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Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein PAKAN UNGGAS 70-80% BMT SUMBER ENERGI 20-30% BMT SUMBER PROTEIN 10% ADDITIVE, VIT MINERAL MIX.

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Presentation on theme: "Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein PAKAN UNGGAS 70-80% BMT SUMBER ENERGI 20-30% BMT SUMBER PROTEIN 10% ADDITIVE, VIT MINERAL MIX."— Presentation transcript:

1 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein PAKAN UNGGAS 70-80% BMT SUMBER ENERGI 20-30% BMT SUMBER PROTEIN 10% ADDITIVE, VIT MINERAL MIX

2 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein 1.SUMBER PROTEIN NABATI 1.BUNGKIL-BUNGKILAN (OILSEED MEAL) 2.BIJI LEGUMINOSA (LEGUME GRAIN) 3.TEPUNG DAUN (GREEN MEAL) 4.LAIN-LAIN (MISCELLANEOUS) 2.SUMBER PROTEIN HEWANI 1.MARINE PRODUCT 2.SLAUGHTER HOUSE BY-PRODUCT 3.NOVEL FEED 4.MILK PRODUCT 5.ANIMAL WASTE

3 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein 1.SUMBER PROTEIN NABATI 1.BUNGKIL-BUNGKILAN 1.SOYBEAN MEAL 2.COTTON SEED MEAL 3.GROUNDNUT MEAL 4.RAPE SEED MEAL 5.SUNFLOWER MEAL 6.COCONUT MEAL 7.SESAME MEAL 8.CASTOR SEED MEAL 9.KAPOK SEED MEAL 2.BIJI LEGUMINOSA 1.KACANG HIJAU 2.KEDELE 3.BIJI KECIPIR 3.TEPUNG DAUN 1.DAUN LAMTORO 2.DAUN UBI JALAR, DLL 4. LAIN-LAIN 1.INDUSTRIAL BYPRODUCT 2.FERMENTATION RESIDUES 3.SINGLE CELL PROTEIN

4 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein 2. SUMBER PROTEIN HEWANI 1.MARINE PRODUCT 1.FISH MEAL 2.SHRIMP MEAL 2.SLAUGHTER HOUSE BY-PRODUCT 1.MEAT AND BONE MEAL 2.BLOOD MEAL 3.HYDROLIZED FEATHER MEAL 4.POULTRY BY-PRODUCT MEAL 3.NOVEL FEED 1.INSECT 2.FLY LARVAE AND PUPAE 3.SILKWORM PUPAE 4.GRASSHOPPERS 5.MORMON CRICKET 6.TERMITE 7.BEES 8.EARTHWORM 4.MILK PRODUCT

5 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein 5.ANIMAL WASTE 1.POULTRY WASTE 2.POULTRY LITTER 3.SWINE WASTE 4.CATTLE WASTE

6 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein PRODUCTION 10 6 M TON/YEAR FEEDSTUFFWORLDASIAMAIN PRODUCING COUNTRIES SOYABEAN92.3015.40CHINA, INDIA, INDONESIA COTTON33.0016.00CHINA, INDIA, PAKISTAN GROUNDNUT22.8015.40INDIA, CHINA SUNFLOWER20.903.28CHINA, INDIA, BURMA COPRA4.513.75PHIL, INDO, VITNAM PALM KERNEL3.081.97MALAY, INDO, CHINA SESAME2.251.49CHINA, INDIA, BURMA RUBBER SEED1.901.80MALAY, INDIA, PAK, INDO

7 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein BMT CPARGMETLYS JAGUNG9.05.31.93.0 JAK SEED MEAL 9.56.12.13.0 MILLET9.54.94.53.1 BREADFRUIT6.55.31.43.6 DATE6.54.51.43.1 SORGHUM11.04.11.72.6 MILLET PROSO11.54.1 2.6 CP, %DM ASAM AMINO, g/100g CP

8 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein OIL SEED MEAL MECHANICAL PRESSINGSOLVENT EXCTRACTED - 5-10% FAT - HIGHER ENERGY - OVER 140 O C - DESTROY AA - LOWER AA AVAILABILITY - PROT-REDUCING SUGAR - LYS, ARG, THRE, LEU, TRYP - <2% FAT - LOWER ENERGY

9 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein 1.SOYBEAN MEAL - 40-48% CP - 2200-2400 Kkal - BALANCED AA - ANTI NUTRITIONAL FACTOR 2.COTTONSEED MEAL - 100 kg FIBER 160 kg SEED - 52% MEAL, 23% HULL, 17% OIL, 8% LINTERS - 38% CP - 2000 Kkal - LOWER LYS 4.2% - GOSSYPOL - 0.16% LAYER, 0,07% BROILER - MACHANICAL 0.02-0.05% - SOLVENT 0.04-0.40% - SAFETY FACTOR 0.3% A. OILSEED MEAL

