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The Crisis Deepens 14.3. Key People Dred Scott Roger B. Taney Abraham Lincoln.

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Presentation on theme: "The Crisis Deepens 14.3. Key People Dred Scott Roger B. Taney Abraham Lincoln."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Crisis Deepens 14.3

2 Key People Dred Scott Roger B. Taney Abraham Lincoln

3 Why It Matters Bitterness between slave and free states created change in our political parties

4 A New Anti-Slavery Party Republican Party formed Whig split apart in Some Northern Whigs joined the Republican Party Free-Soil Party joins with Republican party Focus on Republican Party is to limit growth of Slavery The party gains strength in the North

5 Dred Scott Decision VTrPcMDg VTrPcMDg Dred Scott sued for his freedom because he had lived in the free state of Illinois Anti-slavery league helped him with his lawsuit

6 Roger B. Taney Ruling Dred Scott v. Sanford decision Chief Supreme Court Roger B. Taney ruled Scott was property and therefore had no right to file a lawsuit Living in a free state did not make a slave free Property rights were protected under the U.S. Constitution Congress did NOT have the power to prohibit slavery in any territory. Thus, the Missouri Compromise was Unconsititutional.

7 Reaction South Rejoiced Slavery is legal in all territory North Slavery now could spread to the West Stunned and Angry Fredrick Douglass stated “my hopes were never brighter than now” Why did he believe this?

8 Lincoln-Douglas Debates Abraham Lincoln: a lawyer Stephen Douglas: The State of Illinois Senator Running for U.S. Senate for Illinois 3Mg 3Mg

9 House Divided “A house divided against itself cannot stand. I do not believe this government can endure, permanently, half slave and half free. I do not expect the Union to be dissolved—I do not expect the house to fall—but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing or all the other. Does Lincoln predict that the United States will divide? Does he support free or slave? Support your answer with facts.

10 Debating Slavery Douglas supports popular sovereignty: “Each state of this Union has a right to do as it pleases on the subject of slavery” Lincoln stated “If slavery is not wrong, nothing is wrong.” during one debate. Lincoln also stated “ I am not, nor ever have been in favor of bringing about in ant way the social political equality of the white and black races. Lincoln also said: “There is no reason in the world why the Negro is not entitled to all the right enumerated in the Declaration of Independence, the right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.

11 Douglas won the Senate Election However the debates made Lincoln known throughout the country on his slave stand. ? What is Lincoln stand on slavery?

12 John Brown’s Raid John Brown, Abolitionist, killed Pro-Slavery men in Kansas during Bleeding Kansas and got away with murder. In 1859, Brown decides to take the issue of Slavery on to himself. shttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=11gevEo aJsk shttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=11gevEo aJsk

13 How does the paintings on page 497 & 498 view John Brown? What was John Brown’s goal in launching the raid on Harpers Ferry?


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