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Animal Nutrition Topic # 3041 Ms. Blakeley http://www.glenroseffa.org
Need for Nourishment body processes require the use of energy obtained from ingested food or stored fat animal must have food to store energy in fat cells
Need for Nourishment animals spend most of their time in search of food maintenance ration must be met first
Need for Nourishment wild animals eat a variety of foods to obtain proper nutrients agricultural animals depend on the producer to provide balanced a ration
Nutrients ________ _____________ _________________
Nutrients _____ or _________ ___________ ____________
Metabolism all the chemical and physical processes that take place in the body
Metabolism anabolism - metabolism that builds tissue catabolism - metabolism that breaks down materials
Water most __________ compound in the world animals must have _________ intakes of water to remain alive
Water provides basis for all of the fluid of the animals body ___________ requires liquid for circulation
Water __________ requires moisture for breakdown of nutrients and movement of feed needed to produce ______
Water provides _____ with pressure to allow them to hold their shape helps body to maintain __________ temperature
Water _________ the animal’s body of waste and toxic materials a loss of _____ of body water will result in death
Water animals generally need about _______ pounds of water for every pound of solid feed they consume
Protein __________ and most costly part of the ration composed of _____________
Amino Acids building blocks of life tissue development muscle production
Protein __________ are composed of protein protein can be used to supply ________
Protein some animals need more protein than others –young animals –lactating (milk producing) animals
Protein ___________ types of amino acids –ten ___________ –thirteen ______________
Protein crude protein content –total amount of protein in a feed –calculated by multiplying ___________ content percentage times 6.25
Protein ___________ protein –the protein in a feed that can be digested and used by the animal –usually about 50-80% of crude protein
Protein - Sources _________ –slaughterhouse by products –dried fish meal
Protein - Sources _________ –superior to animal sources –cottonseed meal –soybean meal, linseed meal –peanut meal, corn meal
Protein balancing rations is based on the ______________ content
Carbohydrates main source of _______ compounds of ________, __________ and ________ include _______, _________ and ___________
Carbohydrates almost all come from _______ generally found in grain –wheat –oats –barley
Carbohydrates types of sugars ________________ - simple sugars –glucose –fructose, galactose
Carbohydrates _______________ - complex sugars –sucrose –lactose
Fats group of organic compounds known as ________ found in plants and animals provide and store ________
Fats essential fatty acids: necessary for production of some hormones and hormone like substances
Fats most important sources are the grains that contain _____
Minerals inorganic have role in providing ____________________ for the animal bones (calcium & phosphorous)
Minerals egg shells (_________) other essential needs provided by minerals aid in construction of muscles, blood cells, internal organs and enzymes
Minerals mineral elements required macro - _____ micro - _____
Minerals usually ______ to feed in their __________ form often fed ____________ mineral ox or trough (salt block)
Vitamins considered ______________ essential for the development of normal body __________
Vitamins health growth production reproduction
Vitamins provides animal with ability to fight stress, disease, and to maintain good health
Vitamin A fat soluble converted from carotene
Vitamin D fat soluble depends on ultraviolet light for synthesis can be made commercially from irradiated yeast
Vitamin E fat soluble found in several forms of the organic compound tocopherol
Vitamin K fat soluble utilized to form the enzyme prothrombin synthesized in rumen and monogastric intestinal tract
Vitamins thiamine: coenzyme in energy metabolism riboflavin: part of two coenzymes that function in energy and protein metabolism
Vitamins pantothenic acid: component of coenzyme A niacin: involved in metabolism of far, carbs and proteins
Vitamins pyridoxine: coenzyme component biotin: part of enzyme involved in fatty acid synthesis
Vitamins folic acid: needed in body cell metabolism choline: component of fats and nerve tissues needed at greater levels than other vitamins
Vitamins B12: coenzyme in several metabolic reactions essential part of red blood cell maturation C: essential in the formation of collagen
Vitamins inositol: found in all feeds and synthesized in the intestine para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA): function no well known
Calcium. A mineral needed to build and maintain bones and teeth. Food in the milk group are a good source of this.
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