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The Atlantic Slave Trade Chapter 16.4. Main Idea Between the 1500’s and the 1800’s millions of Africans were captured, shipped across the Atlantic Ocean,

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Presentation on theme: "The Atlantic Slave Trade Chapter 16.4. Main Idea Between the 1500’s and the 1800’s millions of Africans were captured, shipped across the Atlantic Ocean,"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Atlantic Slave Trade Chapter 16.4

2 Main Idea Between the 1500’s and the 1800’s millions of Africans were captured, shipped across the Atlantic Ocean, and sold as slaves in the Americas.

3 Origins of the Slave Trade The Atlantic Slave Trade –Causes A shortage of labor in the Americas –Disease had killed millions of Native Americans –Indentured Servants were expensive The Atlantic Slave Trade –Causes A shortage of labor in the Americas –Disease had killed millions of Native Americans –Indentured Servants were expensive

4 Origins of the Slave Trade The Atlantic Slave Trade –Millions of Africans taken to the Americas –Most came from West Africa –Some slaves supplied by African rulers –Others were kidnapped by European traders The Atlantic Slave Trade –Millions of Africans taken to the Americas –Most came from West Africa –Some slaves supplied by African rulers –Others were kidnapped by European traders

5 Origins of the Slave Trade The Atlantic Slave Trade –Triangular Trade –Middle Passage 2nd leg of Triangular Trade route Brought Africans to the Americas to be sold as slaves. The Atlantic Slave Trade –Triangular Trade –Middle Passage 2nd leg of Triangular Trade route Brought Africans to the Americas to be sold as slaves.

6 Origins of the Slave Trade The Middle Passage –Captive Africans chained in the dark –Cramped quarters –Could not sit or stand –Lasted 3 to 6 weeks –10-20% died The Middle Passage –Captive Africans chained in the dark –Cramped quarters –Could not sit or stand –Lasted 3 to 6 weeks –10-20% died

7 Slavery in the Colonies Slave Traders –Spanish traders took slave to Caribbean sugar plantations –Portuguese traders brought millions to Brazil. –English took captives to West Indies and colonies in North America. Dominated the slave trade by the end of the 1600’s Slave Traders –Spanish traders took slave to Caribbean sugar plantations –Portuguese traders brought millions to Brazil. –English took captives to West Indies and colonies in North America. Dominated the slave trade by the end of the 1600’s Daily "dancing" was enforced on many slave ships as a form of exercise. People were made to hop in place in their shackles and exercise by swinging their arms. The crew walked among them with whips or cat-o'-nine-tails to compel the forced recreation.

8 Slavery in the Colonies Living Conditions –Most enslaved Africans worked on plantations –Some worked in mines, towns, and in the countryside. –Some were carpenters, metal workers, or coopers –Women were sometimes domestic workers. Living Conditions –Most enslaved Africans worked on plantations –Some worked in mines, towns, and in the countryside. –Some were carpenters, metal workers, or coopers –Women were sometimes domestic workers.

9 Slavery in the Colonies Living Conditions –Owners and overseers gave physical and humiliating punishments. –Owners lived in fear of slave rebellions. Living Conditions –Owners and overseers gave physical and humiliating punishments. –Owners lived in fear of slave rebellions.

10 Slavery in the Colonies Resistance –Laws in Americas saw enslaved Africans to be property. –Slaves had no rights or freedoms. –They endured brutal treatment and abuse –Kept their traditions alive. –Others turned to religion. Resistance –Laws in Americas saw enslaved Africans to be property. –Slaves had no rights or freedoms. –They endured brutal treatment and abuse –Kept their traditions alive. –Others turned to religion.

11 Effects of the Slave Trade Slave trade lasted 400 years. Devastated societies in West Africa 15 to 20 million enslaved Africans forced to Americas Millions more sent to Europe, Asia, and the Middle East Slave trade lasted 400 years. Devastated societies in West Africa 15 to 20 million enslaved Africans forced to Americas Millions more sent to Europe, Asia, and the Middle East

12 Effects of the Slave Trade Human cost enormous –Countless died marching from interior or crammed on ships In Africa –Strongest young people captured. Africa’s future –Africans turned on each other to gain captives Africans spread throughout the world –African Diaspora –Diffusion of African culture Human cost enormous –Countless died marching from interior or crammed on ships In Africa –Strongest young people captured. Africa’s future –Africans turned on each other to gain captives Africans spread throughout the world –African Diaspora –Diffusion of African culture

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