Presentation on theme: " Congress adopted the policy that there would be balance in the Senate For every free state there would be an equal slave state. ▪ The south was afraid."— Presentation transcript:
Congress adopted the policy that there would be balance in the Senate For every free state there would be an equal slave state. ▪ The south was afraid that slavery would be outlawed if there were more free states than slave Everything was fine until Missouri- was it North or South (Free or Slave) North says free, South says secession
Missouri would be admitted as a slave state Maine would be admitted as a free state A line would be drawn at 36 30’ degrees of latitude. Everything North would be free while everything south would be slave.
Southern Fear- Abolitionists might cause slaves to revolt Fugitive Slaves- Slaves escaped to the north were they received help- Stolen southern property Slavery in the territories- Should slaves be allowed in new lands California- Applies for statehood. It applies as a free state, but part of it is below the 36 30 line. If allowed to join then Free states would have the majority in the senate
Something for everyone California would be a free state (N) New Mexico and Utah territories would be open to slavery (S) No Slave trade in Washington D.C., but slave owners could keep their slaves (N&S) Fugitive Slave Law- Reclaim runaway slaves (S)
Fugitive Slave Law- The north refused to support the law. South was angered. Uncle Tom’s Cabin- Revealed the horrors of slavery- Best seller in the North, made abolitionists movement explode Kansas-Nebraska Act- No more 36 30 line but “popular sovereignty” or the people will decide slavery. It passed the North was outraged.
The abolitionists sent men and guns to live in Kansas The south supported by “Border Ruffians” laid claim to Kansas. Two separate governments, one free and one slave were created Violence- Pro slavery groups raided Lawrence Kansas (free). They burned buildings and destroyed abolitionist printing presses John Brown seeks revenge. He hacks to death five pro slavery leaders The violence heads to Congress. An anti-slavery senator is beat to near death in Congress because he spoke out against the violence in Kansas.
Dred Scot was a slave that was taken to Wisconsin. He believed since he was on free soil he should be free. The Supreme court will decide the issue of slavery The decision Dred Scott can not sue for his freedom because he is not a citizen No African American could become a citizen Missouri Compromise was Unconstitutional Slaves are property and according to the 5 th amendment, property can not be taken without due process South pleased, North angered
John Brown’s Raid- John Brown and his sons try seize weapons from a federal arsenal. He wants to start a slave rebellion. He fails but the south sees how far the abolitionists will go. Lincoln and Douglas Senate debates- Douglass believed the supreme court put the slavery issue to rest Lincoln believed it was a moral issue and not a legal issue Lincoln loses election but becomes a national figure
Election of 1860 The Republican nominated Lincoln The Democrats nominated three separate candidates Democratic vote is split three ways Lincoln wins without getting a majority of the people to vote for him Lincoln will not end slavery but he will not let it spread. The South begins to succeed