2Main IdeaBetween the 1500’s and the 1800’s millions of Africans were captured, shipped across the Atlantic Ocean, and sold as slaves in the Americas.
3Origins of the Slave Trade The Atlantic Slave TradeCausesA shortage of labor in the AmericasDisease had killed millions of Native AmericansIndentured Servants were expensive
4Origins of the Slave Trade The Atlantic Slave TradeMillions of Africans taken to the AmericasMost came from West AfricaSome slaves supplied by African rulersOthers were kidnapped by European traders
5Origins of the Slave Trade The Atlantic Slave TradeTriangular TradeMiddle Passage2nd leg of Triangular Trade routeBrought Africans to the Americas to be sold as slaves.
6Origins of the Slave Trade The Middle PassageCaptive Africans chained in the darkCramped quartersCould not sit or standLasted 3 to 6 weeks10-20% died
7Slavery in the Colonies Slave TradersSpanish traders took slave to Caribbean sugar plantationsPortuguese traders brought millions to Brazil.English took captives to West Indies and colonies in North America.Dominated the slave trade by the end of the 1600’sDaily "dancing" was enforced on many slave ships as a form of exercise. People were made to hop in place in their shackles and exercise by swinging their arms. The crew walked among them with whips or cat-o'-nine-tails to compel the forced recreation.
8Slavery in the Colonies Living ConditionsMost enslaved Africans worked on plantationsSome worked in mines, towns, and in the countryside.Some were carpenters, metal workers, or coopersWomen were sometimes domestic workers.
9Slavery in the Colonies Living ConditionsOwners and overseers gave physical and humiliating punishments.Owners lived in fear of slave rebellions.
10Slavery in the Colonies ResistanceLaws in Americas saw enslaved Africans to be property.Slaves had no rights or freedoms.They endured brutal treatment and abuseKept their traditions alive.Others turned to religion.
11Effects of the Slave Trade Slave trade lasted 400 years.Devastated societies in West Africa15 to 20 million enslaved Africans forced to AmericasMillions more sent to Europe, Asia, and the Middle East
12Effects of the Slave Trade Human cost enormousCountless died marching from interior or crammed on shipsIn AfricaStrongest young people captured.Africa’s futureAfricans turned on each other to gain captivesAfricans spread throughout the worldAfrican DiasporaDiffusion of African culture