIMOSINE ALLEVIATION: FERRIC SULPHATE, POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL - INCLUSION < 5% - DEPRESSES GROWTH & EGG PRODUCTION

21 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein C. GREEN MEAL 3. SWEET POTATO VINE MEAL: % CP, 23% CF, 3.5% FAT Kkal - NO ANTINUTRITIONAL - GOOD SOURCE OF VITAMIN & MINERAL - INCLUSION < 10% 4. AQUATIC PLANT MEAL: % CP, 6-10% CF, 2-5% FAT, 25-50% ASH Kkal - HIGH WATER CONTENT - INCLUSION < 5%

22 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein GENERAL: - PLANT PROTEIN: - NUTRITIONALLY IMBALANCED - NOT MEET CERTAIN CRITICAL AA, VIT B12 - ANIMAL PROTEIN: - NUTRITIONALLY BALANCED - SOURCES OF THE FLAA AND SAA - FISH MEAL AND MEAT MEAL ARE MOST WIDELY USED - ALL ASIAN COUNTRIES: IMPORTERS - THAILAND, INDIA, PAKISTAN - 4 LARGEST FISH PROD COUNT: JAPAN, CHINA, INDIA, AND SOUTH KOREA

23 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein 1. FISH MEAL - CP VARIES - LOCAL: 40%-50% CP - SOURCE OF Ca, P, TRACE Kkal - UNIDENTIFIED GROWTH FACTOR - LEGAL SALT 3-7% (THOUGH 15% EXIST) - ADULTERATION - OVER HEATED: HISTIDINE-PROTEIN INTERACTION  GIZEROCIN - FISHY TAINT TO MEAT AND EGG

24 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein 2. MEAT MEAL and MEAT BONE MEAL - EXCLUSIVE: HAIR, HOOF, HORN, HIDE TRIMMING, BLOOD, STOMACH CONTENT - MAINLY BONE AND ASSOCATE TISSUE: TENDON, LIGAMENT, SKELETAL MUSCLE, GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, LUNG, CONDEMNED LIVER % BONE - MEAT MEAL: >55%CP, <4.4%P - MBM: 4.4% P -MAJOR PROTEIN IN BONE, CONNECTIVE TISSUE, CARTILAGE, AND TENDON IS COLLAGEN - COLLAGEN CONTAIN NO TRYPTOPHAN - >50-65% PROTEIN IN MM IS COLLAGEN

25 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein 3. BLOOD MEAL kg LIVEWEIGHT  6 kg BLOOD MEAL - > 80% CP, RICH IN LYS, DEF IN ILEU, HIGH LEU - LOW PALABILITY, LOW AVAILABILITY OF LYS - INCLUSION 5% 4. HYDROLIZED FEATHER MEAL - ALMOST PURE PROTEIN OVER 95% CP - KERATIN  COMPLETELY INDIGESTIBLE (DISULPHITE BOND) - 85% CP, RICH IN CYS, DEF IN LYS - OVERALL AA AVAILABILITY 65% - WITH SUPLY OF MET & LYS COULD REPLACE 40% OF DIET’S CP

26 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein 5. POULTRY BY PRODUCT MEAL - VISCERA, HEAD AND FEET, EMPTY INTESTINE - 60% CP, 16% ASH - CP QUALITY LOWER THAN FM, BUT COMPARABLE TO MM - RICH IN CHOLINE - INCLUSION 5% 6. MILK PRODUCT - GOOD SOURCE OF AA - REMEMBER POULTRY UNABLE TO UTILIZE LACTOSE - BACTERIAL ORIGEN LACTASE MAY EXIST IN INTESTINE - INCLUSION 3-5% - 16% IN BROILER NO ADVERSE EFFECTS

27 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein 7. ANIMAL WASTES - 2 kg HEN  FRESH WASTE kg COW  12 TON WASTE - 80 kg PIG  1200 kg WASTE - SPECIES AFFECT CHEMICAL COMPOSITION - CP VARIES, ABANDON NPN (50-65%) - HIGH ASH CONTENT - LOW ME 8. NOVEL SOURCES - HIGH CP CONTENT (42-76%) - CHITINE ( N-ACETYL-GLOCOSAMINE) - CHECK FOR FIBER CONTENT - CHECK FOR FAT CONTENT - INCLUSION VARIES

28 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein 8. NOVEL SOURCES - FLY LARVAE AND PUPAE: 42%CP, 35% FAT - SILKWORM PUPAE: 48%CP, 27% FAT, DEOILED 80%CP UNIDENTIFIED FACTOR: FE, EW, FERTILITY (EGDYSTEROID) - GRASSHOPER: 76%CP (60% DIGES), OFFENSIVE ODOR - MORMON CRICKETS: 58% CP, 16% CF, 9% FAT - TERMITE: 48% CP, 36% FAT - EARTHWORM: 60%CP, LOW Ca, HIGH HEAVY METAL, LOW CHOL - SNAIL: 60%CP, DEF MET, 70-90mg/kg HCN, REPLACE SBM 15%


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