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Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade US CIVIL WAR OF ALL THE CONTRADICTIONS IN AMERICA’S HISTORY, NONE SURPASSES ITS TOLERATION FIRST OF SLAVERY AND THEN OF SEGREGATION.

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Presentation on theme: "Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade US CIVIL WAR OF ALL THE CONTRADICTIONS IN AMERICA’S HISTORY, NONE SURPASSES ITS TOLERATION FIRST OF SLAVERY AND THEN OF SEGREGATION."— Presentation transcript:

1 Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade US CIVIL WAR OF ALL THE CONTRADICTIONS IN AMERICA’S HISTORY, NONE SURPASSES ITS TOLERATION FIRST OF SLAVERY AND THEN OF SEGREGATION. – STEPHEN AMBROSE

2 Triangle Trade  Europe  Africa  Americas

3 Middle Passage Video Clip  Youtube Clip Youtube Clip

4 Slave Trade  When  Between 1500 & 1807  Why  Cheap labor source

5 430,000 imported to U.S.

6 Slave Regions in Africa  Slave trade moved people along 3000 miles of Africa’s west coast to the New World  Many slaves were brought from inland areas of Africa

7 Slave Coffle  Definition: a group of animals, prisoners, or slaves chained together in a line

8 Middle Passage 1600’s – 1850’s  Approx. 60 forts build along the west coast of Africa.  Walked in slave caravans to the forts some 1000 miles away.  Selected by the Europeans and branded.  One half survived the death march.  Place in underground dungeons until they were boarded on ships. Cape Coast Castle, Ghana

9 Middle Passage Statistics  million Africans forcibly transported across the Atlantic from  2 million died during the Middle Passage (10-15%)  Another 15-30% dies during the march to the coast.  For every 100 slaves that reached the New World, another 40 died in Africa or during the Middle Passage.

10 Middle Passage Conditions on Board the Ship  Slaves chained together and crammed into spaces sometimes less than five feet high.  Slavers packed three of four hundred Africans into the ship cargo holds.  Little ventilation, human waste, horrific odors. Unclean.

11 1789 Slave Ship, Brooks

12 Conditions on Board the Ship  Tight packing - belly to back, chained in twos, wrist to ankle (660+), naked.  Loose packing - shoulder to shoulder chained wrist to wrist or ankle to ankle.  Men and woman separated (men placed towards bow, women toward stern).  Fed once or twice a day and brought on deck for limited times.

13 Middle Passage  Journey lasted 6-8 weeks.  Due to high mortality rate, cargo was insured (reimbursed for drowning accidents but not for deaths from disease of sickness)  Common to dump your cargo for sickness or food shortages.  Slave mutinies on board ships were common (1 out of every 10 voyages across the Atlantic experience a revolt).  Covert resistance (attempted suicide, jumped overboard, refusal to eat).  Video Video

14 Growth of African American Population million 13% free million 14% free million 13% free million 12% free million 11% free

15 Growth of African American Population  Early 18th Century - 36,000 per year  During 1780’s - 80,000 per year  Between ,000 captives/year on average.  17th Century - slave sold in the Americas for about $150 each  Slave trade illegal in Britain in 1807, US 1808, France 1831, Spain  Once declared illegal prices went much higher. 1850s prime field hand $ $1500 (about $18,000 in 1997 dollars).

16 Slave Auction, Richmond VA (1861)

17 Old Slave Mart – Charleston SC  Part of a complex of buildings used for the sale of slaves to plantation owners all across the American South  Museum stands there today


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