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Animal Nutrition Topic # 3041 Ms. Blakeley

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Presentation on theme: "Animal Nutrition Topic # 3041 Ms. Blakeley"— Presentation transcript:

1 Animal Nutrition Topic # 3041 Ms. Blakeley

2 Need for Nourishment body processes require the use of energy obtained from ingested food or stored fat animal must have food to store energy in fat cells

3 Need for Nourishment animals spend most of their time in search of food maintenance ration must be met first

4 Need for Nourishment wild animals eat a variety of foods to obtain proper nutrients agricultural animals depend on the producer to provide balanced a ration

5 Nutrients ________ _____________ _________________

6 Nutrients _____ or _________ ___________ ____________

7 Metabolism all the chemical and physical processes that take place in the body

8 Metabolism anabolism - metabolism that builds tissue catabolism - metabolism that breaks down materials

9 Water most __________ compound in the world animals must have _________ intakes of water to remain alive

10 Water provides basis for all of the fluid of the animals body ___________ requires liquid for circulation

11 Water __________ requires moisture for breakdown of nutrients and movement of feed needed to produce ______

12 Water provides _____ with pressure to allow them to hold their shape helps body to maintain __________ temperature

13 Water _________ the animal’s body of waste and toxic materials a loss of _____ of body water will result in death

14 Water animals generally need about _______ pounds of water for every pound of solid feed they consume

15 Protein __________ and most costly part of the ration composed of _____________

16 Amino Acids building blocks of life tissue development muscle production

17 Protein __________ are composed of protein protein can be used to supply ________

18 Protein some animals need more protein than others –young animals –lactating (milk producing) animals

19 Protein ___________ types of amino acids –ten ___________ –thirteen ______________

20 Protein crude protein content –total amount of protein in a feed –calculated by multiplying ___________ content percentage times 6.25

21 Protein ___________ protein –the protein in a feed that can be digested and used by the animal –usually about 50-80% of crude protein

22 Protein - Sources _________ –slaughterhouse by products –dried fish meal

23 Protein - Sources _________ –superior to animal sources –cottonseed meal –soybean meal, linseed meal –peanut meal, corn meal

24 Protein balancing rations is based on the ______________ content

25 Carbohydrates main source of _______ compounds of ________, __________ and ________ include _______, _________ and ___________

26 Carbohydrates almost all come from _______ generally found in grain –wheat –oats –barley

27 Carbohydrates types of sugars ________________ - simple sugars –glucose –fructose, galactose

28 Carbohydrates _______________ - complex sugars –sucrose –lactose

29 Fats group of organic compounds known as ________ found in plants and animals provide and store ________

30 Fats essential fatty acids: necessary for production of some hormones and hormone like substances

31 Fats most important sources are the grains that contain _____

32 Minerals inorganic have role in providing ____________________ for the animal bones (calcium & phosphorous)

33 Minerals egg shells (_________) other essential needs provided by minerals aid in construction of muscles, blood cells, internal organs and enzymes

34 Minerals mineral elements required macro - _____ micro - _____

35 Minerals usually ______ to feed in their __________ form often fed ____________ mineral ox or trough (salt block)

36 Vitamins considered ______________ essential for the development of normal body __________

37 Vitamins health growth production reproduction

38 Vitamins provides animal with ability to fight stress, disease, and to maintain good health

39 Vitamin A fat soluble converted from carotene

40 Vitamin D fat soluble depends on ultraviolet light for synthesis can be made commercially from irradiated yeast

41 Vitamin E fat soluble found in several forms of the organic compound tocopherol

42 Vitamin K fat soluble utilized to form the enzyme prothrombin synthesized in rumen and monogastric intestinal tract

43 Vitamins thiamine: coenzyme in energy metabolism riboflavin: part of two coenzymes that function in energy and protein metabolism

44 Vitamins pantothenic acid: component of coenzyme A niacin: involved in metabolism of far, carbs and proteins

45 Vitamins pyridoxine: coenzyme component biotin: part of enzyme involved in fatty acid synthesis

46 Vitamins folic acid: needed in body cell metabolism choline: component of fats and nerve tissues needed at greater levels than other vitamins

47 Vitamins B12: coenzyme in several metabolic reactions essential part of red blood cell maturation C: essential in the formation of collagen

48 Vitamins inositol: found in all feeds and synthesized in the intestine para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA): function no well known

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