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Introduction of Slavery. Slavery in the World In existence since ancient times “slave” derives from the word “Slav” –14 th & 15 th century Venetian &

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction of Slavery. Slavery in the World In existence since ancient times “slave” derives from the word “Slav” –14 th & 15 th century Venetian &"— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction of Slavery

2 Slavery in the World In existence since ancient times “slave” derives from the word “Slav” –14 th & 15 th century Venetian & Genoese merchants lead trade of Slavic people Does bother many Europeans b/c it conflicts with the teachings of Christianity

3 Africa Portuguese est. Sugar plantations off the coast of West Africa –Later Columbus will est. sugar plantations in the Caribbean Trade with African leaders for captured pows Europeans left the “capturing” of slaves to the Africans

4 Transporting slaves in Africa

5 Use of Natives Spanish will force natives to work on Sugar plantations in the Caribbean –Doesn’t work: run away or sick from European diseases –Look at Portuguese success Other Europeans will follow suit in their colonies

6 Who becomes the slaves? West Africa in small communities Women had more freedoms Sophisticated farming techniques (makes them great laborers later) Slavery in existence there, but not necessary permanent Twice as many men brought over

7 Triangular Trade Trade between Africa, Europe & New World

8 Middle Passage Journey from Africa to New World Slaves held in forts & buildings on the coast Taken to ships waiting for them Packed into the ship’s lower levels –6 feet long by 2 ½ feet high

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10 Life on the ship Ships for 450 carried 600+ Lasted anywhere from 3 weeks to 3 months (depending on weather) Morning- walk on deck, b’fast- beans “dancing the slave” –Forced to jump up & down in chains to entertain the sailors Afternoon on deck & then banished to the room

11 Underground Lack of sanitation Shrieks of the dying Left to wallow in their waste Ships ridden with disease Some captured slaves would try to revolt or jump overseas

12 Diagram of slave ship

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15 Arrival in New World Prepared for market- made presentable As they disembarked the boat- “walking skeletons covered over with a piece of tanned leather.” Sold in auctions or to one buyer **1 st slaves brought in 1619 by the Dutch & traded to J. Rolfe

16 How does it come to America? Use of Indentured servants Passage to US in return for service

17 Early American slavery Small #’s due to $$$ In colonial VA, lived with master & formed relationships 1662 British start to participate in slave trade –Sent to colonies & Caribbean

18 Growing #’s slaves 1676 Bacon’s Rebellion , , , ,000 slaves in VA & MD

19 Advertising the sale of slaves

20 Daily Life Basic goods to survive from master –Food rations (little meat) –Inadequate clothing Tough working conditions Mostly on farms & plantations

21 Culture Families IMPORTANT –Women not brought at 1 st –Marriages not legal Performed among the community broomstick –Families split and traded often –Children High birth rate Named after family and traditional African names English names come later Blending of traditions

22 Religion At 1 st, owners weary of spreading Christianity –brotherhood Many slaves practice traditional beliefs Later Christianity will spread

23 CULTURE Music & dance important –String instruments –Drums outlawed- used spoons & sticks –Coping strategies Language –2 important dialects: Gullah –Blending of languages


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