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GROWTH OF SLAVERY HOW SLAVERY DIVIDED OUR NATION.

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Presentation on theme: "GROWTH OF SLAVERY HOW SLAVERY DIVIDED OUR NATION."— Presentation transcript:

1 GROWTH OF SLAVERY HOW SLAVERY DIVIDED OUR NATION

2 350 YEARS OF SLAVERY PRE- REVOLUTIONARY “ALL MEN CREATED EQUAL” 3/5ths COMPROMISE COTTON GIN EXPLOSION OF GROWTH REVOLTS MO. COMPROMISE TX/MEXICAN WAR ABOLITION COMPROMISE OF 1850 KS/NE ACT OF 1854 DRED SCOTT JOHN BROWN

3 PRE-REVOLUTIONARY WAR SLAVERY DISCOVERY OF NEW WORLD DISCOVERY OF NEW WORLD INDIANS FIRST INDIANS FIRST TRIANGULAR TRADE “MOLASSAS TO RUM TO SLAVES” TRIANGULAR TRADE “MOLASSAS TO RUM TO SLAVES” NORTH & SOUTH IDEAOLOGY NORTH & SOUTH IDEAOLOGY

4 Loose Pack v Tight Pack

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6 ALL MEN ARE CREATED EQUAL? DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE MORAL DILEMMA MORAL DILEMMA CHANCE TO SOLVE THE ISSUE ONCE AND FOR ALL CHANCE TO SOLVE THE ISSUE ONCE AND FOR ALL

7 3/5ths COMPROMISE CONSTITUTION CONSTITUTION PROPERTY PROPERTY

8 COTTON GIN ELI WHITNEY AND MASS PRODUCTON ELI WHITNEY AND MASS PRODUCTON SEPERATE SEEDS SEPERATE SEEDS INCREASE OF COTTON PRODUCTION INCREASE OF COTTON PRODUCTION NEGATIVE EFFECTS NEGATIVE EFFECTS

9 EXPLOSION OF GROWTH

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11 SLAVE REBELLIONS GABRIEL PROSSER (1800) GABRIEL PROSSER (1800) DENMARK VESSEY ( ) DENMARK VESSEY ( ) NAT TURNER (1831) NAT TURNER (1831) TOUGHER SLAVE LAWS TOUGHER SLAVE LAWS

12 Thomas Jefferson “In the gloomiest moment of the revolutionary war, I never had any (fears) equal to what I feel from this source... Every new irritation will make it deeper and deeper... We have a wolf by the ears, and we can neither hold him nor safely let him go.” 1820 “In the gloomiest moment of the revolutionary war, I never had any (fears) equal to what I feel from this source... Every new irritation will make it deeper and deeper... We have a wolf by the ears, and we can neither hold him nor safely let him go.” 1820

13 MISSOURI COMPROMISE (1821) DESIRE FOR STATEHOOD 1819 DESIRE FOR STATEHOOD 1819 TALLMADGE AMENDMENT TALLMADGE AMENDMENT BALANCE OF POWER BALANCE OF POWER MAINE APPLIES MAINE APPLIES HENRY CLAY EXPANSION OF SLAVERY? COMPROMISE 36* 30’ WHO BENEFITTED? PREDICT THE FUTURE

14 TEXAS / MEXICAN WAR EXPANSION EXPANSION ALAMO ALAMO WAR WITH MEXICO WAR WITH MEXICO “CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE” “CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE” GROWTH OF SLAVERY? GROWTH OF SLAVERY? LAND WON OR STOLEN? LAND WON OR STOLEN? GADSDEN PURCHASE OF 1853 GADSDEN PURCHASE OF 1853

15 COMPROMISE OF 1850 MANIFEST DESTINEY MANIFEST DESTINEY CALIFORNIA 1849 AND STATEHOOD CALIFORNIA 1849 AND STATEHOOD MISSOURI COMPROMISE MISSOURI COMPROMISE POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY HENRY CLAY HENRY CLAY FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW OF 1850 FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW OF 1850 NORTH AND SOUTH HAPPY??? NORTH AND SOUTH HAPPY???

