Presentation on theme: "Why was WWI considered the Great War or the War to end al wars? EAT IT."— Presentation transcript:
Why was WWI considered the Great War or the War to end al wars? EAT IT
Document one illustrates the growing tensions amongst the between France and Prussia over territories like Alsace and Lorraine in addition to other European tensions and growing alliances
A.the iron rich Alsace-Loraine was lost to Germany in the Franco- Prussian war leading to tensions between the newly formed German and France
Document 2 is a secret treaty between Austria-Hungary and Germany as a cautionary measure to protect them against a potential attack against Russia fearing a two front war
P. This treaty was kept secret from France and their allies to surreptitiously prepare for a military conflict after Germany will annex Alsace-Lorraine making them a legitimate industrial and imperial power through Bismarck’s Blood and iron campaign inspiring German Nationalism
Document 3 illustrates that both sides prior to WWI are spending vast sums of money to fortify their navies with dreadnoughts in anticipation of conflict
L Militarism was an important competitive practice amongst imperial nations and the development of the dreadnought illustrated a command of the world’s oceans leading to the fear of the U-boat
In Document 4 satirist Mark Twain identifies the nationalism amongst 19 groups within the Austro- Hungarian Empire which, while unified, could possibly be stirred into dissent
I. nationalism within the Austro- Hungarian Empire led to many new alliances like that of the Pan-Slav group black hand who would look toward Russia for independence against Austro-Hungary
Document 5 illustrates the alliances of the allied and central powers poised to mobilize forces in the event of a “spark
F. The assassination of, heir to the Austrian throne, arch Duke Franz Ferdinand served as the spark which created a series of declarations of war across Europe
American Exports in document 6 seem to suggest leanings to UK and France from 1910-1915 with 1915 being the most pronounced
E. American business interests in Europe seemed to favor the triple entente(FRE) and, therefore, created animosity amongst the triple alliance(GAI)
Photographs in doc 7 of new military technologies like tanks, trench warfare, dreadnoughts and machine guns suggest WWI would be a different kind of war
R. The scientific application of the weapons of war contributed to 20 million casualties and a lost generation.
Document 8 illustrates the total war where the battlefield was not the only opportunity for citizens to participate in the war effort.
O. This YMCA poster urges women to join the industrial work force to help build the weapons of war for the boys overseas in support
Documents 9 juxtaposes the years of stalemate in Dulcet Et Decorum Est. with the vitality of the United States readiness for was in over there
C. These two poems/songs serve to both illustrate the nationalism involved in placing your country first as well as the sacrifices soldiers had to make during WWI
The Zimmerman Telegram in document 10 suggests an alliance between Mexico and Germany in the event the United States does not remain neutral. In return, Mexico will receive lands lost and allied potentially with Japan.
K. The secret alliances continued as Germany’s fear of U.S.involvement in the war might break the stalemate and encouraged an old foe to attack if the United States becomes involved with Japan as a surprise allied.
In Document 11 in a letter to Lord Rothschild, Arthur Balfour promises lands in Palestine to the nationalist Jews known as the Zionist federation who were looking for an independent homeland
B. Zionism was a form of Jewish nationalism formed to unify against anti-Semitism prevalent in Europe and,with the promise of Arthur Belfour, would provide a reason for Jews to fight in WWI
The Sykes-Picot agreement in document 12 illustrates an alliance between the British and French governments to control oil rich Arab territories both directly and indirectly
G. the secret Sykes-Picot agreement gave the Pan-Arab national movement a reason to join the British and French to encourage their motivation to fight against Ottoman forces
The Versailles treaty in Document 13 illustrate the dissolution of the Ottoman territories, redistribution of German territories and a guilt clause punishing Germany for losses incurred during WWI
M. The treaty which ended WWI took place for 6 months in the Paris Peace conference and lead to the splintering of Ottoman, German and Austro-Hungarian forces as well as demanding German pay reparations creating new tensions
Document 14 is American President Woodrow Wilson’s 14 points brought about to congress a way to prevent future wars including demilitarize, opening up of trade barriers, and popular sovereignty for former colonies.
H. Wilsons proposal to Congress appealed to prevent any future American incursions which were not passed due to the overwhelming need by congressmen to remain isolated
The political cartoon in document 15 illustrates Wilson’s inability to carry out his 14 points to a league of nations without approval of congress.
D. With congresses failure to pass Woodrow Wilson’s 14 points, the League of Nations (Wilson’s idea) were on their own to carry out these difficult measures.
Document 16 illustrates the father of Psychoanalysis (Sigmund Freud) in evaluating the primitive nature of humankind and their ability to murder regardless of being civilized.
J. The psychological scars of war were studied by Freud which illustrated the human need to refrain from any future wars while also illustrating the murderous nature of mankind
The response to the terrors of poison gases in document 17 utilized in WWI was a reaction to preventing these horrors and atrocities from ever happening again.
Q. The technologies of war like gas were finally done away with in the Geneva accords to prevent the future crimes and tragedies which befell so many.
Document 18 documents the unintended consequence of war which was the Spanish Influenza and the toll it took on lives and minds
N. With so many casualties and massive mobility of so many nations (both colonies and imperializes) the Spanish influenza left its mark on the lost generation contributing to the already painful memories of the war to end all wars