10 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein 3.GROUNDNUT MEAL - 44-47% CP, 13% CF, 7% FAT - 2300 Kkal - LOWER LYS - TANNIN 4.COCONUT MEAL - 35-40% RENDEMENT - 20-22% CP, 14% CF, 18% FAT - LOWER LYS, 3% - 2000 Kkal - 20-24% INCLUSION

11 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein 5.KAPOK SEED MEAL - 30% CP, 18% CF, 6% FAT - 1300 Kkal - LOW LYS 4.2%, HIGH TYR 6.7% - CYCLOPROPENOID ACID YOLK COLOR - TANNIN - GOOD RUMINANT FEED - INCLUSION 10% FOR POULTRY 6.RUBBER SEED MEAL - 26% CP, 9% CF, 10% FAT - 2100 Kkal - LOWER LYS, 3.6% - HCN, 20-40mg/kg (FRESH SEED 1200-2000mg/kg) - <20% INCLUSION - REDUCE FERTILITY, HATCHABILITY, DELAY SEXUAL MATURITY

12 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein 7. SESAME MEAL - 40% CP, 8% CF, 6% FAT - 2000 Kkal - LOWER LYS, HIGH MET, CYS, TRYP - Ca 1,3% - OXALATE 35mg/100g, PHYTATE 5g/100g - INCLUSION 15% 8. SUNFLOWER MEAL - 36-40% CP, 13% CF, 8% FAT - LOWER LYS, 3.9% - 2100 Kkal - CHLOROGENIC ACID

13 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein 9. PALM KERNEL MEAL - 19-21% CP, 15% CF, 8% FAT - 1900 Kkal - LOWER LYS 3.6%, HIGH SAA - Ca 0,3% - PHYSICALLY DRY AND GRITTY - INCLUSION LOW - REPLACEMENT OF 30% COCONUT/GROUNDNUT 10. CASTOR SEED MEAL - 35% CP, 20% CF, 6% FAT - LOWER LYS, 3% - ME NA - SUPPLY UP TO 40% CP IN DIET - ANTINUTRITIONAL - RICIN - RICININ - CASTORBEAN ALLERGEN

14 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein B. GRAIN LEGUME GENERAL: - HUMAN CONSUMPTION - IN ASIA 20 KIND OF GRAIN CULTIVATED - OFF-GRADE: SMALL, DISCOLOURED, SHRUNKEN, DAMAGED - MODERATE PROTEIN SOURCE 20-25% - 2600-3000 Kkal - HIGH LYS, LOW MET, MARGINAL TRYP - HAVING HIGH COMPLMENTARY VALUE - ANTINUTRITIONAL FACTOR: - PROTEASE INHIBITOR - CYANOGENS - HAEMAGGLUTININS - GOITROGENS - TANNINS - SAPONIN - ALKALOID - MINERAL BINDING FACTOR - ANTI VITAMIN - TOXIC AA - LATHYROGEN

15 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein C. GREEN MEAL GENERAL: - HIGH MODERATE CP CONTENT 21-30% - HIGH Ca, TRACE MINERAL, VITAMIN - BETA CAROTEN AND XANTHOPHYL - HIGH LYS - POORLY DIGESTED CP - LOW SAA - HIGH CF, PRESENCE TANNIN - LOWER ME - DUSTINESS - BULKY - INCLUSION 5%

16 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein C. GREEN MEAL 1. CASSAVA LEAF MEAL: - 21-30% CP, 20% CF, 5% FAT - 1800 Kkal - HCN - INCLUSION < 10% 2. LEUCAENA LEAF MEAL: - 22% CP, 15% CF, 4% FAT - 900 Kkal - MIMOSINE 3-HYDROXY-4(1H)-PYRIDONE - MIMOSINE ALLEVIATION: FERRIC SULPHATE, POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL - INCLUSION < 5% - DEPRESSES GROWTH & EGG PRODUCTION

17 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein C. GREEN MEAL 3. SWEET POTATO VINE MEAL: - 14-19% CP, 23% CF, 3.5% FAT - 1500 Kkal - NO ANTINUTRITIONAL - GOOD SOURCE OF VITAMIN & MINERAL - INCLUSION < 10% 4. AQUATIC PLANT MEAL: - 35-65% CP, 6-10% CF, 2-5% FAT, 25-50% ASH - 600-1700 Kkal - HIGH WATER CONTENT - INCLUSION < 5%