16 ABOLITIONIST MOVEMENT  AGAINIST SLAVERY  WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON THE LIBERATOR, and THE ANTI-SLAVERY SOCIETY  FREDRICK DOUGLASS  UNDERGROUND RAILROAD  UNCLE TOM’S CABIN  HARRIOTT TUBMAN  SOJOURNER TRUTH

17 Slave Whipping and Abuse

18 KANSAS AND NEBRASKA ACT OF 1854 TERRITORIES TERRITORIES RAILROADS!! RAILROADS!! SLAVERY?? YES OR NO? SLAVERY?? YES OR NO? MISSOURI COMPROMISE MISSOURI COMPROMISE STEPHEN DOUGLAS STEPHEN DOUGLAS POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY OTHER MOTIVES? OTHER MOTIVES?

19 DRED SCOTT SLAVE SLAVE LIVED IN FREE TERRITORIES LIVED IN FREE TERRITORIES SOLD TO AN ABOLITIONIST SOLD TO AN ABOLITIONIST SUES FOR FREEDOM SUES FOR FREEDOM SUPREME COURT SUPREME COURT FREEDOM DENIED FREEDOM DENIED

20 Dred Scott Roger B. Taney-Chief Justice of U.S. Supreme Court Roger B. Taney-Chief Justice of U.S. Supreme Court Slaves are property Slaves are property A slave owner can take his “property” anywhere he goes. A slave owner can take his “property” anywhere he goes. Violation of 4 th Amendment Rights Violation of 4 th Amendment Rights Missouri Compromise Unconstitutional! Missouri Compromise Unconstitutional!

21 JOHN BROWN WHO IS JOHN BROWN? WHO IS JOHN BROWN? BLEEDING KANSAS BLEEDING KANSAS POTOWATAMIE CREEK POTOWATAMIE CREEK HARPERS FERRY HARPERS FERRY CAPTURE & TRIAL CAPTURE & TRIAL REPERCUSSIONS REPERCUSSIONS

22 Lincoln/Douglas Debates Illinois Senate Seat Illinois Senate Seat Douglas wants to run for President 1860 Douglas wants to run for President 1860 Series of Debates Series of Debates Lincoln starts slow but gains strength Lincoln starts slow but gains strength Douglas wins election, but Lincoln gains national recognition Douglas wins election, but Lincoln gains national recognition

23 Abraham Lincoln 1858 “In my opinion, it will not cease until a crisis shall have been reached and passed. A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free. I do not expect the house to fail— but I do expect it will cease to be divided” “In my opinion, it will not cease until a crisis shall have been reached and passed. A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free. I do not expect the house to fail— but I do expect it will cease to be divided”

24 Election of 1860

25 Election 1860 Abraham Lincoln---Republican Abraham Lincoln---Republican Stephen Douglas---Northern Democrat Stephen Douglas---Northern Democrat John C. Breckinridge-Southern Democrat John C. Breckinridge-Southern Democrat John Bell—Constitutional Union Party John Bell—Constitutional Union Party Democrats and Bell split their support allowing Lincoln to win! Did not win a single southern state! Democrats and Bell split their support allowing Lincoln to win! Did not win a single southern state!

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27 The South Secedes President Buchanan does little to stop the movement Dec. 20, 1860 South Carolina leads the way followed by MS, FL, AL, GA, LA, TX. Form the Confederate States of America

28 States Rights Slavery is “our” way of life Slavery is “our” way of life We have a “right” to determine what is best for our state We have a “right” to determine what is best for our state We don’t interfere with what you do in the “North”, so don’t interfere with us in the South We don’t interfere with what you do in the “North”, so don’t interfere with us in the South States Rights is the real issue, but slavery will be the driving mechanism of this conflict known as the U.S. Civil War States Rights is the real issue, but slavery will be the driving mechanism of this conflict known as the U.S. Civil War

29 Sources Isabelle Aguet, A Pictorial History of the Slave Trade (Geneva, Editions Minerva, 1971), plate 64, p.71; original source not identified Isabelle Aguet, A Pictorial History of the Slave Trade (Geneva, Editions Minerva, 1971), plate 64, p.71; original source not identified Published in Anthony Tibbles (ed.), Transatlantic Slavery: Against Human Dignity (London: HMSO, 1994), p. 154, fig Published in Anthony Tibbles (ed.), Transatlantic Slavery: Against Human Dignity (London: HMSO, 1994), p. 154, fig. 140.

30 Sources afrocityblog.files.wordpress.com/2009/08/s lav... afrocityblog.files.wordpress.com/2009/08/s lav...


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