18 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein GENERAL: - PLANT PROTEIN: - NUTRITIONALLY IMBALANCED - NOT MEET CERTAIN CRITICAL AA, VIT B12 - ANIMAL PROTEIN: - NUTRITIONALLY BALANCED - SOURCES OF THE FLAA AND SAA - FISH MEAL AND MEAT MEAL ARE MOST WIDELY USED - ALL ASIAN COUNTRIES: IMPORTERS - THAILAND, INDIA, PAKISTAN - 4 LARGEST FISH PROD COUNT: JAPAN, CHINA, INDIA, AND SOUTH KOREA

19 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein 1. FISH MEAL - CP VARIES - LOCAL: 40%-50% CP - SOURCE OF Ca, P, TRACE - 2880 Kkal - UNIDENTIFIED GROWTH FACTOR - LEGAL SALT 3-7% (THOUGH 15% EXIST) - ADULTERATION - OVER HEATED: HISTIDINE-PROTEIN INTERACTION GIZEROCIN - FISHY TAINT TO MEAT AND EGG

20 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein 2. MEAT MEAL and MEAT BONE MEAL - EXCLUSIVE: HAIR, HOOF, HORN, HIDE TRIMMING, BLOOD, STOMACH CONTENT - MAINLY BONE AND ASSOCATE TISSUE: TENDON, LIGAMENT, SKELETAL MUSCLE, GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, LUNG, CONDEMNED LIVER - 20-60% BONE - MEAT MEAL: >55%CP, <4.4%P - MBM: 4.4% P - MAJOR PROTEIN IN BONE, CONNECTIVE TISSUE, CARTILAGE, AND TENDON IS COLLAGEN - COLLAGEN CONTAIN NO TRYPTOPHAN - >50-65% PROTEIN IN MM IS COLLAGEN

21 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein 3. BLOOD MEAL - 1000 kg LIVEWEIGHT 6 kg BLOOD MEAL - > 80% CP, RICH IN LYS, DEF IN ILEU, HIGH LEU - LOW PALABILITY, LOW AVAILABILITY OF LYS - INCLUSION 5% 4. HYDROLIZED FEATHER MEAL - ALMOST PURE PROTEIN OVER 95% CP - KERATIN COMPLETELY INDIGESTIBLE (DISULPHITE BOND) - 85% CP, RICH IN CYS, DEF IN LYS - OVERALL AA AVAILABILITY 65% - WITH SUPLY OF MET & LYS COULD REPLACE 40% OF DIETS CP

22 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein 5. POULTRY BY PRODUCT MEAL - VISCERA, HEAD AND FEET, EMPTY INTESTINE - 60% CP, 16% ASH - CP QUALITY LOWER THAN FM, BUT COMPARABLE TO MM - RICH IN CHOLINE - INCLUSION 5% 6. MILK PRODUCT - GOOD SOURCE OF AA - REMEMBER POULTRY UNABLE TO UTILIZE LACTOSE - BACTERIAL ORIGEN LACTASE MAY EXIST IN INTESTINE - INCLUSION 3-5% - 16% IN BROILER NO ADVERSE EFFECTS

23 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein 7. ANIMAL WASTES - 2 kg HEN 60-65 FRESH WASTE - 650 kg COW 12 TON WASTE - 80 kg PIG 1200 kg WASTE - SPECIES AFFECT CHEMICAL COMPOSITION - CP VARIES, ABANDON NPN (50-65%) - HIGH ASH CONTENT - LOW ME 8. NOVEL SOURCES - HIGH CP CONTENT (42-76%) - CHITINE ( N-ACETYL-GLOCOSAMINE) - CHECK FOR FIBER CONTENT - CHECK FOR FAT CONTENT - INCLUSION VARIES

24 Surisdiarto - BMT - Sumber protein 8. NOVEL SOURCES - FLY LARVAE AND PUPAE: 42%CP, 35% FAT - SILKWORM PUPAE: 48%CP, 27% FAT, DEOILED 80%CP UNIDENTIFIED FACTOR: FE, EW, FERTILITY (EGDYSTEROID) - GRASSHOPER: 76%CP (60% DIGES), OFFENSIVE ODOR - MORMON CRICKETS: 58% CP, 16% CF, 9% FAT - TERMITE: 48% CP, 36% FAT - EARTHWORM: 60%CP, LOW Ca, HIGH HEAVY METAL, LOW CHOL - SNAIL: 60%CP, DEF MET, 70-90mg/kg HCN, REPLACE SBM 15%


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